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EFSA 22/10/10 Evaluation of Anoplophora chinensis technical file from Japan EFSA Journal 2010;8(10):1849 [13 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1849 EFSA Panel on Plant Health (PLH)Panel Members Richard Baker, Thierry Candresse, Erzsébet Dormannsné Simon, Gianni Gilioli, Jean-Claude Grégoire, Michael John Jeger, Olia Evtimova Karadjova, Gábor Lövei, David Makowski, Charles Manceau, Maria Navajas, Angelo Porta Puglia, Trond Rafoss, Vittorio Rossi, Jan Schans, Gritta Schrader, Gregor Urek, Johan Coert van Lenteren, Irene Vloutoglou, Stephan Winter and Marina ZlotinaAcknowledgment The Panel wishes to thank [the members of the Working Group: Erzsébet Dormannsné Simon, Olia Evtimova Karadjova, David Makowski, Charles Manceau, Gregor Urek and Marina Zlotina for the preparatory work on this scientific opinion and additional experts:Franck Hérard and Matteo Maspero for information provided and EFSA staff: Sharon Cheek, Olaf Mosbach-Schulz and Sybren Vos for the support provided to this scientific opinion.Contact Abstract © European Food Safety Authority, 2010

FSA 04/03/15 Review of approaches for establishing exclusion zones for shellfish harvesting around sewage discharge points The study undertook a review of published and unpublished scientific literature relating to setting and management of exclusion zones (preventing oyster harvesting) to mitigate viral risks from point source sewage discharges. The review included a comparison between norovirus and other viral models with respect to environmental degradation and bioaccumulation factors and also considered the significance of wastewater discharges from diffuse sources (eg pleasure craft) and their capacity to be controlled by norovirus exclusion zones. Review activities incorporated the essential elements of a systematic review supported by direct contact with known working groups. Overseas experience with respect to exclusion/buffer zones from European settings and US/NSSP based suppliers was also reviewed. A questionnaire was used to construct a database, and where positive examples were identified information was sought to generate potential case study illustrations.

GLOBAL MEAT NEWS 10/12/13 Czech meat consumption falls. Meat consumption in the Czech Republic decreased by 1.5% compared with last year to about 77.4kg. While pork remains the most popular kind of meat in the country, despite last year’s decrease in consumption, poultry consumption was on the rise in 2012, and beef consumption fell, according to data released by the country’s statistical office ČSÚ. “The increase in consumption of poultry meat partially substituted the decrease in total meat consumption,” the office said in a statement. Last year, an average Czech consumed some 25.2kg of poultry, a rise of 2.9% from the 24.5kg reported a year earlier. Meanwhile, beef consumption fell in the Czech Republic to 8.1kg, a decrease of 11% from a year earlier, as shown by data from the ČSÚ report. Pork accounted for as much as 53.4% of the Czech meat consumption last year. On a related note, annual data from the statistical office suggests last year’s fall in meat consumption is part of a wider trend.

EUROPE 27/01/16 Rapport : EU Member States fight Longhorn Beetles Longhorn beetles introduced from non-European regions are extremely damaging pests as they attack healthy and vigorous deciduous trees and shrubs causing their death and can establish in the majority of EU Member States. Their spread poses a threat to the environment and causes damage predominantly in urban areas. The main pathway for the introduction of these pests is through imports of infested woody planting material and infested wood packaging material (pallets, wood crates etc.). The FVO undertook a series of audits in four Member States affected by outbreaks (Austria, France, Germany and Italy). Drawing from the results of these audits, the FVO has published an overview report which focusses on the situation and controls of four longhorn beetles, namely, Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), Citrus longhorn beetle (Anoplophora chinensis), Red neck longhorn beetle (Aromia bungii) and Round-headed apple tree borer (Saperda candida). Read more...

CEFAS 17/07/15 Molluscan shellfish diseases and how to prevent the spread Below is the background to the molluscan diseases that the Cefas Fish Health Inspectorate (FHI) regulated in 2014. The controls have evolved over several decades. And, to put them in context, their purpose is to allow the UK to trade freely with Europe and the rest of the world, whilst still offering protection to the health status of our farmed and wild shellfish. We take the role seriously, and will always strive for the highest level of protection available to us as a nation. Listed Diseases There are three categories of molluscan shellfish disease that the FHI are required to consider. The third category covers new and emerging diseases, which are not listed by the EU, but can sometimes develop into serious issues over time. There are mechanisms to allow the control of emerging diseases under EU rules, and currently the UK and the Republic of Ireland have approval to apply these additional controls for OsHV-1 μVar. Disease controls Preventing new outbreaks

MINISTERE DE L'AGRICULTURE DE REPUBLIQUE TCHEQUE - Food Safety. The largest volume of activities in issues of food safety in the Czech Republic has been provided by the organisations within the Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Health. Further important partners are except government offices representatives of supervisory organisations, scientific committees and consumer organisations. The Strategy to Assure Food Safety in the Czech Republic established the following key requirements for the pre-accession period: to complete harmonisation with EU legislation, to ensure a co-ordination of activities of central state authorities and competent authorities performing official control, to optimise the network of laboratories, scientific committees, to ensure intensive communication with consumers, development of a RASFF system and co-operation and co-ordination of activities with the EFSA. New Science Strategy Published as EFSA Approaches its 10th Anniversary Control Options for Norovirus in Oysters Assessment Inspection on Food in the Czech Republic

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000177-17 Import controls on the Asian Long-horned Beetle It is well known that the Asian Long-horned Beetle (ALB) finds its way into Europe on wood used in packaging from China. Spot checks are therefore carried out on relevant consignments at the time of import. In 2013, the Federal Forestry Office (BFW) in Austria carried out plant health checks and found ALB infestation in 8% of consignments. (BFW Forest Protection Institute, ‘Forstschutz Aktuell’, No 59, August 2015). Are there any common EU standards for checking consignments, e.g. complete unloading of the container, raising pallets with a fork-lift for ‘all-round checking’ or the use of ALB sniffer dogs? If so, how are these standards defined? The wide-ranging programme to eradicate the ALB has already had a dramatic impact, particularly in inner-city areas where trees are a significant feature of the townscape and make a crucial contribution to the climate of the city.

EFTA SURVEILLANCE AUTHORITY 24/08/15 FOOd Safety: Unsatisfactory official controls on live bivalve molluscs in Norway Norway does not fully comply with the legal requirements for harvesting and placing on the market of live bivalve molluscs. The situation has not improved much since the previous inspection done by the EFTA Surveillance Authority six years ago. This is the main conclusion in a report published by the the Authority today, following an audit carried out in Norway in April 2015. Norway has designated the Norwegian Food Safety Authority (NFSA) as the competent authority responsible for official controls. Responsibility for coordination of controls regarding live bivalve molluscs has been delegated to one region of the NFSA. Official controls done by the NFSA departments are not fully coordinated and at central level there is limited overview of control activities in the departments. Harvesting areas in Norway have in general not been classified in accordance with EEA legal requirements and sanitary surveys are not done according to requirements if done at all. Read the full report here

CZECH AGRICULTURE AND FOOD INSPECTION AUTHORITY 16/04/15 Food fraud - current issue? “Food Fraud – Current Issue?” was the topic of the expert presentation held today together with the press conference in the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Parliament. The event was held by the Czech Agriculture and Food Inspection Authority (CAFIA) in co-operation with the Agricultural Committee of the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Parliament and the Ministry of Agriculture. “It is a significant problem consequently paid by consumers who pay for something they neither expect nor want. The topic of the event was the matter of food fraud and its undesirable effect on the market and single segments of food production and sale. “In a range of cases consumers are not able to protect their rights by themselves. Annex to the CAFIA Press Release Food Fraud – the most significant food issue of the developed world Food fraud is a phenomenon with significant social risk having effect on a large amount of subjects and areas. Selected methods of fraud encountered by CAFIA:

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000156-17 Establishment of the Asian long-horned beetle Since the Asian long-horned beetle (ALB) was first identified in Germany in 2004, the number of finds of fresh infestations has increased steadily. On how many examples of ALBs at all stages of development have population and genetic studies been carried out, and what were the findings (e.g. as regards family relationships, spread, pathways, adjustment to new habitats, etc.)? If genetic studies were not carried out on all the examples found, can the Commission say why? Taking all finds of ALBs at all stages of development, in how many cases could the origin of the beetle in question be determined with absolute certainty? Could it be determined where the ALBs came from, or, if eggs, larvae and pupae were found, where the parent animals came from?

Food Control Volume 60, February 2016, Time trends in the prevalence of Escherichia coli and enterococci in bivalves harvested in Norway during 2007–2012 Open Access Highlights A weak positive correlation between enterococci and Escherichia coli were seen. There was a weak positive correlation between high counts of E. coli/enterococci and increased rainfall. When using enterococci as indicator organisms, a more sensitive method than conventional plate assays should be considered. The number of faecal indicator organisms wary greatly between localities for cultivation of blue mussels. Selection of cultivation localities should consider longer time trends for indicator organism. Abstract The objectives of this study were to describe time trends in the prevalence of Escherichia coli and enterococci in cultured blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) harvested from 152 localities along the coast of Norway during the six-year period from 2007 to 2012. Keywords Blue mussels; Mytilus edulis; Escherichia coli; Enterococci; Indicator organisms; Faecal contamination; Rainfall 1. 2. 2.1.