Baikonur Cosmodrome Kazakhstan Baikonur CosmodromeBaikonur, Kazakhstan Buran on Pad at Baikonur Cosmodrome (NIIP-5/GIK-5) Credit: Dr.Vadim P.Lukashevich. Baikonur (Kazakh: Байқоңыр; Russian: Байконур), formerly known as Leninsk, is a city in Kyzylorda Province of Kazakhstan rented and administered by Russia. It was constructed to service the Baikonur Cosmodrome and was officially renamed Baikonur by Boris Yeltsin on December 20, 1995. The shape of the area rented is an ellipse, measuring 90 kilometres east to west, by 85 kilometres north to south, with the cosmodrome at the centre. The original Baikonur is a mining town a few hundred kilometres northeast, near Dzhezkazgan in Kazakhstan's Karagandy Province. The fortunes of the city have varied according to those of the Soviet/Russian space program and its Baikonur Cosmodrome. The Soviet government established the Nauchno-Issledovatel’skii Ispytatel’nyi Poligon N.5 (NIIIP-5), or Scientific-Research Test Range N.5 by its decree of 12 February 1955.
Tutorials/Mining Techniques See also: Digging In the world of Minecraft, mining is a Player's best friend. But one must not be a fool while mining! Below are some great tips provided by the community.  Choosing level to mine Levels <5: BedrockLevels <30 Lava, although Lava has been found elsewhere.Levels <14-5 Diamond and RedstoneLevels <30 Gold and Lapis LazuliLevels <60 Ironlevels <70 Coal Due to being the safest layer to mine at which also possesses all ores in reasonable quantities (especially diamond), Y-coordinate 11 (that's 12.620 eye level) is probably the best area in which to start mining.  Preparing yourself to mine Most players find it helpful to bring food, wood, coal, torches, a sword and a water bucket. If you keep losing your way, try marking your path with torches or a unique entity, such as signs or birch planks. Lava is dangerous, so remember to bring a water bucket when mining. Building a rail system allows the player to quickly shuttle his goods toward the surface.  Cave mining
Russia readies Tito's ride Russia readies Tito's rideBY ANATOLY ZAK in BaikonurSPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: April 25, 2001 Tito's rocket is readied in the Soyuz booster integration building at Baikonur. Photo: Anatoly Zak/Spaceflight Now Russian space officials gave a green light for the rollout of the booster rocket that will carry the Soyuz TM-32 spacecraft and space tourist Dennis Tito into orbit on Saturday. The State Commission gathered at Baikonur's Area 254 at around 6 p.m. local time to review the readiness of the spacecraft and approved the carrier rocket's move to the launch pad. Rollout of the rocket from the assembly building in Baikonur's Area 2 to the launch pad at Area 1 is expected to take place Thursday morning. Wednesday started in Baikonur with the traditional ceremony of the raising state flags of Russia, Kazakhstan and United States in front of the Baikonur hotel at Site 17. Meanwhile, at launch site the processing crew attached the Soyuz TM-32 spacecraft with its launch vehicle.
Ore A picture of every ore except emerald and nether quartz. All of the current ores. All of the current overworld ores including emerald ore and diamond ore. A vein of coal, and a vein of iron, both in a ravine. Ores like this can be hard to get to, due to the difficulty of climbing the ravine's wall. Ore is a block type in Minecraft.  Availability This graph shows the actual amount of ore found in a relatively small but untapped world. Ores extracted down to bedrock Ore density by quadrant before Beta 1.6 In Minecraft, the following is the distribution of ores according to the altitude (layers are number of blocks above the lowest layer of bedrock). ↑Unlike other ores, lapis lazuli's frequency peaks around layer 15, and slowly tapers off above and below. Redstone has the same layer and line-size statistics as Diamond, but is generated 8 times per chunk as opposed to 1.  Ore varieties  Finished raw materials  Craftable blocks  History  Video  Trivia
Facts and Figures Image above: The International Space Station's length and width is about the size of a football field. Credit: NASA › View hi-res image The International Space Station marked its 10th anniversary of continuous human occupation on Nov. 2, 2010. Since Expedition 1, which launched Oct. 31, 2000, and docked Nov. 2, the space station has been visited by 215 individuals. At the time of the anniversary, the station’s odometer read more than 1.5 billion statute miles (the equivalent of eight round trips to the Sun), over the course of 57,361 orbits around the Earth. The International Space Station is not only an orbiting laboratory, but also a space port for a variety of international spacecraft. 100 Russian launches37 Space Shuttle launches1 test flight and 3 operational flights by SpaceX’s Dragon1 test flight and 2 operational flight by Orbital Science’s Cygnus4 Japanese HTVs5 European ATVs Additional launches will continue to augment these facts and figures, so check back here for the latest.
Minecraft Wiki - The ultimate resource for all things Minecraft Take a Tour of the ISS with Suni Williams Take a Tour of the ISS with Suni Williams Harmony, Tranquility, Unity Expedition 33 Commander Suni Williams starts off her tour of the International Space Station with a look at its nodes -- Harmony, Tranquility and Unity -- which include the crew's sleeping quarters and hygiene station. Kibo, Columbus, Destiny Suni Williams continues the International Space Station tour with a look at the Destiny, Kibo and Columbus labs as well as the Quest airlock. Cupola and Leonardo Suni Williams continues the tour of the International Space Station with a look at the station's observation deck, the cupola, as well as the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device in the Tranquility node, before heading into the Leonardo Permanent Multi-Purpose Module. Russian Segment Expedition 33 Commander Suni Williams concludes her tour of the International Space Station with a visit to the Russian segment, which includes Zarya, the first segment of the station launched in 1998, and Zvezda, the central command post.
035e71_1692554.jpg (1500×1200) Baikonur Cosmodrome Baikonur Cosmodrome is the launch complex where Sputnik 1, Earth's first artificial satellite, was launched. Image at right: Launch Complex 333-L: Baikonur has two Proton launch complexes, one for international launches, and one for Russian military launches. Each launch complex consists of two launch pads. The rocket that lifted Yuri Gagarin, the first human in orbit, was also launched from Baikonur. All space station flights using Russian launch vehicles will be launched from Baikonur. The name Baikonur is misleading. Location The Baikonur Cosmodrome is located in the Republic of Kazakhstan, in a semi-arid zone. Map of Baikonur Cosmodrome Baikonur Cosmodrome | Gateway to Space | International Launch Services Launches of the Proton Breeze M launch vehicle are conducted from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Location The Baikonur Cosmodrome is located approximately 2,100 km (1,300 miles) southeast of Moscow. History Founded in 1955, the Baikonur Cosmodrome is one of the Russian Federation's two major space launch complexes. Baikonur is located in the Republic of Kazakhstan approximately 2100 kilometers from Moscow. On 2 June 2005, Baikonur celebrated its 50th year anniversary. Baikonur has been the site of some of the earliest achievements in space: The Russian government leases the land that the Baikonur Cosmodrome inhabits from the Kazakhstan government. Specifications Baikonur is a large Y-shaped complex, shown below, that extends about 160 kilometers (100 miles) east to west and 88 kilometers (55 miles) north to south. Two launch pads are available for commercial Proton missions. The spacecraft is transported to the Baikonur Cosmodrome by air and is offloaded at the on-site Yubileiny Airfield.
Baikonur Cosmodrome (NIIP-5/GIK-5) Virtual reality This unique panoramas were stitched out of some dozen images, providing a 360-degree view of the surrounding landscape in Baikonur Cosmodrome: Soyuz facilities: This magnificent view from a hill top in Baikonur in the early hours of April 26, 2001, as sun was rising in the east, right behind Site 1, better known as Gagarin's pad. The Vostok-1 spacecraft with the world's first space traveler was launched from there 40 years earlier. The Soyuz rocket processing facilities could be seen to the south and the Energia-Buran launch complex lay to the northwest. Click here to download a virtual reality file, (Quick Time VR), 724K Click here to download a low-resolution photographic composite, 2,000 x 120 pixels / 48K Energia-Buran facilities: The central region of the Baikonur Cosmodrome occupied by the Energia-Buran facilities.
Baikonur Cosmodrome Baikonur Location of Baikonur Cosmodrome Baikonur Cosmodrome (Russian: Космодро́м «Байкону́р» Kosmodrom Baykonur; Kazakh: Байқоңыр ғарыш айлағы Bayqoñır ğarïş aylağı) is the world's first and largest operational space launch facility. It is located in the desert steppe of Kazakhstan, about 200 kilometres (124 mi) east of the Aral Sea, north of the Syr Darya river, near Tyuratam railway station, at 90 meters above sea level. Both Vostok 1, the first manned spacecraft in human history, and before it, Sputnik 1, the world's first orbital spaceflight of any sort, were launched from one of Baikonur's launch pads, which is now known as Gagarin's Start, named after Yuri Gagarin. History Soviet era U-2 Photograph of R-7 Launch Pad in Tyura-Tam The Soviet government issued the decree for Scientific-Research Test Range No. 5 (NIIP-5; Russian: Nauchno-Issledovatel’skii Ispytatel’nyi Poligon N.5) on 12 February 1955. Name Environmental impact Importance Russian era
Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 31 After several years a new manned spaceflight was conducted from LC31. Soyuz TMA-06M was launched on 23 October 2012. See also Gagarin's Start References "Baikonur LC31". Literature «Korolev: Facts and myths» - J. Coordinates: