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Learning Hebrew - Lesson 1

Hebrew Glossary Then name Ashkenaz (Bereishit 10:3) has since the 10th century been identified with Germany. As the German and French Jews of the medieval period formed a uniform group in culture and religious customs, they were all referred to as Ashkenazim in contradistinction to the Sefardim or Spanish- Portuguese Jews. Ashkenazim are the people who use Nusach Ashkenaz, the prayer arrangement adopted by the medieval Franco-German Jews, including certain variations described as belonging to the Polish custom (Minhag Polin). In the 18th century, the Chasidic movement adopted the Sefardic arrangement of prayers; hence, the Chasidim have been called Sefardim on many occasions. The Ashkenazim in Eastern Europe developed an intense religious life, disseminating Talmudic scholarship among the people to a degree never before surpassed in Jewish history. Chasidim and Mithnaggedim and followers of the Haskalah movement (Maskilim) presented a changing pattern of types, trends and ideologies.

The Cripplegate | for a new generation of non-conformists THE HEBREW ALPHABET We would like to take the opportunity to thank you for visiting our website and for your concern in our 'Hebrew Alephbet Flash Cards'. These flash cards are free for your use and it is our sincerest hope that they may be a blessing to you in learning the Hebrew Alephbet. Shalom Scripture Studies, Inc. has from it's very beginning in 1974 never charged for our services. There is no charge placed upon anything we distribute (See: I Corinthians 9:18). Nevertheless, your prayers and support is needed. Please consider, as you download and learn the Hebrew Alephbet with the help of our flash cards, supporting Shalom Scripture Studies, Inc., by clicking on the 'PayPal' link below. Download the Hebrew Alephbet Flash Cards. Hebrew Alephbet Flash Cards

Most ancient Hebrew biblical inscription deciphered, scholar says A breakthrough in the research of the Hebrew scriptures has shed new light on the period in which the Bible was written. Professor Gershon Galil of the Department of Biblical Studies at the University of Haifa has deciphered an inscription on a pottery shard discovered in the Elah valley dating from the 10th century BCE (the period of King David's reign), and has shown that this is a Hebrew inscription. The discovery makes this the earliest known Hebrew writing. The significance of this breakthrough relates to the fact that at least some of the biblical scriptures were composed hundreds of years before the dates presented today in research and that the Kingdom of Israel already existed at that time. Prof. A breakthrough in the research of the Hebrew scriptures has shed new light on the period in which the Bible was written. Prof. Prof. The contents of the text express social sensitivity to the fragile position of weaker members of society. English translaton of the deciphered text:

Adam Was Black Hebrew Language, Grammar Pronunciation-Transliteration (adapted from ) The complete original document can be obtained from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) For the ISO standard for binary representation of Hebrew, see ISO- 8859-8. Blue letters are printed, red letters are for handwritten script. Note 29.11.98: draft ISO standard column added (based on article) in Ha'aretz weekend supplement, 27.11.98). The apostrophe ( ' ) when added to the letters gimel, zayin, and tzadik, produces three new letters which are used in modern Hebrew to represent foreign sounds (in words borrowed from French, English, Russian, ...) that do not exist in Biblical Hebrew. The standard pronunciation of modern Hebrew is a simplified version of the Sephardi pronunciation: in particular, the kaf-kuf, chet-chaf, and tet-tav pairs are pronounced identically and the alef and ayin are both silent vowel stops. t is transliterated as tet (e.g. universita), th is tav (theorema), w is vav vav Possessives:

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