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A cyborg (short for "cybernetic organism") is a theoretical or fictional being with both organic and biomechatronic parts. The term was coined in 1960 by Manfred Clynes and Nathan S. Kline.[1] D. S. The term cyborg is not the same thing as bionic and often applied to an organism that has restored function or enhanced abilities due to the integration of some artificial component or technology that relies on some sort of feedback.[3][4] While cyborgs are commonly thought of as mammals, they might also conceivably be any kind of organism and the term "Cybernetic organism" has been applied to networks, such as road systems, corporations and governments, which have been classed as such. Overview[edit] The term is also used to address human-technology mixtures in the abstract. Origins[edit] The concept of a man-machine mixture was widespread in science fiction before World War II. The term was coined by Manfred E. Cyborg tissues in engineering[edit] Individual cyborgs[edit] Animal cyborgs[edit] Related:  Cyborgenic Reengineering the Human BodyEvolution Continues

Human enhancement An electrically powered exoskeleton suit in development as of 2010 by Tsukuba University of Japan. Human enhancement is "any attempt to temporarily or permanently overcome the current limitations of the human body through natural or artificial means. It is the use of technological means to select or alter human characteristics and capacities, whether or not the alteration results in characteristics and capacities that lie beyond the existing human range." [1][2][3] Technologies[edit] Existing technologies[edit] Emerging technologies[edit] Speculative technologies[edit] Ethics[edit] While in some circles the expression "human enhancement" is roughly synonymous with human genetic engineering,[6][7] it is used most often to refer to the general application of the convergence of nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology and cognitive science (NBIC) to improve human performance.[5] Inequality and social disruption[edit] Effects on identity[edit] See also[edit] References[edit]

Transhumanism Transhumanism (abbreviated as H+ or h+) is an international cultural and intellectual movement with an eventual goal of fundamentally transforming the human condition by developing and making widely available technologies to greatly enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities.[1] Transhumanist thinkers study the potential benefits and dangers of emerging technologies that could overcome fundamental human limitations, as well as the ethics of developing and using such technologies. They speculate that human beings may eventually be able to transform themselves into beings with such greatly expanded abilities as to merit the label "posthuman".[1] History[edit] According to Nick Bostrom,[1] transcendentalist impulses have been expressed at least as far back as in the quest for immortality in the Epic of Gilgamesh, as well as historical quests for the Fountain of Youth, Elixir of Life, and other efforts to stave off aging and death. First transhumanist proposals[edit]

Electronic tattoo An ultra-thin electronic device that attaches to the skin like a stick on tattoo can measure electrical activity of the human body like heart, brain waves and other vital signs without the bulky electrodes used in current monitoring. process[edit] These tattoos are similar to those in children's fake tattoos. It usually starts out on a sheet of plastic, is then applied to the skin and rubbed on from outside the plastic, then the plastic is peeled away, leaving only a very thin, rubber patch that has a layer of flexible silicon wires. It is ultra-thin slices of plastic or rubber that encases tiny silicon wires, sensors, radios, cameras and even electricity generating cells. Applications[edit] There are many applications in health care, wellness, and fitness. A company called Electrozyme makes electronic tattoos that appear to target athletic performance. There is a specific patent for an electronic tattoo that functions as a lie detector. References[edit]

Singularity Singularity or Singular points may refer to: Science and technology[edit] Mathematics[edit] Mathematical singularity, a point at which a given mathematical object is not defined or not "well-behaved", for example infinite or not differentiable Geometry[edit] Singular point of a curve, where the curve is not given by a smooth embedding of a parameterSingular point of an algebraic variety, a point where an algebraic variety is not locally flatRational singularity, a concept in singularity theorySingularity theory, which deals with these concepts Complex analysis[edit] Essential singularity, a singularity near which a function exhibits extreme behaviorIsolated singularity, a mathematical singularity that has no other singularities close to itMovable singularity, a concept in singularity theoryRemovable singularity, a point at which a function is not defined but at which it can be so defined that it is continuous at the singularity Natural sciences[edit] Technology[edit] Literature[edit] Movies[edit]

Engineered Human Intestines Function Like the Real Thing in Mice Researchers have engineered small intestinal tissue from human cells, and when placed in mice, the transplants were able to digest and absorb like the real thing. The work, published in the American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology this week, could help treat one of the major causes of intestinal failure in premature babies and newborns. Previous studies by Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) researchers showed how tissue-engineered small intestine (TESI) could be generated from taking human small intestine donor tissue and then implanting it into immunocompromised mice. Now, CHLA’s Tracy Grikscheit and colleagues have found that mouse TESI is very similar to the TESI derived from human cells—and that both contain key building blocks such as the precursors (both stem and progenitor cells) that will go on to regenerate a living tissue replacement intestine. Read this next: World First: Scientists Observe DNA Shuttling Between Cells, Triggering Tumor Growth

The Venus Project untitled Singularity Weblog 9 Implants that make human healthy body even more useful Here’s a list of 9 ways you can modify your body to be even more useful, from bionic implants to portable power generators. 1. RFID Chips – A nice and easy way to start out with body hacking is to implant an RFID chip into you. An RFID chip is just a passive antenna that’s pre-configured to transmit a specific code when it’s brought near an RFID reader. Generally, RFID is used as a key of sorts; so for example, you can set up your computer or your phone to unlock only when you pick them up. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Source Am I a cyborg now? — Idea of the day 28 July 2012 Some time ago I've read about a guy that had a magnet implanted in the pinky finger. The author seems to have made the implant mostly for fun only later he discovered that it sometimes "ticks" in and gives a "sixth sense": When people discuss magnet implants giving a “sixth sense,” this is what they’re talking about. Later he discoverers more things about the environment: The best part of having the magnet implant was discovering invisible magnetic fields when I wasn’t actually looking. Having a sixth sense sounds exciting, but implanting a piece of metal in your body is quite invasive. Deciding that an implant may not be for me I started to wonder: why not to try "emulate" the thing? Tinkering mode: ON Devices that are used to detect magnetic fields are called magnetometers. Having previously played with Arduino I thought about building a very simple device that could be worn and would notify the user about magnetic field fluctuations. Hardware setup Magnetometer Arduino Buzzer

Artificial Intestines Near Reality : Discovery News A new artificial intestine developed in the lab could help people missing a piece of their gut. A tiny artificial intestine has been made in the lab using collagen and stem cells. Scientists are now "growing" an intestine on a larger tube structure. Their goal is to get this artificial intestine to clinical trials in three years. Science has given us working artificial hearts, hips, limbs and bladders, and even a trachea. But no one has successfully created an artificial intestine, until now. "We're going to be taking these and inserting them into animals to see if it actually works," said John March, an assistant professor of biological and environmental engineering at Cornell University who developed the artificial intestine structure. March is developing the artificial intestine with Dr. The small artificial intestine that they have produced is based on a tissue matrix that March originally constructed to see bio-engineered bacteria working in real time without having to kill a mouse.