Alien world is blacker than coal Public release date: 11-Aug-2011 [ Print | E-mail Share ] [ Close Window ] Contact: Christine Pulliamcpulliam@cfa.harvard.edu 617-495-7463Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Astronomers have discovered the darkest known exoplanet - a distant, Jupiter-sized gas giant known as TrES-2b. Their measurements show that TrES-2b reflects less than one percent of the sunlight falling on it, making it blacker than coal or any planet or moon in our solar system. "TrES-2b is considerably less reflective than black acrylic paint, so it's truly an alien world," said astronomer David Kipping of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA), lead author on the paper reporting the research. In our solar system, Jupiter is swathed in bright clouds of ammonia that reflect more than a third of the sunlight reaching it. TrES-2b orbits its star at a distance of only three million miles. Kipping and Spiegel determined the reflectivity of TrES-2b using data from NASA's Kepler spacecraft.
Last speaker of language Any language is determined to be an extinct language when the last native or fluent speaker of that language dies. There are some 500 languages out of a total of 6,000 being classified as nearly extinct because "only a few elderly speakers are still living". Last known speakers of languages See also Notes Jump up ^ Believed to have been the last monoglot Cornish speaker, as opposed to other speakers such as Dolly Pentreath who could also speak English. References
Melencolia I The engraving measures 24 x 18.8 cm. Interpretations Detail of the magic square The work has been the subject of more modern interpretation than almost any other print, including a two-volume book by Peter-Klaus Schuster, and a very influential discussion in his Dürer monograph by Erwin Panofsky. Reproduction usually makes the image seem darker than it is in an original impression (copy) of the engraving, and in particular affects the facial expression of the female figure, which is rather more cheerful than in most reproductions. One interpretation suggests the image references the depressive or melancholy state and accordingly explains various elements of the picture. An autobiographical interpretation of Melencolia I has been suggested by several historians. Notes Jump up ^ "Melencolia I (Die Melancholie)" (in Deutsch). References Brion, Marcel. External links
English dialect vocabulary The Word Map Observing Lexical Variation All languages change over time and vary according to place and social setting. We can observe lexical variation - differences in words and phrases - by comparing the way English is spoken in different places and among different social groups. Despite the belief that dialect words are no longer very widely used, there remains a great deal of lexical diversity in the UK. Listen to these extracts of speakers using regionally specific vocabulary: meak, didle & crome: another skill, uh, when we used to clean the dykes out all by hand with the old meak and the old didle and crome — that‘s all lugging Show Commentary peevers but what, what do you remember playing as a child – as a child – hmm – eh, skipping ropes - oh yes – eh, peevers. nain I remember my nain – when I was about four – she couldn‘t speak a worl, word of English, always Welsh, Welsh, Welsh mistall and we‘d to get up and go down in – in wintertime – go down into the mistall we called it See Also
47 Mind-Blowing Psychology-Proven Facts You Should Know About Yourself I’ve decided to start a series called 100 Things You Should Know about People. As in: 100 things you should know if you are going to design an effective and persuasive website, web application or software application. Or maybe just 100 things that everyone should know about humans! The order that I’ll present these 100 things is going to be pretty random. Dr. <div class="slide-intro-bottom"><a href=" the largest whorfian study EVER! (and why it matters) Let me take the ball Mark Liberman threw on Monday and run with it a bit. Liberman posted a thorough discussion of Fausey and Broditsky's neo-Whorfian English and Spanish speakers remember causal agents differently. Specifically, he invited readers to carefully examine the methodology of the experiments themselves, and not just focus on the conclusions. Ways to go: Methodological considerations in Whorfian studies on motion events. This paper addressed experiments involving motion events like rolling and falling whereas Fausey and Broditsky's work addressed agentivity like breaking and popping, but there's enough overlap to warrant some comparison, particularly since the Bohnemeyer et al. paper specifically addresses methodology wrt Whorfian experiments. But before I get into the details, let me state clearly why I think this is important. Now the fun stuff. In this typology, English is a satellite-frame language and Spanish is a verb-frame language. [... (figure from page 7)
The Toughest Little Bird You've Never Heard Of : Krulwich Wonders... They're nothing to look at. They're not colorful. They seem so ordinary, in mottled brown, black and gray, if you noticed them at all, you'd think, "ah, just another shore bird, pecking at something in the water." But you'd be so wrong. Bar-tailed Godwits are special. Josh Kurz for NPR They are the only birds known to fly more than 7,000 miles nonstop, that means no food breaks, no water breaks, no sleep breaks, no pausing, just pushing through cyclones, storms, headwinds, flappity flap, flap for days and nights — and this is their championship season. As you read this, a bunch of Bar-tailed Godwits or Kuakas, as they're called in New Zealand, are hanging out in western Alaska, eating a rich medley of clams, worms, seeds and berries, guaranteed to add ounces to their slight frames (check our exclusive Kuaka Workout Program below). Then they wait. According to wildlife biologist Bob Gill and his colleagues at the U.S. Fighting The Winds Nobody Does It Better What a bird!
World's Loudest Animal is a Tiny Insect, Says Study Photo: DaveHuth / cc While normally a species measuring in at only around 2 millimeters in length might be easily overlooked, one tiny freshwater-dwelling critter has found a way to turn peoples' heads. Researchers studying 'water boatman' (Micronecta scholtzi), an aquatic insect native to Europe, say that the minuscule species takes the mantle as the world's loudest animal relative to its body size. The hard-to-see insect is capable of producing a song that reaches a whopping 99.2 decibles -- roughly the equivalent to the sound of a motorcycle. What may be more surprising, however, is just how water boatman make their 'song'.According to a report from the BBC, the team of French and Scottish scientists who made the discovery had a hard time believing that such a big sound could come from something so small. "When we identified without any doubt the sound source, we spent a lot of time making absolutely sure that our recordings of the sounds were calibrated correctly," researcher Dr.
American Ethnography Quasiweekly | The Perfect Whatever Drug I finally got around to trying heroin myself during the New York years I wrote about in Chapters Four and Five. A guy I’d helped out with a couple of phone calls asked me if I’d ever used it. No, I hadn’t. Wasn’t I curious? But I had to be careful, paranoid even. Imagine a field where the experts can only be terrified of or resentful towards the subject of their expertise. And – to be a little more practical about it all – God forbid I should give anyone the power to blow the whistle on me by actually taking illegal drugs in their presence. Dope Double Agent: The Naked Emperor on Drugs Michael Agar (Author) Lulu.com 2007 268 pages 9 x 5.8 x 0.8 inches $21.95 I took the risk anyway because I was curious about this chemical, the more so since I’d started working in New York. Two blocks from my apartment was a jazz club called Stryker’s. So I decided I’d snort some heroin and go hear Chet. I finished dressing and headed down to Strykers. What a great New York drug heroin was, I thought.
Edward Mordrake Edward Mordake was the name given to an apocryphal 19th century heir to an unspecified English peerage who was said to have suffered from a form of Diprosopus. According to sources, he had an extra face on the back of his head, which could neither eat nor speak out loudly, although it was described as being able to laugh and cry. Edward reportedly begged doctors to have his "demon face" removed, claiming that it whispered to him at night, but no doctor would attempt it. He committed suicide "in his 23rd year. The story has been disputed in the past and was likely enriched with fictional elements. The description of Edward Mordake's condition is somewhat similar to those of Chang Tzu Ping and Pasqual Pinon. The 1896 text Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine mentions a version of the story, and Edward has now been featured in many texts, plays, and songs.  Quote This is the story as told in Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine: In popular culture See also
Raëlism Raëlism , or the Raëlian Movement , is a UFO religion that was founded in 1974 by Claude Vorilhon , now known as Raël . It is numerically the world's second largest UFO religion, after Scientology . [ 2 ] An adherent of Raelism is a Raelian . The Raëlian Movement teaches that life on Earth was scientifically created by a species of extraterrestrials , which they call the Elohim . Members of this species appeared human and when having personal contacts with the descendants of the humans they made, they previously misinformed (on purpose) early humanity that they were angels , cherubim or gods . Raëlians believe messengers, or prophets, of the Elohim include Buddha , Jesus , and others [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] who informed humans of each era. [ 6 ] The founder of Raëlism, members claim, received the final message of the Elohim and that its purpose is to inform the world about Elohim and that if humans become aware and peaceful enough, they wish to be welcomed by them. [ edit ] History
The Greatest Mysteries of the Cosmos | Mercury and the Solar System | Messenger & Space Exploration | Life's Little Mysteries Each Friday this summer, Life's Little Mysteries, a sister site to LiveScience, presents The Greatest Mysteries of the Cosmos, starting with our solar system. Mercury, by virtue of being the closest planet to the sun, has been notoriously difficult to study over the centuries. Telescopes have to contend with the sun's glare, while space probes — pulled along by the sun's gravity — must burn a lot of fuel to slow down for more than just a fleeting zoom past the small planet. In fact, only two spacecraft have ever successfully visited Mercury: NASA's Mariner 10, back in the mid-70's, and now Messenger (MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging) which, after three flybys since 2008, finally settled into orbit around Mercury just this March. Why so dense? Mercury is the second-densest planet in the solar system, just a smidge less than Earth. Magnetic shield Ice, ice Mercury? Sun-blasted Mercury is hardly the place one might think to look for ice.
Hesitant Speech Helps Kids, Um, Learn Parents never want their tots to learn to fumble over words, but they need not worry about their own “uhs” and “ums”—such filled pauses may actually improve kids’ ability to pick up language. Such vocal hesitations, called disfluencies, tend to occur before we use a word that is infrequent or unfamiliar in our speech. They also precede words used for the first time in a conversation. Disfluencies keep adults tuned in and help them process the real words that come next. Even infants can distinguish between fluent and disfluent speech, research at Brown University has shown. In the study, kids aged 16 to 32 months sat on their parent’s lap in front of a computer monitor that showed images of paired objects, one recognizable (such as a ball) and one imaginary but equally colorful. The first time a pair appeared, a voice from the computer said, “I see the ball.” During this third step, sometimes the voice said simply, “Look!
Creation on Command Credit: Cauê Rangle Al Kooper didn’t know what to play. He’d told some half-truths to get into Bob Dylan’s recording session — the musicians were working on some song tentatively titled “Like A Rolling Stone” — and Kooper had been assigned the Hammond organ. There was only one problem: Kooper didn’t play the organ. The first takes were predictably terrible — Kooper was just trying not to get kicked out of the studio. There is something profoundly mysterious about this kind of creativity. But how does such an act of imagination happen? The first study, led by Charles Limb of the NIH and Johns Hopkins University, examined the brain activity of jazz musicians as they played on a piano. While the musicians riffed on the piano, giant magnets whirred overhead monitoring minor shifts in their brain activity. But it’s not enough to just unleash the mind — successful improv requires a very particular kind of expression.