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The best idea to redevelop Dharavi slum? Scrap the plans and start again

The best idea to redevelop Dharavi slum? Scrap the plans and start again
By 8am, Dharavi is already noisy. Tea stalls already clinking, leather-making and embroidery and plastic-crushing machines already cranking through their long daily grind. Dharavi, the most well-known informal settlement in Mumbai, stands in a category of its own, and challenges the very notion of a slum. Its maze of matchbox buildings contains thousands of micro-industries, which collectively turn over $650m annually and provide affordable housing to the city’s working class. Over decades, Dharavi’s residents – its potters, garment-makers, welders and recyclers from all over India – have transformed what was a marshy outpost into a thriving entrepreneurial community. But Dharavi is no longer in the boondocks. Under the government-led Dharavi Redevelopment Project, developers will provide the people living there – who can prove residency since 2000 – a new, 300 sq ft house for free. Everyone agrees that Dharavi needs better working and living conditions.

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Mumbai's slum solution? Mukesh Mehta wears a crisp shirt and tie as he picks his way past makeshift shacks and stinking open gutters in Dharavi, Asia's largest slum. Dharavi is a dense labyrinth of dirt roads in the centre of India's biggest and most economically important city, Mumbai (Bombay). Estimates of its population size vary but it is likely that up to a million people live in these crowded lanes. But now the slum faces complete demolition under an audacious plan designed by Mr Mehta. As a wealthy architect turned property tycoon, Mr Mehta makes an unlikely development visionary. A decade ago he became a government consultant after returning to Mumbai from his career designing bespoke mansions for rich clients in Long Island, New York.

Only 3% of UK adults feel ashamed at wasting food, poll finds Only 3% of UK householders think there is a stigma attached to wasting food, while many try to save money by switching off lights or turning down the heating, instead of reducing food waste, according to a report. The Sainsbury’s survey of food waste habits shows that the vast majority of people fail to see the value of watching out for food waste, compared with other money-saving habits that have become second nature. According to the poll of more than 5,000 UK adults, 74% of householders actively turn lights off when they leave a room and 55% turn down the heating. Nearly one-third (32%) have changed energy suppliers to keep household bills down, saving an average of £200 a year. Collectively, these changes would save £305 a year, less than half of the £700 a typical family wastes on food that goes uneaten and is thrown away. In January, Sainsbury’s launched a partnership with the town of Swadlincote in Derbyshire, where it is spending £1m to cut food waste by trialling new technology.

High Street suffers as more people favour out-of-town locations Online sales of non-food products rose 11.7pc last month, boosted by the number of people surfing for post-Christmas bargains. Shoes were the most popular items bought online. Over £1 in every £3 of footwear purchases was spent online. Shoes are the most popular items bought online One in ten shops are empty in Britain’s town centres, a figure that has remained steady for the last couple of years. 'Mumbai is on the verge of imploding' It used to be India’s urban showpiece. Today, its sceptre and crown have fallen down and, in a phase of cynical destruction masquerading as “development”, Mumbai has become a metaphor for urban blight. Consider these statistics. Rubbish could be its Mount Vesuvius. Some 7,000 metric tonnes of refuse is spewed out each day. Dumping grounds are choked, yet there is no government-mandated separation or recycling.

Dharavi Slum Asia's largest slum, Dharavi, lies on prime property right in the middle of India's financial capital, Mumbai (Bombay). It is home to more than a million people. Many are second-generation residents, whose parents moved in years ago. Today's Dharavi bears no resemblance to the fishing village it once was. A city within a city, it is one unending stretch of narrow dirty lanes, open sewers and cramped huts. Heathrow third runway 'to breach climate change laws' Image copyright PA Plans to expand Heathrow Airport are set to breach the government’s climate change laws, advisers have warned. The Committee on Climate Change says the business plan for Heathrow projects a 15% increase in aviation emissions by 2050.

An urbanist's guide to the Mumbai slum of Dharavi Dharavi in brief Everything you’ve heard about Dharavi is true … and false. Dharavi spans more than 500 acres, is in the heart of Mumbai and has a population density more than 10 times the rest of the city. Dharavi Slum - A Look Inside India's Largest Slum Out the 21 million people that live in Mumbai, a whopping 62% (or ~13 million people) live in the various slums around the city. Most of these slum dwellers survive on less than $1USD per day and spend their entire days working long hours in the blistering sun, using rivers as toilets, sleeping on sidewalks and scraping to find shelter under bridges. This is the real Mumbai. When I was in Bombay, I took a 3 hour guided walking tour of the biggest slum in Asia and one of the largest in the world. It’s called Dharavi.

BrooksbankGeographyYr13 - Case Study - Effects of Counterurbanisation Counter- urbanisation is the migration of people from major urban areas to smaller urban settlements and rual areas.It first took place as a reaction to iner city deprivation and overcrowding with people moving from from towns and cities to new towns, estates or commuter towns and villages.New towns and estates were mainly built due to government schemes trying to rehome people from deprived inner cities, maily for the working class that had moved into the area looking for work.However, the commuter towns and villages are mainly aimed at middle class or socially mobile people because they can easily access nearby towns and cities by car, bus or maybe train. CAUSES:One of the main causes of counter - urbanisation is that people want a better quality of life, they want to be able to live in a clean and quiet area without air and noise pollution, busy traffic, dirt and the crime of urban environments.

In Indian Slum, Misery, Work, Politics and Hope Yet inside, carpenters are assembling furniture on the ground floor. One floor up, men are busily cutting and stitching blue jeans. Upstairs from them, workers are crouched over sewing machines, making blouses. And at the top, still more workers are fashioning men’s suits and wedding apparel. One crumbling shanty. Health in Indian slums: inside Mumbai’s busiest public hospital Mumbai’s busiest public medical centre, Sion Hospital, stands as a defining landmark on the southeast border of one of the city’s most well-known slums. Until the 1970s, Dharavi was an afterthought outpost in a peninsula city. A period of rapid migration and urbanisation pushed the city’s population northward and migrants from all over India settled there. The area became a residential and productive hub of the informal economy – pottery, recycling, food processing, leather-making, garment industries lived and worked in the one-kilometre area. Today, anywhere from 600,000 to a million (no good figures exist) people squeeze into the tiny plot of land in matchbox-like homes that have struggled to receive even the most basic services.

One in 10 children has 'Aids defence' Image copyright SPL A 10th of children have a "monkey-like" immune system that stops them developing Aids, a study suggests. The study, in Science Translational Medicine, found the children's immune systems were "keeping calm", which prevented them being wiped out. An untreated HIV infection will kill 60% of children within two and a half years, but the equivalent infection in monkeys is not fatal. The findings could lead to new immune-based therapies for HIV infection.