FSA 04/03/15 Review of approaches for establishing exclusion zones for shellfish harvesting around sewage discharge points The study undertook a review of published and unpublished scientific literature relating to setting and management of exclusion zones (preventing oyster harvesting) to mitigate viral risks from point source sewage discharges. The review included a comparison between norovirus and other viral models with respect to environmental degradation and bioaccumulation factors and also considered the significance of wastewater discharges from diffuse sources (eg pleasure craft) and their capacity to be controlled by norovirus exclusion zones. Review activities incorporated the essential elements of a systematic review supported by direct contact with known working groups. Overseas experience with respect to exclusion/buffer zones from European settings and US/NSSP based suppliers was also reviewed.
ERASMUS LAW REVIEW - 2010 - THE EUROPEAN FOOD IMPORT SAFETY REGIME UNDER A ‘STRESS TEST’: THE MELAMINE CONTAMINATION OF THE GLOB HEC Paris - Law Department December 1, 2010 Erasmus Law Review, Vol. 3, No. 4, p. 203, 2010 Abstract: Ensuring that European food imports are safe presents special challenges, as production takes place in third countries outside the direct control of the member states. Yet, contrary to conventional wisdom, besides a few exceptions regarding high-risk products (such as animals and animal products), the regulation of food import safety in the European Union (EU) is not the focus of direct legislative attention. INTECH - JANV 2012 - Salmonella - A Dangerous Foodborne PathogenAu sommaire:The Occurrence of Salmonella in Various Marine Envir Edited by Barakat S. M. Mahmoud, ISBN 978-953-307-782-6, 450 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published January 20, 2012 under CC BY 3.0 licenseDOI: 10.5772/1308 More than 2,500 serotypes of Salmonella exist. However, only some of these serotypes have been frequently associated with food-borne illnesses.
WIKIPEDIA - Rice production in Bangladesh. Rice production in Bangladesh is a crucial part of the national economy The dominant food crop of Bangladesh is rice, accounting for about 75 percent of agricultural land use (and 28 percent of GDP). Rice production increased every year in the 1980s (through 1987) except FY 1981, but the annual increases have generally been modest, barely keeping pace with the population. Rice production exceeded 15 million tons for the first time in FY 1986. In the mid-1980s, Bangladesh was the fourth largest rice producer in the world, but its productivity was low compared with other Asian countries, such as Malaysia and Indonesia. It is currently the world's sixth-largest producer. Highyield varieties of seed, application of fertilizer, and irrigation have increased yields, although these inputs also raise the cost of production and chiefly benefit the richer cultivators. The cultivation of rice in Bangladesh varies according to seasonal changes in the water supply.
CEFAS 17/07/15 Molluscan shellfish diseases and how to prevent the spread Below is the background to the molluscan diseases that the Cefas Fish Health Inspectorate (FHI) regulated in 2014. The controls have evolved over several decades. And, to put them in context, their purpose is to allow the UK to trade freely with Europe and the rest of the world, whilst still offering protection to the health status of our farmed and wild shellfish. We take the role seriously, and will always strive for the highest level of protection available to us as a nation. However it is vital for everyone to understand their individual role in disease prevention.
OMS 27/06/14 Strengthening intersectoral work in the food safety area in Turkey WHO/Europe met with Turkish officials in Ankara, Turkey on 29-30 May 2014 to discuss plans to strengthen intersectoral work in the field of foodborne diseases, zoonotic diseases and antimicrobial resistance. The WHO Country Office and the Programme Manager for Food Safety, Dr Hilde Kruse participated in constructive, positive and enthusiastic discussions with the Ministry of Health, the Institute of Public Health, the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock and the representatives of the Food and Agriculture Organization Sub-Regional Office for Central Asia. A two-day national workshop was planned for the autumn 2014 to address intersectoral collaboration in the field of foodborne and zoonotic diseases, including outbreak/emergency response and related antimicrobial resistance. A formal agreement between the health and the agriculture/veterinary sector on intersectoral collaboration will also be developed.
WIKIPEDIA – agriculture in Bangladesh. Map showing the growing areas of major agricultural products. Bangladesh has a primarily agrarian economy. Agriculture is the single largest producing sector of the economy since it comprises about 18.6% (data released on November, 2010) of the country's GDP and employs around 45% of the total labor force. The performance of this sector has an overwhelming impact on major macroeconomic objectives like employment generation, poverty alleviation, human resources development and food security. A plurality of Bangladeshis earn their living from agriculture.
EFTA SURVEILLANCE AUTHORITY 24/08/15 FOOd Safety: Unsatisfactory official controls on live bivalve molluscs in Norway Norway does not fully comply with the legal requirements for harvesting and placing on the market of live bivalve molluscs. The situation has not improved much since the previous inspection done by the EFTA Surveillance Authority six years ago. This is the main conclusion in a report published by the the Authority today, following an audit carried out in Norway in April 2015. Clinical Microbiology and Infection Volume 18, Issue 11, November 2012, Leading infectious diseases problems in Turkey Open Archive Abstract Turkey has significant geographical and socio-economic differences throughout a vast area of the country. These characteristics affect the epidemiology of infectious diseases, some of which are rarely seen in western Europe. However, effectively implemented control measures have resulted in decreased rates of many community-acquired infections, including tuberculosis and malaria, that were major health problems only a few decades ago.
CDC EID - DEC 2006 - Foodborne transmission of Nipah virus, Bangladesh. Stephen P. Luby* ( , Mahmudur Rahman†, M. Jahangir Hossain*, Lauren S. Food Control Volume 60, February 2016, Time trends in the prevalence of Escherichia coli and enterococci in bivalves harvested in Norway during 2007–2012 Open Access Highlights A weak positive correlation between enterococci and Escherichia coli were seen. There was a weak positive correlation between high counts of E. coli/enterococci and increased rainfall. When using enterococci as indicator organisms, a more sensitive method than conventional plate assays should be considered. The number of faecal indicator organisms wary greatly between localities for cultivation of blue mussels.