Hinduism | Origin, History, Beliefs, The term Hinduism became familiar as a designator of religious ideas and practices distinctive to India with the publication of books such as Hinduism (1877) by Sir Monier Monier-Williams, the notable Oxford scholar and author of an influential Sanskrit dictionary. Initially it was an outsiders’ term, building on centuries-old usages of the word Hindu. Early travelers to the Indus valley, beginning with the Greeks and Persians, spoke of its inhabitants as “Hindu” (Greek: ‘indoi), and, in the 16th century, residents of India themselves began very slowly to employ the term to distinguish themselves from the Turks. Since the late 19th century, Hindus have reacted to the term Hinduism in several ways. Get unlimited ad-free access to all Britannica’s trusted content. Since the early 20th century, textbooks on Hinduism have been written by Hindus themselves, often under the rubric of sanatana dharma.
Hinduism for Beginners - What is Hinduism? If you're new to this faith, here's where to begin. In this simple introduction to a complex religion, get your basic questions on Hinduism answered and explained in brief. What is Hinduism? Hinduism is the world's oldest extant religion, with a billion followers, which makes it the world's third largest religion. Read More: How do you define Hinduism? How is Hinduism unique from other religions? Hinduism cannot be neatly slotted into any particular belief system. Read More: The Uniqueness of Hinduism How and when did Hinduism originate? Hinduism has its origins in such remote past that it cannot be traced to any one individual. Read More: Theories About the Origin of Hinduism What are the basic tenets of Hinduism? There is no “one Hinduism”, and so it lacks any unified system of beliefs and ideas. Dharma (ethics and duties)Samsara (rebirth)Karma (right action)Moksha (liberation from the cycle of Samsara) Read More: The Main Tenets of Hinduism What are the key Hindu scriptures?
Religion There were a great many different religions followed in the ancient and medieval time periods. Some of them are still practiced today; others are not. It is hard even to know what religion is, but we see religion as any tendency to change your own behavior in accordance with supernatural forces. Most people in the ancient and medieval world believed that there were many unseen spirits affecting how things happened. But, beginning about 1350 BC in Egypt, there was a movement toward monotheism, or just believing in one god (often with a lot of weaker helper gods or angels). Around the same time, Zoroastrianism swept West Asia with the same idea, adding a strong notion of dualism, with the world divided into good and evil. Five hundred years later, about 500 BC, Buddhism swept India. In the first century AD, Christianity began to spread monotheism to the Mediterranean and Europe, although Judaism suffered from the Roman conquest of Jerusalem. Welcome to Kidipede! or
Nepalin joukkoteurastus raivostutti eläintensuojelijat - Ulkomaat Nepalissa on teurastettu jopa satojatuhansia eläimiä kaksi päivää kestäneessä hindujen uskonnollisessa juhlassa. Vajaat 20 000 puhvelia uhrattiin Gadhimai-jumalattarelle eilen, ja "lukemattomien" vuohien sekä kyyhkysten, kukkojen ja muiden lintujen uhraaminen jatkui tänään. Kyseessä on tiettävästi suurin yksittäinen eläinten uhraus maailmassa. Etelä-Nepalissa viiden vuoden välein vietettävä juhla on saanut eläintensuojelijat raivostumaan. Juhla järjestetään vallan jumalattarelle Gadhimaille pyhitetyssä temppelissä Etelä-Nepalissa. Intialainen viljelijä Chanchal Shah saapui kymmenien sukulaisten kanssa uhraamaan puhvelin tyttärenpojan syntymän kunniaksi. – Lupasin uhrata eläimen, kun tytär saa ensimmäisen lapsensa.
Hinduism Hinduism is the world’s oldest religion, according to many scholars, with roots and customs dating back more than 4,000 years. Today, with about 900 million followers, Hinduism is the third-largest religion behind Christianity and Islam. Roughly 95 percent of the world’s Hindus live in India. Because the religion has no specific founder, it’s difficult to trace its origins and history. Hinduism is unique in that it’s not a single religion but a compilation of many traditions and philosophies. Hinduism Beliefs Some basic Hindu concepts include: Hinduism embraces many religious ideas. Hinduism Symbols There are two primary symbols associated with Hinduism, the om and the swastika. The om symbol is composed of three Sanskrit letters and represents three sounds (a, u and m), which when combined are considered a sacred sound. Hinduism Holy Books Hindus value many sacred writings as opposed to one holy book. The primary sacred texts, known as the Vedas, were composed around 1500 B.C. Hinduism vs.
Hinduism | religion Hinduism, major world religion originating on the Indian subcontinent and comprising several and varied systems of philosophy, belief, and ritual. Although the name Hinduism is relatively new, having been coined by British writers in the first decades of the 19th century, it refers to a rich cumulative tradition of texts and practices, some of which date to the 2nd millennium bce or possibly earlier. If the Indus valley civilization (3rd–2nd millennium bce) was the earliest source of these traditions, as some scholars hold, then Hinduism is the oldest living religion on Earth. Its many sacred texts in Sanskrit and vernacular languages served as a vehicle for spreading the religion to other parts of the world, though ritual and the visual and performing arts also played a significant role in its transmission. From about the 4th century ce, Hinduism had a dominant presence in Southeast Asia, one that would last for more than 1,000 years. Introduction The term Hinduism Doctrine
Kids :: World Religions There is special information and activities contained within for teachers. Teachers please visit our Activities section. What is religion? What is a spiritual tradition? Religion is all or some of the attributes described below. a way of explaining the mysteries of life how the world was created why it was created why there is life and death what happens when people die why there is suffering a way of explaining a supreme power or absolute power, whether impersonal or personal, nameable or not a way of explaining who or what created the world and all the living beings a way of describing a dimension beyond the physical world -- the spiritual world a way of explaining how to lead a good life on Earth and in an afterlife these codes of behavior are often written in sacred documents or passed down through oral tradition
Shiva-jumalan syntymäpäivää vietettiin Katmandussa riehakkaasti ja kannabista polttaen Hindut juhlivat tiistaina eri puolilla maailmaa Maha Shivaratria, "Suurta Shivan yötä", joka on yksi hindulaisten tärkeimmistä vuosittaisista uskonnollisista festivaaleista. Hindut uskovat, että Shiva-jumala syntyi kyseisenä yönä. Yksi tärkeimmistä Maha Shivaratri-juhlista järjestettiin Nepalin pääkaupungissa Katmandussa. Nepalin pyhimpänä paikkana pidetyn Pashupatinath-temppelin alueella vieraili päivän aikana yli miljoona ihmistä, kertoo Kathmandu Post -sanomalehti. Jo aamulla Pashupatinathiin oli arviolta yli kilometrin mittainen jono ihmisiä. Keskipäivän aikoihin päätemppelin läheisessä portaikossa ihmiset matelivat ylös ja alas tiiviinä massana. Välillä ihmispaljous tuntui turvattomalta, koska varsinkin lapset olivat vaarassa kaatua tungoksessa. Paikalla tuhansia pyhiä miehiä Pashupatinathiin kokoontui Kathmandu Postin mukaan pyhiinvaeltajia Intian ja Nepalin lisäksi muun muassa Sri Lankasta, Malesiasta ja Indonesiasta. Sadhut ovat luopuneet maallisesta elämästä.
Hinduism: Basic Beliefs | URI Hinduism or Sanatana Dharma ("eternal spiritual path") began about 4000 years ago in India. It was the religion of an ancient people known as the Aryans ("noble people") whose philosophy, religion, and customs are recorded in their sacred texts known as the Vedas. These texts were initially handed down by word of mouth from teacher to student. It was not until much later that they were actually written down. Archeological evidence from the Indus Valley civilization of northwestern India helps to establish Hinduism as the world's oldest living religion. The fundamental teaching of Hinduism, or Vedanta, is that a human being's basic nature is not confined to the body or the mind. Karma Yoga or the discipline of right actions is for those of active temperament, striving to eliminate selfishness, and to cultivate universal sympathy by seeing the divine reality in all. Bhakti Yoga is the path of devotion to God whose presence can be felt in all things. The code of behavior is one's dharma.
Basics of Hinduism Our beliefs determine our thoughts and attitudes about life, which in turn direct our actions. By our actions, we create our destiny. Beliefs about sacred matters--God, soul and cosmos--are essential to one's approach to life. Hindus believe in a one, all-pervasive Supreme Being who is both immanent and transcendent, both Creator and Unmanifest Reality.Hindus believe in the divinity of the four Vedas, the world's most ancient scripture, and venerate the Agamas as equally revealed. Hinduism, the world's oldest religion, has no beginning--it precedes recorded history.
Religion, World Religions, Comparative Religion - Just the facts on the world's religions.