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Ethical consumerism

Ethical consumerism
Ethical consumerism (alternatively called ethical consumption, ethical purchasing, moral purchasing, ethical sourcing, ethical shopping or green consumerism) is a type of consumer activism that is based on the concept of dollar voting. It is practiced through 'positive buying' in that ethical products are favoured, or 'moral boycott', that is negative purchasing and company-based purchasing.[1] The term "ethical consumer", now used generically, was first popularised by the UK magazine the Ethical Consumer, first published in 1989.[2] Ethical Consumer magazine's key innovation was to produce 'ratings tables', inspired by the criteria-based approach of the then emerging ethical investment movement. Basis[edit] Global morality[edit] An electric wire reel reused as a center table in a Rio de Janeirodecorationfair. Accordingly, ability is required and purchasing for vanity or status is abhorred and shunned. Spending as morality[edit] Growing diverse use of the term[edit] Positive buying[edit] Related:  chazporteraGreen Living

Ethical Consumerism; What It's About and the Environmental Benefits | Greenster Inc. Today, the planet is in a tailspin. Our environment wasn’t meant to cope with all the pollution and gunk we throw at it, and the problem is more far-reaching than you might think. Places all over the world are affected by the consumer choices that we make daily. Often called eco-consumerism, green consumerism and Ethical consumerism, the terms all mean pretty much the same thing. It’s thought that around 2015, temperatures around the world will rise severely because of the amount of greenhouse gases we’ve created. Because they’re unaware, most people aren’t changing their habits much. To do your part to preserve our world, you will need to learn new habits. While everyone needs consumer products, everyone also needs to learn how to reduce their impact on the planet. Ethical consumerism is vital to the survival of our planet. Photos Via Gourmet Shopper and Project GreenBag

An Opposing View on Corporate Social Responsibility The Economist's Matthew Bishop believes corporate social responsibility programs are bad for both businesses and under-developed communities. by Manda Salls In a day that celebrated social responsibility and corporate virtue, one speaker offered a counter view by calling such programs "a complete fig leaf" and saying they can do more harm than good. Matthew Bishop, business editor of The Economist, said company social responsibility initiatives could diminish shareholder returns, distract business leaders from their focus, and often allow companies to continue bad behavior in the shadows. "Are companies actually socially irresponsible? In the end, pressure put on businesses by non-governmental organizations and other advocates to create social as well as financial benefit may have the opposite effect of what is intended. Recalling his recent experience at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, in February, Bishop said that CSR proponents have terrified the CEOs of the world.

Brain This article compares the properties of brains across the entire range of animal species, with the greatest attention to vertebrates. It deals with the human brain insofar as it shares the properties of other brains. The ways in which the human brain differs from other brains are covered in the human brain article. Several topics that might be covered here are instead covered there because much more can be said about them in a human context. The most important is brain disease and the effects of brain damage, covered in the human brain article because the most common diseases of the human brain either do not show up in other species, or else manifest themselves in different ways. Anatomy[edit] Cross section of the olfactory bulb of a rat, stained in two different ways at the same time: one stain shows neuron cell bodies, the other shows receptors for the neurotransmitterGABA. Cellular structure[edit] Neurons generate electrical signals that travel along their axons. Evolution[edit]

Free range - Wikipedia A small flock of mixed free-range chickens being fed outdoors Free range denotes a method of farming husbandry where the animals, for at least part of the day, can roam freely outdoors, rather than being confined in an enclosure for 24 hours each day.[1] On many farms, the outdoors ranging area is fenced, thereby technically making this an enclosure, however, free range systems usually offer the opportunity for extensive locomotion and sunlight prevented by indoor housing systems. Free range may apply to meat, eggs or dairy farming. The term is used in two senses that do not overlap completely: as a farmer-centric description of husbandry methods, and as a consumer-centric description of them. There is a diet where the practitioner only eats meat from free-range sources called ethical omnivorism, which is a type of semivegetarian. In ranching, free-range livestock are permitted to roam without being fenced in, as opposed to fenced-in pastures. History[edit] United States[edit] The U.S.

Materialism and Consumerism. There Are Some Benefits to all Our Technological Gadgets, but Are We Going Too Far? Madonna's famous song Material Girl is a comment on materialism and consumerism (lyrics below). She wants to meet a rich man so she can buy the things she really wants. Is this song a comment of our times and our ever increasing greed? Materialism or consumerism are the terms given to the purchase of goods and services by consumers in an ever increasing amount. Since the 1980's our consumption has increased with the introduction of personal computers and credit cards along with a large amount of new products introduced into the market every day. The introduction of the Internet has revolutionised the way business is performed and the way consumers buy and sell products. Take the Apple iphone as an example, it was only introduced in January 2007 and Version 4 was just introduced in June 2010. The latest version of the iphone also had a technical problem with its antenna but this didn't stop consumers lining up overnight outside Apple stores to buy it when it was launched.

Shareholders v stakeholders: A new idolatry THE era of “Jack Welch capitalism” may be drawing to a close, predicted Richard Lambert, the head of the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), in a speech last month. When “Neutron Jack” (so nicknamed for his readiness to fire employees) ran GE, he was regarded as the incarnation of the idea that a firm's sole aim should be maximising returns to its shareholders. This idea has dominated American business for the past 25 years, and was spreading rapidly around the world until the financial crisis hit, calling its wisdom into question. Even Mr Welch has expressed doubts: “On the face of it, shareholder value is the dumbest idea in the world,” he said last year. In an article in a recent issue of the , Roger Martin, dean of the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management, charts the rise of what he calls the “tragically flawed premise” that firms should focus on maximising shareholder value, and argues that “it is time we abandoned it.”

Autonomous building An autonomous building is a building designed to be operated independently from infrastructural support services such as the electric power grid, gas grid, municipal water systems, sewage treatment systems, storm drains, communication services, and in some cases, public roads. Advocates of autonomous building describe advantages that include reduced environmental impacts, increased security, and lower costs of ownership. Some cited advantages satisfy tenets of green building, not independence per se (see below). Off-grid buildings often rely very little on civil services and are therefore safer and more comfortable during civil disaster or military attacks. (Off-grid buildings would not lose power or water if public supplies were compromised for some reason.) Most of the research and published articles concerning autonomous building focus on residential homes. British architects Brenda and Robert Vale have said that, as of 2002, History[edit] Advantages[edit] Disadvantages[edit] Systems[edit]

As Consumerism Spreads, Earth Suffers, Study Says Hillary Mayellfor National Geographic News January 12, 2004 Americans and Western Europeans have had a lock on unsustainable over- consumption for decades. But now developing countries are catching up rapidly, to the detriment of the environment, health, and happiness, according to the Worldwatch Institute in its annual report, State of the World 2004. Perfectly timed after the excesses of the holiday season, the report put out by the Washington, D.C. Approximately 1.7 billion people worldwide now belong to the "consumer class"—the group of people characterized by diets of highly processed food, desire for bigger houses, more and bigger cars, higher levels of debt, and lifestyles devoted to the accumulation of non-essential goods. Today nearly half of global consumers reside in developing countries, including 240 million in China and 120 million in India—markets with the most potential for expansion. From Luxuries to Necessities China provides a snapshot of changing realities.

Effects of Bad Corporate Social Responsibility: Aftermath of a Corporate Citizenship Campaign Gone Wrong | Corporate social responsibility (CSR) or corporate citizenship entails companies behaving in a socially responsible manner, and dealing with other business parties who do the same. With growing public awareness and demand for socially responsible businesses, it is little wonder that companies of today take corporate social responsibility into account when planning future socially responsible business operations. When a CSR campaign goes awfully wrong and backfires on a company, what are some of the effects? Bad CSR is Bad Publicity Companies that appear to be socially responsible by promulgating environment saving or environmental sustainability and, at the same time, being allegedly tangled in an illegal socially irresponsible activity is a tremendous message to send out to the stakeholders including consumers and investors. The effect of such CSR scandals is that credibility and the reputation of the company are undoubtedly badly damaged. Bad CSR leads to Legal Troubles

Elegance General concept[edit] Nonetheless, essential components of the concept include simplicity and consistency of design, focusing on the essential features of an object. In art of any kind one might also require dignified grace, or restrained beauty of style. Visual stimuli are frequently considered elegant if a small number of colors and stimuli are used, emphasizing the remainder. In mathematics[edit] In engineering[edit] In engineering, a solution may be considered elegant if it uses a non-obvious method to produce a solution which is highly effective and simple. In chemistry[edit] In chemistry, chemists might look for elegance in theory and method, in technique and procedure. In pharmacy[edit] In pharmacy, elegance in formulation is important for quality as well as effectiveness in dosage form design, a major component of pharmaceutics. References[edit] Further reading[edit]

Environmental ills? It’s consumerism, stupid Two typical German shepherds kept as pets in Europe or the U.S. consume more in a year than the average person living in Bangladesh, according to research by sustainability experts Brenda and Robert Vale of Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand. So are the world’s environmental ills really a result of the burgeoning number of humans on the planet—predicted to reach at least nine billion people by 2050? Or is it more due to the fact that although the human population has doubled in the past 50 years, we have increased our use of resources fourfold? After all, the roughly 40,000 attendees of the recent climate conference in Copenhagen produced more greenhouse gas emissions in just two weeks than 600,000 Ethiopians produce in a year. And consumerism isn’t even delivering on its own promise—a better life. What does he mean by a cultural shift? Nor is this cultural ethic of consumerism confined to the developed world; developing countries are adopting it as an economic model.