Two Ways Neuroscience Will Impact the Law | In Their Own Words When it comes to neuroscience and the law, there are two main topics of interest. One of them is the topic of free will. And that is the question, if somebody, say with a brain tumor in the frontal lobe that we know is associated with areas involving judgment, is that person as responsible for a violent crime as somebody with a brain that is not known to have a specific anomaly? There are arguments that go back and forth. The law will emerge, but it’s not predictable exactly how precedent will be established. The other area that’s a little bit less philosophical and more operational is in the area of documenting personal injury as it relates to conditions like chronic pain. This gets back to the question about reverse-engineering. In Their Own Words is recorded in Big Think's studio. Image courtesy of Shutterstock
Science research: three problems that point to a communications crisis | Higher Education Network | Guardian Professional Has the communication of scientific research reached a crisis point? Photograph: Alamy Traditional scientific communication directly threatens the quality of scientific research. Today's system is unreliable – or worse. Scholarly publishing regularly gives the highest status to research that is most likely to be wrong. Think these are strong claims? Retraction rates Retraction is one possible response to discovering that something is wrong with a published scientific article. Retraction rates have increased tenfold in the past decade after many years of stability. More disturbing is the finding that the most prestigious journals have the highest rates of retraction, and that fraud and misconduct are greater sources of retraction in these journals than in less prestigious ones. Among articles that are not retracted, there is evidence that the most visible journals publish less reliable (in other words, not replicable) research results than lower ranking journals. The decline effect
Social and political movements related to the P2P (participatory), open (open access to knowledge), and ‘commons’ paradigms | P2P Foundation Please read: Mapping a Coalition for the Commons. By Philippe Aigrain. Introduction Marco Berlinguer: “The free culture movements comprise a wide range of experiences mainly emerging around the internet and the digital revolution. They have generally developed independently, but they are loosely aligned and show a mutually reinforcing dynamism – a ‘viral spiral’, as David Bollier terms it. All these movements emerged as practical and cultural critiques of the aggressive attempts by corporations, aided by Northern governments, to extend intellectual property rights to knowledge, culture, information, communication and even organisms and data. Following Felix Stalder, we can group these movements into three different clusters: the Free Software Movement, focusing on software source code;the Free Culture Movement, focusing on cultural goods; andthe Access To Knowledge (A2K) movement, focusing on access to knowledge-intensive goods.” The following are most similar in intent:
Neuroscience For Kids The smell of a flower - The memory of a walk in the park - The pain of stepping on a nail. These experiences are made possible by the 3 pounds of tissue in our heads...the BRAIN!! Neuroscience for Kids has been created for all students and teachers who would like to learn about the nervous system. Discover the exciting world of the brain, spinal cord, neurons and the senses. Can't find what you are looking for? Portions of Neuroscience for Kids are available in Spanish, Slovene, Chinese, Portuguese, Italian, Korean, Dutch, Telugu, Japanese, Belarusian, Serbian, Russian and Turkish. "Neuroscience for Kids" is maintained by Eric H.
Stimulating brain cells stops binge drinking, animal study finds BUFFALO, N.Y. – Researchers at the University at Buffalo have found a way to change alcohol drinking behavior in rodents, using the emerging technique of optogenetics, which uses light to stimulate neurons. Their work could lead to powerful new ways to treat alcoholism, other addictions, and neurological and mental illnesses; it also helps explain the underlying neurochemical basis of drug addiction. The findings, published in November in Frontiers in Neuroscience, are the first to demonstrate a causal relationship between the release of dopamine in the brain and drinking behaviors of animals. In the experiments, rats were trained to drink alcohol in a way that mimics human binge-drinking behavior. First author Caroline E. Bass’s co-authors are at Wake Forest University, where she worked previously. Interestingly, the rodents continued to avoid alcohol even after the stimulation of neurons ended, she adds. “Electrical stimulation doesn’t discriminate,” Bass explains.
researchED 2013 Is GO. If you build it, they will come. So I’m running a conference this September.... Beginnings are often noisy: babies delivered in an eruption of clamour and viscera; shuttle launches where a dot of metal balances on a skyscraper of exploding fire and prayers. This firework went off so quickly I didn't even hear it until my house was on fire. Last week: I'm invited to the Teach First launch of Ben Goldacres's 'Building evidence into education' at Bethnal Green Academy. Tuesday evening: I'm watching...well, I'm watching GI Joe, and marking essays. One hour later. Next morning, it was all still there. That lunchtime I spoke to people in the business who advised about logistics; I used to run Soho nightclubs, so I'm not particularly fazed by the thought of having several hundred people under a roof and trying to stop them killing/ mounting each other, while simultaneously feeding them booze and engineering rhythmic proximity like a gang-bang in a lift. So: keynote speakers, of course- people need to talk.
Rethinking Social Networking | Humanizing Technology Four years ago, Facebook had 100 million users. Today, it has close to a billion. It’s tough to remember a time when every article on the internet wasn’t covered with share buttons, or when you couldn't "like" something by clicking a little thumbs-up icon. Social networking continues to evolve rapidly, especially with the widespread adoption of smartphones and apps, but the digital dust has had a couple of years to settle on Facebook and Twitter, and people are starting to look around and reflect. Artist Jonathan Harris on four cultural phenomena – compression, disposability, curation, and self-promotion – that social media have amplified and accelerated. Compression: From letter writing to phone calls to faxes to email to tweets – the speeding up and compressing of communication. So what’s missing? Cowbird – A Different Kind of Social Network The effect is powerfully intimate, like reading someone else’s diary without the sense of ickiness that would entail.
Comment le cerveau assimile une nouvelle langue Apprendre sa propre langue est déjà un défi cérébral en soi. Alors, qu'en est-il quand il faut maîtriser une autre langue que la sienne ? Et pourquoi est-il si difficile d'apprendre une langue appartenant à une autre famille que la sienne, alors que nous manipulons finalement assez bien d'autres codes complexes comme les mathématiques par exemple ? Comment le cerveau fait-il pour maîtriser une langue? Même si les recherches récentes montrent que de nombreuses régions de notre cerveau s'activent lors de la moindre opération mentale, les fonctions utiles au langage trouvent leur source dans deux aires qui ont donc une importance primordiale : l'aire de Wernicke et l'aire de Broca. La première nous permet de comprendre les langues et la deuxième sert à s'exprimer oralement dans une ou des langues. D'ailleurs, la plupart des experts s'entendent sur une chose : l'apprentissage des langues sur le modèle traditionnel ne fonctionne pas au niveau neurologique. Pfromm, Robert. Bushwick, Sophie.
thegodmolecule: here is a tribe in Africa where... 11 Simple Ways to Improve Your Memory Whether you want to be a Jeopardy! champion or just need to remember where you parked your car, here are 11 things you can do right now to turn your mind from a sieve into a steel trap. These days we’re all about things being faster. That’s why this advice is invaluable: When you really need to remember something, concentrate on it for at least 8 seconds. We’ve all walked into a room and suddenly realized we can’t remember why we needed to be there in the first place. If you’re having trouble remembering things at work, get a stress ball. At this point we should just accept it that science considers exercise the cure for absolutely any problem, and memory is no different. At some point in high school or college, almost everyone has tried to pull an all-nighter before a big test (or so pop culture would have us believe). We’re all font snobs to some extent. If you need to remember a piece of information for around 30 minutes, try chewing gum.
Would You Walk Past Your Mom Without Speaking? If She Were Homeless, You Might A few years ago, when my uncle passed away, I was surprised to learn that he’d lived in Los Angeles, where I live, for several years. He suffered from mental health issues, and my family had lost regular contact with him. As one of the city’s thousands of homeless residents, he frequently slept in a shelter that was only two blocks from what was then my office downtown. After his death, I wondered whether I’d walked by him without recognizing him. As a new campaign from the New York City Rescue Mission proves, it’s likely that, because of his homeless status, my uncle would have been hidden to me. No one recognizes “homeless” relatives—not even when looking directly at them. Eric Silver, the chief creative officer of Silver + Partners, which, along with production company Smuggler, developed the campaign for the mission, says a personal experience catalyzed the video’s creation. According to the U.S.