Présentation de la FNASATThe Boat People1840 – 1900 | Australia's migration history timeline | NSW Migration Heritage CentreCircular Quay, Charles Percy Pickering, 1871. Courtesy State Library of New South Wales By 1869, there were six colonies in Australia – New South Wales, Tasmania, Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria and Queensland – all settled by British people. As the interior was explored and mapped, squatters and free settlers followed and Aboriginal people were pushed from their homelands. The discovery of gold sent a shock wave through Colonial Australia. Chinese in Lambing Flat riots, December, 1860. Chinamen at work on the gold fields. Immigrant ships brought thousands of people keen to try their luck at the diggings. The Chinese diggers moved from goldfield to goldfield within New South Wales and across the border. Samuel Sweet, Overland telegraph party, J.A.G. In time people realised that gold was not the bonanza they anticipated and they began to filter back into cities and towns looking for work and places to live.
WebsitesHadopi-dataMigration ExperiencesEveryday lifeIn 19th century Melbourne free land was scarce, housing was a problem, and when times got tough, people turned to alcohol. Those who watched the city grow tell the story of how the streets were named, when the first brewery appeared, and how a woman got by in a man's world. The witty observations of an Irish journalist tell the real story of life in Port Phillip. Hard times and economic woes made the lure of alcohol all too tempting for Melbourne's common folk. After some initial problems, Melbourne's city grid became an iconic feature of a rapidly growing town. Melbourne's population in the 1800s reflected the city's growth as a bustling metropolis. Melbourne's city street names link directly to the story of colonial life in Port Phillip. Almost since their arrival, settlers had felt strongly that Port Phillip deserved to be a separate colony. Female convicts and free settlers were a small but important part of Port Phillip's development.