22 Easy Formative Assessment Techniques for Measuring Student Learning I came across Terry Heick’s blog – 10 Assessments You Can Perform In 90 Seconds – at TeachThought from earlier this year and really enjoyed the formative assessment strategies that he outlined. Using formative assessment techniques in class – or “simple assessments” as Terry calls them – are easy to administer and provide the instant feedback teachers need to identify which students need more help, and then adjust their instruction and lesson plans to help them. Visit Terry’s blog above to get more detail on the following ten formative assessment techniques: 1. New Clothes 2. Do’s and Don’ts 3. Combining Terry’s ten with the ten we’ve blogged about can give teachers 20 great formative assessment strategies for measuring student learning. 11. Here are a couple more assessments you can use to elicit evidence of student learning. 21. 22. All of these 22 formative assessment techniques are simple to administer and free or inexpensive to use. Do you have a favorite?
The Effects of Feedback Interventions on Performance: A Historical Review, a Meta-Analysis, and a Preliminary Feedback Intervention Theory (Kluger & DeNisi, 1996) | Reading for Pleasure The Effects of Feedback Interventions on Performance: A Historical Review, a Meta-Analysis, and a Preliminary Feedback Intervention Theory (Kluger & DeNisi, 1996) Posted by Dixie on January 13, 2011 · Leave a Comment Kluger, A. N., & DeNisi, A. (1996). Goals of the paper: To document both the evidence for inconsistent FI effects and the disregard for these data from the onset of FI research.To quantify the variability of FI effects and to rule out artifact-based explanations to FI effects variability.To attempt the integration of the varying theoretical and paradigmatic perspectives on FI, and propose a feedback intervention theory (FIT).To provide a preliminary test of FIT, by subjecting some putative moderators, identified by FIT, to moderator analyses of the meta-analytic effects. [*Note: Much of this material was taken directly from the article:] Articles in which the universal utility of feedback is called into question: “To relate feedback directly to behavior is very confusing.
Educational Leadership:Effective Grading Practices:Grade Inflation: Killing with Kindness? In the 1880s, Harvard University adopted a new approach to evaluating student work that would sweep the United States and become as integral a part of the education landscape as blackboards, number 2 pencils, and yellow buses: the letter grade. Just one decade later, though, some Harvard professors were already grousing that "in the present practice Grades A and B are sometimes given too readily—Grade A for work of no very high merit, and Grade B for work not far above mediocrity" (Lewis, 2006, p. 115). They fretted that if the outside world knew what kind of "sham work" passed for high marks at the venerable institution, Harvard's degree would be "seriously cheapened" (p. 115). Hand-wringing about grade inflation has continued ever since. The fact that so many people could worry about the same phenomenon for so long makes one wonder whether the concerns are grounded in reality or are merely generational grumblings about the declining standards of youth. Not Your Parents' A? References
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Free Reading Comprehension Practice Test Questions 1 through 7 refer to the following passage: In the 16th century, an age of great marine and terrestrial exploration, Ferdinand Magellan led the first expedition to sail around the world. As a young Portuguese noble, he served the king of Portugal, but he became involved in the quagmire of political intrigue at court and lost the king's favor. After he was dismissed from service by the king of Portugal, he offered to serve the future Emperor Charles V of Spain. A papal decree of 1493 had assigned all land in the New World west of 50 degrees W longitude to Spain and all the land east of that line to Portugal. One ship deserted while in this passage and returned to Spain, so fewer sailors were privileged to gaze at that first panorama of the Pacific Ocean. Later, Magellan became involved in an insular conflict in the Philippines and was killed in a tribal battle. 1. A. cosmic B. land C. mental D. common man E. 2. A. entanglement B. discussion C. negotiation D. problem E.
AfL tools The purpose of AfL is to develop your pupils as self-regulated learners including the ability to self-assess their work and to become motivated to work independently. Pupils need to become partners with you in managing learning and assessment. Some tools for driving this agenda include: Transparency and engagement In medium-term planning of a unit of work, focus on the big ideas, the key concepts within the subject, underpinning the topic. As a teacher, critically consider the learning objectives for your lessons and consider distinguishing this clearly from the case study or context. The most common step that teachers miss out is the opportunity for pupils to improve their work in response to feedforward. Questioning The main message here is to plan your questions because that is a powerful way to raise the focused learning outcomes for pupils from your lessons. Overall you should aim to raise the level of thinking required by your classroom questions. From feedback to feedforward
Examples of Formative Assessment When incorporated into classroom practice, the formative assessment process provides information needed to adjust teaching and learning while they are still happening. The process serves as practice for the student and a check for understanding during the learning process. The formative assessment process guides teachers in making decisions about future instruction. Observations Questioning Discussion Exit/Admit Slips Learning/Response Logs Graphic Organizers Peer/Self Assessments Practice Presentations Visual Representations Kinesthetic Assessments Individual Whiteboards Laundry Day Four Corners Constructive Quizzes Think Pair Share Appointment Clock eHow: Types of Formative Assessment