Archdemon In Biblical tradition, an archdemon (also spelled archdaemon) is a spiritual entity, prominent in the infernal hierarchy as a leader of the infernal host. Essentially, the archdemons is the counterpart of the archangels. Archdemons are described as the leaders of demonic hosts, just as archangels lead choirs of angels. In the Occult tradition, there is controversy regarding which demons should be classed as archdemons. Historically, what an archdemon is and the names of those demons has varied greatly over time. Given that devils were rebellious angels who had fallen, they maintained their rank as ex-angels within their new roles. Some example archdemons over time include Adam Belial, Ashtaroth, Asmodeus and Lucifuge. Jump up ^ Theresa Bane, Encyclopedia of Demons, 2010
Weeden Island culture The Weeden Island Cultures are a group of related archaeological cultures that existed during the Late Woodland period of the North American Southeast. The name for this group of cultures was derived from the Weedon Island site (despite the dissimilar spellings) in Old Tampa Bay in Pinellas County. History Weeden Island cultures are defined by ceramics, which fall into two categories, sometimes called secular and sacred. The Weedon Island site was excavated by Smithsonian Institution archaeologist J. Geographic and temporal variants Several attempts have been made to segregate Weeden Island components into chronological phases based on temporal changes in settlement patterns, artifact assemblage, and ceremonial activities, all of which recognize an inherent distinction between the material culture of earlier and later Weedon Island manifestations. "The social organization characteristic of ... North peninsular Gulf coast region McKeithen Weeden Island culture
The Grigori The Watchers The Lord spoke: "Have no fear, Enoch, good man and scribe of goodness. Come hear my voice. Go speak to the Watchers of Heaven, who have sent you to intercede for them. (1 Enoch) In the early days after the Fall, before the demons had escaped from Hell and before the War had begun in earnest, the Seraphim Council debated long and long about how best to safeguard humanity. Seemingly in answer, God created the Grigori, the Eight Choir. The Grigori were truly the most "human" of angels. The Grigori were also the only angels who really felt comfortable on Earth, and who didn't mind staying there. It made them very, very effective at their jobs. The "Second Fall" In 11,600 B.C., it came to the attention of Heaven that the Grigori had become entirely too human; they had taken wives, started families, and some were even succumbing to debauchery, immersing themselves in corporeal pleasures. The Grigori Today No one knows how many Grigori are still alive. Resonance Dissonance Blandine Eli
Welsh Dragon This article is about a part of the Welsh flag. For the snooker player with the same nickname, see Matthew Stevens. Y Ddraig Goch Coat of arms of Henry VII, showing a Welsh Dragon as a supporter on the Royal arms of England Welsh Dragon motif of Felinfoel Brewery The Welsh Dragon – Welsh: Y Ddraig Goch ("the red dragon") pronounced [ə ˈðraiɡ ˈɡoːχ] – appears on the national flag of Wales. History Mabinogion In the Mabinogion story Lludd and Llefelys, the red dragon fights with an invading White Dragon. Historia Brittonum The same story is repeated in Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain, where the red dragon is also a prophecy of the coming of King Arthur. Henry VII Henry Tudor flew the red dragon of Cadwaladr ap Cadwallon as his banner, overlaid on a green and white field representing the Tudor House, when he marched through Wales on his way to Bosworth Field. Royal Badge The 1953 Royal Badge of Wales In popular culture References
The Grigori - Angelic Watchers The Grigori (from Greek egrgoroi, "The Watchers") are, in one popular version, a group of fallen angels described in Biblical apocrypha who mated with mortal women, giving rise to a race of hybrids known as the Nephilim, who are described as giants in Genesis 6:4. A different idea of the Grigori appears in some traditions of Italian witchcraft where the Grigori are said to come from ancient stellar lore. References to angelic Grigori appear in the books of Enoch and Jubilees. In Hebrew they are known as the Irin, "Watchers," found mentioned in the Old Testament Book of Daniel (chapter 4). According to the Book of Enoch, the Grigori numbered a total of 200 but only their leaders are named: "These are the names of their chiefs: Samyaza, who was their leader, Urakabarameel, Akibeel, Tamiel, Ramuel, Danel, Azkeel, Saraknyal, Asael, Armers, Batraal, Anane, Zavebe, Samsaveel, Ertael, Turel, Yomyael, Azazyel (also known as Azazel). The Watchers story in Enoch is derived from Genesis chapter 6.
West African Vodun Theology and practice Vodun cosmology centers around the vodun spirits and other elements of divine essence that govern the Earth, a hierarchy that range in power from major deities governing the forces of nature and human society to the spirits of individual streams, trees, and rocks, as well as dozens of ethnic vodun, defenders of a certain clan, tribe, or nation. The vodun are the centre of religious life, similarly in many ways to doctrines such as the intercession of saints and angels that made Vodun appear compatible with Christianity, especially Catholicism, and produced syncretic religions such as Haitian Vodou. Adherents also emphasize ancestor worship and hold that the spirits of the dead live side by side with the world of the living, each family of spirits having its own female priesthood, sometimes hereditary when is from mother to blood daughter. Patterns of worship follow various dialects, gods, practices, songs and rituals. Priests Relationship to Bò
Demon In Ancient Near Eastern religions as well as in the Abrahamic traditions, including ancient and medieval Christian demonology, a demon is considered an unclean spirit, sometimes a fallen angel, the spirit of a deceased human, or a spirit of unknown type which may cause demonic possession, calling for an exorcism. In Western occultism and Renaissance magic, which grew out of an amalgamation of Greco-Roman magic, Jewish demonology and Christian tradition, a demon is a spiritual entity that may be conjured and controlled. Terminology The Greek term does not have any connotations of evil or malevolence. The supposed existence of demons remains an important concept in many modern religions and occultist traditions. Psychological archetype Psychologist Wilhelm Wundt remarked that "among the activities attributed by myths all over the world to demons, the harmful predominate, so that in popular belief bad demons are clearly older than good ones M. By tradition Judaism
Wari ruins The Wari Ruins are located near Quinua, in the Huanta Province, Ayacucho Region, Peru at an altitude 2770 m above sea-level. These ruins are all that is left of Wari, the capital city of the Wari (hispanicized Huari). This capital city covers some 16 square kilometers, and the architecture is aligned to conform to the local topography. This was a highly organized city with residential, administrative, and religious areas. Other sites where Wari ruins were discovered are at Pikillaqta near Cuzco, Peru, and the recently discovered (2008) Northern Wari ruins near the city of Chiclayo. A tomb at the Wari ruins. See also References Wendell C. External links
Metatron Origins The identification of Metatron with Enoch is not explicitly made in the Talmud although it does reference a Prince of the World who was young but now is old. However, some of the earliest kabbalists assumed the connection. There also seems to be two Metatrons, one spelled with six letters (מטטרון), and one spelled with seven (מיטטרון). Talmud The Talmud relates that Elisha ben Abuyah (a rabbi and Jewish religious authority born in Jerusalem sometime before 70 CE), also called Acher (אחר, "other", as he became an apostate), entered Paradise and saw Metatron sitting down (an action that is not done in the presence of God). The Talmud states, it was proved to Elisha that Metatron could not be a second deity by the fact that Metatron received 60 "strokes with fiery rods" to demonstrate that Metatron was not a god, but an angel, and could be punished. The Babylonian Talmud mentions Metatron in two other places: Sanhedrin 38b and Avodah Zarah 3b. Etymology
Western Mexico shaft tomb tradition A Nayarit tableau showing a multi-layered tree with birds. It has been proposed that the birds represent souls who have not yet descended into the underworld, while the central tree may represent the Mesoamerican world tree. The Western Mexico shaft tomb tradition or shaft tomb culture refers to a set of interlocked cultural traits found in the western Mexican states of Jalisco, Nayarit, and, to a lesser extent, Colima to its south, roughly dating to the period between 300 BCE and 400 CE, although there is not wide agreement on this end-date. Nearly all of the artifacts associated with this shaft tomb tradition have been discovered by looters and are without provenance, making dating problematic. The first major undisturbed shaft tomb associated with the tradition was not discovered until 1993, at Huitzilapa, Jalisco. Description Western Mexico archaeological sites. Ceramic figurines and tableaus Styles The major stylistic groups include: Subject matter
Satan Satan (Hebrew: שָּׂטָן satan, "adversary,") is a term, later a character appearing in the texts of the Abrahamic religions who personifies evil and temptation, and is known as the deceiver that leads humanity astray. The term is often applied to an angel who fell out of favor with God, seducing humanity into the ways of sin, and who now rules over the fallen world. Satan is primarily understood as an "accuser" or "adversary" in the Hebrew Bible, and is not necessarily the personification of evil that he would become in later Abrahamic religions. Judaism Hebrew Bible The original Hebrew term, satan, is a noun from a verb meaning primarily to, “obstruct, oppose,” as it is found in Numbers 22:22, 1 Samuel 29:4, Psalms 109:6. Ha-Satan is traditionally translated as “the accuser,” or “the adversary.” Thirteen occurrences Ha-Satan with the definite article occurs 13 times in the Masoretic Text, in two books of the Hebrew Bible: Job ch.1–2 (10x),Zechariah 3:1–2 (3x). Book of Job
White dragon The white dragon is symbol associated in Welsh mythology with the Anglo-saxons . [ 1 ] [ edit ] Origin of Tradition In Welsh legend , the white dragon was one of two warring dragons who represented the ongoing war between the English and the Welsh . The white dragon represented England , as opposed to the red dragon of Wales . [ 2 ] The battle between the two dragons is the second plague to strike the Island of Britain in the mediaeval romance of Lludd and Llefelys . The ultimate source for the symbolism of white dragons in England would appear to be Geoffrey of Monmouth ’s fictional History of the Kings of Britain (c. 1136), where an incident occurs in the life of Merlin in which a red dragon is seen fighting a white dragon which it overcomes. Sutton Hoo helmet contains between eyebrows a gilded dragon-head [ 5 ] [ edit ] Historical use of a dragon as a symbol of the Anglo-Saxons There are a number of associations of a dragon with the Anglo-Saxons. [ edit ] Modern Usage [ edit ] See also
Sandalphon Sandalphon (Hebrew: סָנְדַלְפוֹן; Greek: Σανδαλφών) is an archangel in Jewish and Christian writings. Sandalphon figures prominently in the mystical literary traditions of Rabbinic Judaism and early Christianity, notably in the Midrash, Talmud, and Kabbalah. Origin Meaning of name The name Sandalphon, the protector of unborn children. Descriptions and functions Physical descriptions of Sandalphon vary depending on the source. The ancient sages also referred to him by the name Ophan (Hebrew for "wheel"), a reference to the "wheel within the wheel" from Ezekiel's vision of the merkabah (heavenly chariot) in Ezekiel chapter 1. Sandalphon is also said to be instrumental in bringing about the differentiation of sex in the embryo. In Kabbalah, Sandalphon is the angel who represents the sephirah of Malkhut and overlaps (or is confused with) the angel Metatron. References
Wari culture Huari earthenware pot with painted design, 650-800 CE (Middle Horizon) Wari Tunic, Peru, 750-950 CE. This tunic is made of 120 separate small pieces of cloth, each individually tie-dyed. Ceramics of the period depict high-status men wearing this style of tunic. Monoliths Wari Wari funeral bundle Pikillaqta administrative center, built by the Wari civilization in Cusco The Wari (Spanish: Huari) were a Middle Horizon civilization that flourished in the south-central Andes and coastal area of modern-day Peru, from about AD 500 to 1000. (The Wari culture is not to be confused with the modern ethnic group and language known as Wari', with which it has no known link.) Wari, as the former capital city was called, is located 11 km (6.8 mi) north-east of the modern city of Ayacucho, Peru. Little is known about the details of the Wari administrative structure, as they did not appear to use a form of written record. See also References Additional reading Collier, Simon et al.