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Blue Brain Project

Blue Brain Project
The Blue Brain Project is an attempt to create a synthetic brain by reverse-engineering the mammalian brain down to the molecular level. The aim of the project, founded in May 2005 by the Brain and Mind Institute of the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland, is to study the brain's architectural and functional principles. There are a number of sub-projects, including the Cajal Blue Brain, coordinated by the Supercomputing and Visualization Center of Madrid (CeSViMa), and others run by universities and independent laboratories. Goals[edit] Neocortical column modelling[edit] The initial goal of the project, completed in December 2006,[4] was the simulation of a rat neocortical column, which is considered by some researchers to be the smallest functional unit of the neocortex[5][6] (the part of the brain thought to be responsible for higher functions such as conscious thought). Progress[edit] By 2005 the first single cellular model was completed. Funding[edit]

Related:  New Brain Health

Artificial intelligence AI research is highly technical and specialized, and is deeply divided into subfields that often fail to communicate with each other.[5] Some of the division is due to social and cultural factors: subfields have grown up around particular institutions and the work of individual researchers. AI research is also divided by several technical issues. Some subfields focus on the solution of specific problems. Others focus on one of several possible approaches or on the use of a particular tool or towards the accomplishment of particular applications. The central problems (or goals) of AI research include reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, natural language processing (communication), perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects.[6] General intelligence is still among the field's long-term goals.[7] Currently popular approaches include statistical methods, computational intelligence and traditional symbolic AI. History[edit]

Paralysed woman's thoughts control robotic arm 16 December 2012Last updated at 22:14 ET By James Gallagher Health and science reporter, BBC News Unrivalled control of a robotic arm has been achieved using a paralysed woman's thoughts, a US study says. Jan Scheuermann, who is 53 and paralysed from the neck down, was able to deftly grasp and move a variety of objects just like a normal arm. Experts in the field said it was an "unprecedented performance" and a "remarkable achievement". Doctors track tapeworm’s wriggling, burrowing 4-year journey through UK man’s brain A 50-year-old man reported to British doctors in 2008 that he had been suffering from headaches, memory problems, strange olfactory hallucinations and seizures. For four years, his medical team struggled to find an answer before discovering that his brain was hosting a rare parasite. According to the Guardian, after a series of initial tests, doctors found an unidentified mass in the patient’s brain that appeared — after repeated scans — to be moving from one side of his head to the other. The mass was biopsied in a surgical procedure at Addenbrooke Hospital in Cambridge.

gazebo External Documentation This is primarily a third party wrapper package with external documentation. Core Gazebo-ROS Plugins In addition to including a stable version of Gazebo, this package package builds two core plugins for integrating Gazebo with ROS. Will we ever… have cyborg brains? After recent triumphs showing that implants could repair lost brain function, Martin W. Angler explores how soon we can use this technology for creating enhanced humans. For the first time in over 15 years, Cathy Hutchinson brought a coffee to her lips and smiled. Cathy had suffered from the paralysing effects of a stroke, but when neurosurgeons implanted tiny recording devices in her brain, she could use her thought patterns to guide a robot arm that delivered her hot drink. This week, it was reported that Jan Scheuermann, who is paralysed from the neck down, could grasp and move a variety of objects by controlling a robotic arm with her mind.

10 Surprising Facts About How Our Brain Works One of the things that surprises me time and time again is how we think our brains work and how they actually do. On many occasions I find myself convinced that there is a certain way to do things, only to find out that actually that’s the complete wrong way to think about it. For example, I always found it fairly understandable that we can multitask. Well, according to the latest research studies, it’s literally impossible for our brains to handle 2 tasks at the same time. Recently I came across more of these fascinating experiments and ideas that helped a ton to adjust my workflow towards how our brains actually work (instead of what I thought!).

ROS: stacks news Development on our OpenNI/ROS integration for the Kinect and PrimeSense Developers Kit 5.0 device continues as a fast pace. For those of you participating in the contest or otherwise hacking away, here's a summary of what's new. As always, contributions/patches are welcome. Driver Updates: Bayer Images, New point cloud and resolution options via dynamic_reconfigure Bionic arm restores sense of feeling 8 October 2014Last updated at 21:56 ET By James Gallagher Health editor, BBC News website Igor Spetic and his new prosthetic hand Advances in bionic hands have restored a sense of touch to two patients for more than a year, report US scientists. The men can now delicately pluck the stalks out of cherries. Current Biology - Separate Processing of Different Global-Motion Structures in Visual Cortex Is Revealed by fMRI Figure 1 A Schematic Description of the Motion Stimuli (A) The subjects viewed a radial-motion, translation-motion, or random-motion stimulus in 16 s epochs. The global-motion types were changed in a random order every 16 s. (B) The translation-motion display consisted of two sets of global motion. In one set, the motion directions of the dots were limited to a 45° range, whereas in the other set, the motion directions of the dots were limited to the opposite 45° range.

MORSE MORSE is an generic simulator for academic robotics. It focuses on realistic 3D simulation of small to large environments, indoor or outdoor, with one to tenths of autonomous robots. MORSE can be entirely controlled from the command-line.