Hiroshima Hiroshima (広島市, Hiroshima-shi?) ( listen ) is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu, the largest island of Japan. It is best known as the first city in history to be targeted by a nuclear weapon when the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dropped an atomic bomb on it at 8:15 a.m. on August 6, 1945, near the end of World War II. The city's name, 広島, means "Wide Island" in Japanese. Hiroshima gained city status on April 1, 1889. On April 1, 1980, Hiroshima became a designated city. History Sengoku period (1589–1871) Hiroshima was founded on the river delta coastline of the Seto Inland Sea in 1589 by the powerful warlord Mōri Terumoto, who made it his capital after leaving Kōriyama Castle in Aki Province. Hiroshima Castle was quickly built, and in 1593 Terumoto moved in. Imperial period (1871–1939) Hiroshima Commercial Museum 1915 Map of Hiroshima City in the 1930s (Japanese edition) Geography
Good afternoon world/ Guten Tag Welt I had planned to tell you about the Independent Foreign Fiction Prize Readers Day today but my mind is still sleeping somehow and writing the blog post just dragged along today. I still have to do the German translation so I decided to leave the post for tomorrow which gives me the advantage that I can also write about the winner which will be announced tonight. I can't wait to find out. For today I wish all of you a mysterious and successful week and hope to hear from you one way or the other. Keith Harris speaking about the Hepworth Reading Groups experience of shadowing the Independent Foreign Fiction Prize photo credit: me, myself and I Achtung der Link in diesem Beitrag ist in englischer Sprache Ich hatte mir vorgenommen heute ueber den Independent Foreign Fiction Prize Readers Day zu schreiben aber irgendwie scheint mein Gehirn immer noch zu schlafen und mein Schreiben hat sich nur so vor sich hingeschleppt.
Jonestown Coordinates: Jonestown Georgetown Kaituma Peoples Temple Agricultural Project ("Jonestown", Guyana) "Jonestown" was the informal name for the Peoples Temple Agricultural Project formed by the Peoples Temple, an American religious organization under the leadership of Jim Jones, in northwestern Guyana. A total of 909 Americans died in Jonestown, all but two from apparent cyanide poisoning, in an event termed "revolutionary suicide" by Jones and some members on an audio tape of the event and in prior discussions. The actions in Jonestown have been commonly viewed as mass suicide, although some sources, including Jonestown survivors, regard them as mass murder instead. It was the largest such event in modern history and resulted in the largest single loss of American civilian life in a deliberate act until September 11, 2001. In recent years, the Jonestown massacre has been the subject of several conspiracy theories. Origins Some of the Peoples Temple California locations
BBC ON THIS DAY | 9 | 1945: Atom bomb hits Nagasaki 1945: Atom bomb hits Nagasaki American forces have dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki - the second such attack on Japan in three days. The bomb was dropped by parachute from an American B29 Bomber at 1102 local time. It exploded about 1,625 ft (500m) above the ground and is believed to have completely destroyed the city, which is situated on the western side of the Japanese island of Kyushu. In a statement issued from Guam, General Carl A Spaatz, Commander of the US Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific, said: "The second use of the atomic bomb occurred at noon, August 9, at Nagasaki. "Crew members report good results. Important port American airmen flying many miles from Nagasaki have said smoke from fires in the city was rising 50,000ft (15,240m). Nagasaki is one of Japan's most important ports providing vital access to and from Shanghai. Three days ago a similar device was dropped on the city of Hiroshima on Japan's largest island, Honshu.
Nagasaki Nagasaki (長崎市, Nagasaki-shi?) ( During World War II, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki made Nagasaki the second and, to date, last city in the world to experience a nuclear attack. As of January 1, 2009, the city has an estimated population of 446,007 and a population density of 1,100 persons per km². History Medieval and early modern eras A small fishing village secluded by harbours, Nagasaki had little historical significance until contact with Portuguese explorers in 1543. Soon after Portuguese ships started sailing to Japan as regular trade freighters, thus increasing the contact and trade relations between Japan and the rest of the world, and particularly with mainland China, with whom Japan had previously severed its commercial and political ties, mainly due to a number of incidents involving Wokou piracy in the South China Sea, with the Portuguese now serving as intermediaries between the two Asian countries. Plan of Nagasaki, Hizen province
JukePop: Metallic Criminology: A faint glimmer of metal by Stuart Bedlam "It all begin with a turn of a screw," said the olive-colored man. Atop his platform, the dark-skinned speaker continued with his nonsensical theories to the audience below, twisting his neck, and causing it to crack and pop as if his entire head were about to fall apart in chunks. This he followed with a few, albeit transparent, suicide threats. In all his years of public speaking, Fanzer Stip had learned to employ a variety of devices to either keep his audiences awake, or from walking away in boredom. A multi-popping neck crack usually got their attention, but a good suicide attempt kept them captivated for several minutes. "And because of the fatty acid build-up," went the theory still, "so common in the structure of the human body, the metallic devils are able to remain hidden to make evil in relative privacy." "AND THE FUNGI COUNT THIS EVENING," the bio zone engineer rattled on, "WILL RANGE IN THE TOP QUARTERS, BEATING LAST WEEK'S RECORD..."
NKVD prisoner massacres Process With the invasion of Russia by German forces, the NKVD was responsible for evacuating prisons in the occupied regions. More than 140,000 prisoners were successfully evacuated by the NKVD. More than 9,800 were reportedly executed in the prisons, 1,443 were executed in the process of evacuation, 59 were killed for attempting to escape, 23 were killed by German bombs, and 1057 died from other causes. The massacres The NKVD and the Red Army killed prisoners in many places from Poland (e.g. Entrance to memorial in Piatykhatky Katyn-Kharkiv memorial Belarus Hrodna (Grodno): on June 22, the NKVD executed several dozen people at the local prison. Estonia Tartu: on July 9, 1941, almost 250 detainees were shot in Tartu prison and the Gray House courtyard; their bodies were dumped in makeshift graves and in the prison well.Kautla massacre: on July 24, 1941 the Red Army killed more than 20 civilians and burnt their farms. Latvia Lithuania Poland
BBC ON THIS DAY | 6 | 1945: US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima 1945: US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima The first atomic bomb has been dropped by a United States aircraft on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. President Harry S Truman, announcing the news from the cruiser, USS Augusta, in the mid-Atlantic, said the device was more than 2,000 times more powerful than the largest bomb used to date. An accurate assessment of the damage caused has so far been impossible due to a huge cloud of impenetrable dust covering the target. The bomb was dropped from an American B-29 Superfortress, known as Enola Gay, at 0815 local time. The President said the atomic bomb heralded the "harnessing of the basic power of the universe". President Truman went on to warn the Japanese the Allies would completely destroy their capacity to make war. The Potsdam declaration issued 10 days ago, which called for the unconditional surrender of Japan, was a last chance for the country to avoid utter destruction, the President said.
Operation Downfall Operation Downfall was the codename for the Allied plan for the invasion of Japan near the end of World War II. The planned operation was abandoned when Japan surrendered following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The operation had two parts: Operation Olympic and Operation Coronet. Set to begin in October 1945, Operation Olympic was intended to capture the southern third of the southernmost main Japanese island, Kyūshū, with the recently captured island of Okinawa to be used as a staging area. Japan's geography made this invasion plan quite obvious to the Japanese as well; they were able to predict the Allied invasion plans accurately and thus adjust their defensive plan, Operation Ketsugō, accordingly. §Planning Throughout the Pacific War, the Allies were unable to agree on a single Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C). §Considerations The US Navy urged the use of blockade and airpower to bring about Japan's capitulation. §Assumptions §Olympic §Coronet
Programs Like ThriveNYC Show What Roles Cities and Local Governments Can Play in Addressing the Global Mental Health Crisis The advertisements on public transportation don’t usually warrant a second glance, let alone a conversation. But on the New York subway last week, a new series of banners went up, asking people to start talking. “Depression doesn’t define me,” one reads. Another one: “Addiction can affect anyone and is treatable.” At the bottom of all of them is this line: “Let’s talk openly about mental health issues. These notices come not from a special-interest group or a medical institution, but from the City of New York. The ThriveNYC campaign coincides with a growing worldwide recognition that mental health concerns must be addressed. ThriveNYC was featured at the conference alongside 20 other innovative mental health programs from around the world, like the Africa Mental Health Foundation and Mental Health Beyond Facilities in Nepal, Uganda, and Liberia. In many ways, it makes sense for New York to do so. Traditional mental health care is what ThriveNYC aims to revolutionize.
Oklahoma City bombing The Oklahoma City bombing was a domestic terrorist bomb attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995. It remained the most destructive act of terrorism committed in the United States until the September 11 attacks of 2001. The bombing killed 168 people and injured more than 680 others. The blast destroyed or damaged 324 buildings within a 16-block radius, destroyed or burned 86 cars, and shattered glass in 258 nearby buildings, causing at least an estimated $652 million worth of damage. Extensive rescue efforts were undertaken by local, state, federal, and worldwide agencies in the wake of the bombing, and substantial donations were received from across the country. Planning Motivation McVeigh and Nichols cited the federal government's actions against the Branch Davidian compound in the 1993 Waco Siege (shown above) as a reason they perpetrated the Oklahoma City bombing. Target selection Alfred P. Bombing