INDONESIA NOW with Duncan Graham Human Security Gateway Human security Human security is an emerging paradigm for understanding global vulnerabilities whose proponents challenge the traditional notion of national security by arguing that the proper referent for security should be the individual rather than the state. Human security holds that a people-centred, multi-disciplinary understanding of security involving a number of research fields, including development studies, international relations, strategic studies, and human rights. The United Nations Development Programme's 1994 Human Development Report is considered a milestone publication in the field of human security, with its argument that insuring "freedom from want" and "freedom from fear" for all persons is the best path to tackle the problem of global insecurity. Origins The emergence of the human security discourse was the product of a convergence of factors at the end of the Cold War. Concept UNDP's 1994 definition Dr. Franklin D. G. Relationship with development
Gender Empowerment Measure The Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) is the United Nations Development Programme's attempt to measure the extent of gender inequality across the globe's countries, based on estimates of women's relative economic income, participations in high-paying positions with economic power, and access to professional and parliamentary positions. History In 1995 in the Human Development Report commissioned by the United Nations Development Program set-out to create two new measurement indices for measuring development. Their aim was to add to the Human Development Index by way of including a gender dimension in the measure. Definition and calculation The GEM was designed to measure "whether women and men are able to actively participate in economic and political life and take part in decision-making" (UNDP, 1995, p. 73)(Klasen 257). Debates Suggestions for improving the GEM Suggested alterations Many suggestions have been made to alter the GEM. Suggested Alternatives
Kokoda Foundation 2008 Human Rights Report: Indonesia Indonesia is a multiparty democracy with a population of approximately 245 million. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono became the first directly elected president in free and fair elections in 2004. Civilian authorities generally maintained effective control of the security forces, although the fact that the Indonesian Armed Forces (TNI) continued to be partly self financed weakened this control. The government generally respected the human rights of its citizens and upheld civil liberties. Section 1 Respect for the Integrity of the Person, Including Freedom From: a. The government or its agents did not commit any politically motivated killings; however, there were reports of killings by security force personnel. On February 2, Indonesian Armed Forces (TNI) personnel from the 731 Kabaresi Infantry Battalion attacked Masohi Police Station in Masohi City, Central Maluku, in response to reports that the police had detained a TNI member. b. c. Prison and Detention Center Conditions d. e.
Sharon Bessell - CRAWFORD SCHOOL of Economics and Government - ANU Current projects Assessing development: designing better indices of poverty and gender equity Contributing to development worldwide, this research raises Australia’s global standing and helps fulfil the values and responsibilities of the Australian people. It strengthens the basis for gender‑related and poverty‑related policy development and service delivery within Australia and helps correct the current over‑emphasis, in measuring domestic gender inequity, on the more privileged women. Funded by an ARC Linkage Grant of $1,098,000 over three years, commencing in late 2009. Children, Community and Social Capital in Australia This research will explore children’s views and experiences of community and will increase understanding of community and community strengthening initiatives from a child-centred perspective. Funded by an ARC Linkage Grant of $91,722 over three years, commencing in Feburuary 2010. Recently completed research projects Consultancies
ARHA - Australian Reproductive Health Alliance - News Headlines Better reproductive and sexual heath for women and girls We regret to inform you that the Australian Reproductive Health Alliance (ARHA) ceased operation on 30 September 2011. The decision to close an organisation which achieved so much for the advancement of the status of women and girls through the promotion of improved sexual and reproductive health was taken in sadness. We would like to thank all those – members of the Board and ARHA staff, patrons, chairs and members of the Australian Parliamentary Group on Population and Development, donors and volunteers – who worked so hard over the years to sustain the organisation and contribute to its considerable achievements. ARHA has been privileged to act as a critical non-partisan body promoting better reproductive health for women and girls in Australia and throughout the region. Women’s Plan Foundation will continue the tradition of a sole focus on advocacy in this important area.
Opinion - Nicholas D. Kristof Blog Yayasan Rama Sesana