Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases Volume 4, Issue 4, June 2013, Pages 329–333 Evidence of vertical transmission of lumpy skin diseas Abstract Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an economically important acute or sub-acute disease of cattle that occurs across Africa and in the Middle East. The aim of this study was to assess whether Rhipicephalus decoloratus ticks were able to transmit lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) transovarially. Uninfected, laboratory-bred R. decoloratus larvae were placed to feed on experimentally infected “donor” cattle. After completion of the life cycle on donor animals, fully engorged adult female ticks were harvested and allowed to lay eggs. Larvae that hatched from these eggs were then transferred to feed on uninfected “recipient” cattle.
DG SANCO 05-05-2008 Foot-and-Mouth Disease - Educational video - View an educational video on Foot and Mouth Disease Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious, usually non-fatal viral disease of domestic and wild cloven-hoofed animals, but may also affect certain other species. It is widely distributed throughout the world. Animals recovered from the disease may remain carriers of the infectious virus for an extended period of time. FMD is not dangerous to humans, but has a great potential for causing severe economic losses in susceptible animals. Causative agent: FMD is caused by a non-enveloped Aphtovirus of the family Picornaviridae, existing in seven distinct serotypes of FMD virus, namely, O, A, C, SAT 1, SAT 2, SAT 3 and Asia 1, most of them with many more subtypes.
Journal of General Virology (2000), 81, 831-837. Identification and differentiation of the nine African horse sickness virus ser + Author Affiliations Author for correspondence: Corinne Sailleau. Fax +33 1 43 68 97 62. e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org Received 16 July 1999. Accepted 9 November 1999. Abstract This paper describes the first RT–PCR for discrimination of the nine African horse sickness virus (AHSV) serotypes. Probable Rabies Virus Transmission through Organ Transplantation, China, 2015 - Volume 22, Number 8—August 2016 Hang Zhou1, Wuyang Zhu1, Jun Zeng1, Jianfeng He1, Kai Liu, Yu Li, Shuwu Zhou, Di Mu, Kechun Zhang, Pengcheng Yu, Zhijian Li, Meng Zhang, Xueqiong Chen, Chun Guo, and Hongjie Yu ( Author affiliations: Division of Infectious Disease, Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Early-Warning on Infectious Disease, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China (H. Zhou, Y. Li, D. Mu, C.
TRADINGSTANDARDS_GOV_UK - The law regarding the keeping and movement of pigs The law regarding the keeping and movement of pigs Persons keeping pigs for the first time must obtain a county parish holding (CPH) number and then notify Scottish ministers via the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA). Pig movements must comply with the 'general licence for the movement of pigs', and must be reported.
FOCUS 20/08/15 Bulgaria authorities stepping up preventive measures against lumpy skin disease Home | Services | Archive | Partners | Banners | Radio Adds | About Us | Disclaimer | Contacts | © 2016 FOCUS Information Agency The content published by Focus Information Agency and the technologies, used on its website, are protected by the Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Act. All the text, audio and video materials, photos, and graphics, published in the database, are property of Focus Information Agency, unless otherwise provided. The USERS and SUBSCRIBERS are under the obligation to use the materials from the database according to Focus Information Agency’s General Terms and Conditions as well as the applicable law of the Republic of Bulgaria.
Foot-and-mouth disease Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has severe implications for animal farming, since it is highly infectious and can be spread by infected animals through aerosols, through contact with contaminated farming equipment, vehicles, clothing, or feed, and by domestic and wild predators. Its containment demands considerable efforts in vaccination, strict monitoring, trade restrictions, and quarantines, and occasionally the killing of animals. Susceptible animals include cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, pigs, antelope, deer, and bison. It has also been known to infect hedgehogs and elephants; llamas, and alpacas may develop mild symptoms, but are resistant to the disease and do not pass it on to others of the same species. In laboratory experiments, mice, rats, and chickens have been successfully infected by artificial means, but they are not believed to contract the disease under natural conditions. Humans are very rarely infected.
PLOS 05/08/11 Transmission and Control of African Horse Sickness in The Netherlands: A Model Analysis African horse sickness (AHS) is an equine viral disease that is spread by Culicoides spp. Since the closely related disease bluetongue established itself in The Netherlands in 2006, AHS is considered a potential threat for the Dutch horse population. A vector-host model that incorporates the current knowledge of the infection biology is used to explore the effect of different parameters on whether and how the disease will spread, and to assess the effect of control measures. The time of introduction is an important determinant whether and how the disease will spread, depending on temperature and vector season. Given an introduction in the most favourable and constant circumstances, our results identify the vector-to-host ratio as the most important factor, because of its high variability over the country. Furthermore, a higher temperature accelerates the epidemic, while a higher horse density increases the extent of the epidemic.
PLOS 05/10/16 Validation of a Rapid Rabies Diagnostic Tool for Field Surveillance in Developing Countries Abstract Background One root cause of the neglect of rabies is the lack of adequate diagnostic tests in the context of low income countries. A rapid, performance friendly and low cost method to detect rabies virus (RABV) in brain samples will contribute positively to surveillance and consequently to accurate data reporting, which is presently missing in the majority of rabies endemic countries.
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000063-16 EU Pigs Directive For many years the EU Food and Veterinary Office (FVO) has carried out inspections in the Member States on compliance with the provisions of EU Directive 2008/120/EC (the Pigs Directive) concerning environmental enrichment and the ban on tail-docking. It has emerged that a large number of countries still violate the tail-docking ban. Apparently it is only Luxembourg and Sweden which comply fully with the directive’s rules. In spite of repeated representations about this, and in spite of warnings by the European Parliament, the Commission does not appear willing to assume its responsibility and take these countries to the EU Court of Justice. In its past answers to the European Parliament, the Commission has said that it can only take action in cases where the Member States systematically fail to monitor compliance.
EFSA 13/01/15 Scientific Opinion on lumpy skin disease Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW Panel) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on lumpy skin disease (LSD), in order to provide an update on the characterisation of the disease; to assess the risk of introduction into the European Union (EU) and the speed of spread, the risk of becoming endemic and its impact; and to determine if further measures are justified. This request is linked to the recent and important spread of LSD throughout the Middle East, including Turkey, where it is now considered endemic. Regarding disease characterisation, the AHAW Panel reported that LSD is characterised by significant losses, especially in naive and young animals, due to chronic debility, reduced milk production and weight, infertility, abortion and death, but it is not a zoonosis. LSD is endemic in most African countries.
PLOS 23/11/15 Pathogenesis of Primary Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus Infection in the Nasopharynx of Vaccinated and Non-Vaccinated Cattle Abstract A time-course pathogenesis study was performed to compare and contrast primary foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection following simulated-natural (intra-nasopharyngeal) virus exposure of cattle that were non-vaccinated or vaccinated using a recombinant adenovirus-vectored FMDV vaccine. FMDV genome and infectious virus were detected during the initial phase of infection in both categories of animals with consistent predilection for the nasopharyngeal mucosa. A rapid progression of infection with viremia and widespread dissemination of virus occurred in non-vaccinated animals whilst vaccinated cattle were protected from viremia and clinical FMD. Analysis of micro-anatomic distribution of virus during early infection by lasercapture microdissection localized FMDV RNA to follicle-associated epithelium of the nasopharyngeal mucosa in both groups of animals, with concurrent detection of viral genome in nasopharyngeal MALT follicles in vaccinated cattle only.
MERCK VETERINARY MANUAL - African Horse Sickness: Introduction African horse sickness (AHS) is an acute or subacute, insectborne, viral disease of equids that is endemic to Africa. It is characterized by clinical signs and lesions associated with respiratory and circulatory impairment. Etiology and Epidemiology AHS is caused by an orbivirus, 55–70 nm in diameter, of the family Reoviridae. There are 9 immunologically distinct types. The virus is inactivated at a pH of <6 or ≥12, or by formalin, β-propiolactone, acetylethyleneimine derivatives, or radiation. PLOS 26/06/15 Development of a Novel Rabies Simulation Model for Application in a Non-endemic Environment Abstract Domestic dog rabies is an endemic disease in large parts of the developing world and also epidemic in previously free regions. For example, it continues to spread in eastern Indonesia and currently threatens adjacent rabies-free regions with high densities of free-roaming dogs, including remote northern Australia.