Execution van The execution van, also called a mobile execution unit, was developed by the government of the People's Republic of China and were first used in 1997. There is evidence that mobile execution chambers existed before 1997: the state of Delaware in the United States of America purchased a mobile lethal-injection chamber in 1986. The prisoner is strapped to a stretcher and killed inside the van. The van allows death sentences to be carried out without moving the prisoner to an execution ground. The vans also require less manpower per execution, requiring four persons to assist with the injection. The PRC states that the vans are more humane than previous forms of execution. Human-rights groups predict that the execution rate in China will increase because of mobile capital punishment. Use After the 1997 decision to legalize lethal injection as a form of execution, PRC officials began using execution vans across China. Controversy Notable executions See also
Incarceration in the United States Sentenced USA prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities, as a Percent of Population. 1925–2003. Does not include prisoners held in the custody of local jails, inmates out to court, and those in transit. 6,977,700 adults were under correctional supervision (probation, parole, jail, or prison) in 2009. A graph showing the incarceration rate under state and federal jurisdiction per 100,000 population 1925–2008. Does not include prisoners held in the custody of local jails, inmates out to court, and those in transit. The male incarceration rate is roughly 15 times the female incarceration rate. Inmates held in custody in state or federal prisons or in local jails, December 31, 2000, and 2009–2010. According to the U.S. In addition, there were 70,792 juveniles in juvenile detention in 2010. Although debtor's prisons no longer exist in the United States, residents of some U.S. states can still be incarcerated for debt as of 2014.
Videos - FORA.tv - Ethan Watters: The Globalization of the American Psyche Bio Todd Oppenheimer Todd Oppenheimer works as a journalist at The Writers' Grotto. During his 25 years as a journalist, Oppenheimer has won a variety of national awards for his writing and investigative reporting and has appeared on numerous radio and television programs, including ABC's "Nightline." His articles have appeared in The New Yorker, Newsweek, The Atlantic Monthly, The Washington Post, Columbia Journalism Review, Mother Jones, and an assortment of daily and weekly newspapers. He is the author of The Flickering Mind: Saving Education from the False Promise of Technology, a finalist for the Investigative Reporters and Editors Book Award. Ethan Watters Ethan Watters is the author of Urban Tribes, an examination of the mores of affluent "never marrieds" and the coauthor of Making Monsters, a groundbreaking indictment of the recovered memory movement. To download this program become a Front Row member. ZOOM IN: Learn more with related books and additional materials. globalization
The Prison Industry in the United States: Big Business or a New Form of Slavery? Human rights organizations, as well as political and social ones, are condemning what they are calling a new form of inhumane exploitation in the United States, where they say a prison population of up to 2 million – mostly Black and Hispanic – are working for various industries for a pittance. For the tycoons who have invested in the prison industry, it has been like finding a pot of gold. They don’t have to worry about strikes or paying unemployment insurance, vacations or comp time. All of their workers are full-time, and never arrive late or are absent because of family problems; moreover, if they don’t like the pay of 25 cents an hour and refuse to work, they are locked up in isolation cells. There are approximately 2 million inmates in state, federal and private prisons throughout the country. What has happened over the last 10 years? “The private contracting of prisoners for work fosters incentives to lock people up. . . . Prison labor has its roots in slavery. Who is investing?
I Want To Learn Game Theory : IWantToLearn The Dirty Thirty: Nothing to Celebrate About 30 Years of Corrections Corporation of America | Grassroots Leadership Corrections Corporation of America (CCA), the nation’s oldest and largest for-profit private prison corporation, is commemorating its 30th anniversary throughout 2013 with a series of birthday celebrations at its facilities around the country. Over the last 30 years, CCA has benefited from the dramatic rise in incarceration and detention in the United States. Since the company’s founding in 1983, the incarcerated population has risen by more than 500 percent to more than 2.2 million people. Meanwhile, the number of people held in immigration detention centers has exploded from an average daily population of 131 people to over 32,000 people on any given day. CCA has made profits from, and at times contributed to, the expansion of tough-on-crime and anti-immigrant policies that have driven prison expansion. This report highlights only 30 incidents in the company’s history, but could have been much more expansive. Acknowledgments 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
IWTL Hot to Shuffle Dance : IWantToLearn Private prison A private prison or for-profit prison, jail, or detention center is a place in which individuals are physically confined or interned by a third party that is contracted by a government agency. Private prison companies typically enter into contractual agreements with governments that commit prisoners and then pay a per diem or monthly rate for each prisoner confined in the facility. Today, the privatization of prisons refers both to the takeover of existing public facilities by private operators and to the building and operation of new and additional prisons by for-profit prison companies. Private prisons in the United Kingdom Development Privately run prisons are run under contracts which set out the standards that must be met. A competition is in progress to run 9 prisons in England and Wales. Private prisons in the United States Early history The partial transfer of San Quentin prison administration from private to public did not mark the end of privatization.
Classical Rhetoric 101: The Five Canons of Rhetoric- Memory Welcome back to our series on Classical Rhetoric. Today we’re continuing our five-part segment on the Five Canons of Rhetoric. So far we’ve covered the canons of invention, arrangement, and style. The Three Elements of the Canon of Memory 1. Anciently, almost all rhetorical communication was done orally in the public forum. If men learn this, [the art of writing] it will implant forgetfulness in their souls: they will cease to exercise memory because they rely on that which is written, calling things to remembrance no longer from within themselves. So if you were an ancient Greek and busted out some speech notes in the Assembly, you’d probably be laughed at and mocked as weak-minded. In modern times, we still lend more credence to speakers who give their speeches (or at least appear to) from memory. This truth isn’t just limited to the POTUS. 2. For ancient orators, the rhetorical canon of memory wasn’t just about the importance of giving speeches extemporaneously. 3. Tagged as: rhetoric
Corrections Corporation of America Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) is a company that owns and manages private prisons and detention centers and operates others on a concession basis. The company is the largest private corrections company in the United States and manages more than 67 facilities with a designed capacity of 92,500 beds. CCA, incorporated in 1983 by three businessmen with experience in government and corrections, is based in Nashville, Tennessee. Controversies involving the company include: treatment of inmates and disclosure of oversight, lobbying efforts to conceal details of operations, a lawsuit about gang influence in Idaho prison and substantial falsification of records, co-operation with local law enforcement in a school drug sweep, and the deadly 2012 riot in a Mississippi facility. History Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) was founded on January 28, 1983, by Tom Beasley, Doctor Robert Crants and T. The Leavenworth Detention Center, operated for the U.S. Overview
Classical Rhetoric 101: The Five Canons of Rhetoric-Style Welcome back to our series on Classical Rhetoric. Today we’re continuing our five-part segment on the Five Canons of Rhetoric. So far we’ve covered the canons of invention and arrangement. As a quick review, the canon of invention is about brainstorming ideas for your speech or writing, and arrangement is about organizing your speech or text to ensure maximum persuasion. Today we’re discussing the canon of style. Let’s begin. What Is Style? When people write memos or give persuasive speeches, the focus is usually on what they’re going to write or say. A mentor of mine gave me a great object lesson on the importance of style when crafting a message. The other was a medium-sized box, wrapped with handsome looking wrapping paper and topped with a giant green bow. “Pick which present you’d like.” I picked the nicely wrapped present partly because I had an idea of what he was trying to teach me and wanted to play along, and partly because I just liked how it looked. The lesson was obvious. 1.