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Social Development Theory (Vygotsky

Social Development Theory (Vygotsky
Summary: Social Development Theory argues that social interaction precedes development; consciousness and cognition are the end product of socialization and social behavior. Originator: Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934). Key terms: Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), More Knowledgeable Other (MKO) Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory is the work of Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934), who lived during Russian Revolution. Vygotsky’s theory is one of the foundations of constructivism. Major themes: Social interaction plays a fundamental role in the process of cognitive development. Vygotsky focused on the connections between people and the sociocultural context in which they act and interact in shared experiences (Crawford, 1996). Applications of the Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory Many schools have traditionally held a transmissionist or instructionist model in which a teacher or lecturer ‘transmits’ information to students. Luis C. Related:  Flipped classroom infos

Educational Psychology Review, Volume 3, Number 3 Dual coding theory (DCT) explains human behavior and experience in terms of dynamic associative processes that operate on a rich network of modality-specific verbal and nonverbal (or imagery) representations. We first describe the underlying premises of the theory and then show how the basic DCT mechanisms can be used to model diverse educational phenomena. The research demonstrates that concreteness, imagery, and verbal associative processes play major roles in various educational domains: the representation and comprehension of knowledge, learning and memory of school material, effective instruction, individual differences, achievement motivation and test anxiety, and the learning of motor skills. DCT also has important implications for the science and practice of educational psychology — specifically, for educational research and teacher education.

Définir des objectifs pédagogiques efficaces et cohérents grâce à la taxonomie de Bloom et la méthode SMART Une fois les besoins et attentes de formation analysés, définir vos objectifs pédagogiques constitue une étape fondamentale dans le développement de votre projet de formation. C’est le message que j’avais tenté de faire passer dans l’article de lundi : cette étape vous permet non seulement de baliser votre parcours, et aussi d’en faciliter l’évaluation. Toutefois il n’est pas toujours évident de définir facilement ses objectifs pédagogiques : quelles formulations utiliser ? faut-il nécessairement intégrer des verbes d’action ? comment vérifier que les objectifs soient effectivement opérationnels ?… La bonne nouvelle, c’est qu’il existe 2 outils simples et géniaux qui, combinés, peuvent vous aider à réaliser cette étape les doigts dans le nez : il s’agit de la taxonomie de Bloom et de la méthode SMART. Je vous propose de passer ces 2 outils en revue ci-dessous : La taxonomie de Bloom pour définir vos objectifs pédagogiques… [table id=1 /] … et la méthode SMART pour les affiner ! Sources :

Stage Theory of Cognitive Development (Piaget Summary: Piaget’s Stage Theory of Cognitive Development is a description of cognitive development as four distinct stages in children: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete, and formal. Originator: Jean Piaget (1896-1980) Key Terms: Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete, formal, accommodation, assimilation. Piaget’s Stage Theory of Cognitive Development Swiss biologist and psychologist Jean Piaget (1896-1980) observed his children (and their process of making sense of the world around them) and eventually developed a four-stage model of how the mind processes new information encountered. He posited that children progress through 4 stages and that they all do so in the same order. Sensorimotor stage (Birth to 2 years old).

Qu'est-ce que la classe inversée ?LeWebPédagogique Depuis 2012, les expériences de classe inversée se multiplient et sont de plus en plus médiatisées. Née outre-Atlantique en 2004, la pédagogie inversée a été popularisée deux ans plus tard par Salman Khan et son académie virtuelle dont le principe est de « fournir un enseignement de grande qualité à tous, partout » en publiant sur le web des mini-leçons gratuites et stockées sur YouTube. L’objectif de Salman Khan est d’utiliser les vidéos pour réinventer l’éducation. C’est ce qu’il explique dans cette conférence TED « en démontrant le pouvoir des exercices interactifs et en appellant les enseignants à réviser le contenu d’une classe traditionnelle – en donnant aux étudiants des conférences vidéos à regarder à la maison, et en faisant les « devoirs » dans la salle de classe avec l’enseignant disponible pour apporter de l’aide. » Ce Prezi d’Adeline Colin revient sur la philosophe de la classe inversée et sur sa mise en pratique. article 1 : leurs motivations, les effets constatés

Balancing the Two Faces of E-Portfolios Printable version of this paper (PDF - 2 MB) Helen C. Barrett Figure 1. Balancing the Two Faces of E-Portfolios Learning Objectives After completing this chapter, you should be able to: · Explain the two major purposes for developing e-portfolios in education · Outline how to balance both process and product to enhance learner engagement with the e-portfolio process · Understand how students’ experiences with social networking can contribute to their engagement with e-portfolio development · Understand the role of intrinsic motivation in the e-portfolio development process · Outline a developmental process to implement e-portfolios through three levels: 1. 2. 3. This chapter focuses on these two major purposes for developing e-portfolios, and how to balance both approaches to enhance learner engagement with the e-portfolio process. U. Technology also gives students opportunities for taking ownership of their learning. Later in the publication, in the section on Assessment: Why E-Portfolios?

B. F. Skinner Burrhus Frederic (B. F.) Skinner (March 20, 1904 – August 18, 1990) was an American psychologist, behaviorist, author, inventor, and social philosopher.[1][2][3][4] He was the Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology at Harvard University from 1958 until his retirement in 1974.[5] Skinner invented the operant conditioning chamber, also known as the Skinner Box.[6] He was a firm believer of the idea that human free will was actually an illusion and any human action was the result of the consequences of that same action. If the consequences were bad, there was a high chance that the action would not be repeated; however if the consequences were good, the actions that led to it would be reinforced.[7] He called this the principle of reinforcement.[8] He innovated his own philosophy of science called radical behaviorism,[9] and founded his own school of experimental research psychology—the experimental analysis of behavior, coining the term operant conditioning. Biography[edit] Theory[edit]

La taxonomie de BLOOM La classification des objectifs en catégories est ce que l'on appelle la « Taxonomie des objectifs ». L'intérêt d’une taxonomie est qu'elle permet d'identifier la nature des capacités sollicitées par un objectif de formation et son degré de complexité. Cette information, parmi d’autres, permet d’adapter la méthode de formation. De ses travaux Benjamin Bloom , psychologue en éducation, a fait émerger une classification des niveaux de pensée importants dans le processus d'apprentissage. Vis à vis du domaine cognitif, Bloom identifie 6 types d'activités, du plus simple au plus complexe, comprenant chacune un ou plusieurs sous-domaines : Bloom fait l'hypothèse que les habiletés peuvent être mesurées sur un continuum allant de simple à complexe. La taxonomie des objectifs éducationnels de Bloom est composée des six niveaux suivants : la connaissance, la compréhension, l'application, l'analyse, la synthèse et l’évaluation. 1-Retenir des connaissances Il peut s’agir de : Il peut s’agir de

Constructivism Summary: Constructivism as a paradigm or worldview posits that learning is an active, constructive process. The learner is an information constructor. People actively construct or create their own subjective representations of objective reality. New information is linked to to prior knowledge, thus mental representations are subjective. Originators and important contributors: Vygotsky, Piaget, Dewey, Vico, Rorty, Bruner Keywords: Learning as experience, activity and dialogical process; Problem Based Learning (PBL); Anchored instruction; Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD); cognitive apprenticeship (scaffolding); inquiry and discovery learning. Constructivism A reaction to didactic approaches such as behaviorism and programmed instruction, constructivism states that learning is an active, contextualized process of constructing knowledge rather than acquiring it. Vygotsky’s social development theory is one of the foundations for constructivism.

Camtasia Reviews edshelf Page not found. If you think this is a mistake let us know. Were you looking for a tool? Sign in Sign in using one of these services Google Facebook Twitter Or, enter your email address and password Forgot your password? Add to a collection Sign in or create an account to add this tool to a collection. An Introduction to Connective Knowledge Revised and Updated (minor corrections and typos only) and placed in MS-Word Document form, November 27, 2007. Click here. The version that follows below is the original (uncorrected) version). Yet another article, describing new forms of knowledge as probablistic, has crossed my desk today, and consequently it seems appropriate at this time to type a few words on the nature of distributed knowledge. It should go without saying that these are my own thoughts, and this discussion should not therefore be considered an authoritative reference on the subject. a. You probably grew up learning that there are two major types of knowledge: qualitative and quantitative. Distributed knowledge adds a third major category to this domain, knowledge that could be described as connective. This is more than just the existence of a relation between one entity and another; it implies interaction. This is why it is incorrect to represent distributed knowledge merely as a type of probabilistic knowledge.

Συμπεριφοριστικές Θεωρίες Μάθησης Compte rendu d’une stratégie de classe inversée en collège (1) Comment l’expérience de la classe inversée a-t-elle débuté ? D’abord, j’ai fait un constat : depuis 18 ans que j’enseigne, j’ai toujours un pourcentage d’élèves en difficultés, des élèves qui n’ont pas acquis les connaissances attendues au terme d’un chapitre. Si je me fie aux notes, un tiers voire la moitié des élèves sont en-dessous de 12 sur 20. Bref, pourquoi ne pas changer ? Comment la classe inversée peut-elle aider les élèves dans l’apprentissage ? Dans ce compte rendu, je propose une première partie qui apporte quelques éléments sur la classe inversée et une seconde partie qui répond à quelques critiques sur cette démarche à l’aide de mon expérience. 1. La classe inversée consiste à proposer des savoirs sous forme par exemple d’une page d’un manuel ou d’une capsule vidéo. Cette démarche de classe inversée s’inscrit dans les pédagogies de l’apprentissage dont on retrouve des précurseurs au début du 20e siècle. En conclusion de cette première partie : 2. 3.

Cognitivism Summary: The cognitivist paradigm essentially argues that the “black box” of the mind should be opened and understood. The learner is viewed as an information processor (like a computer). Originators and important contributors: Merrill -Component Display Theory (CDT), Reigeluth (Elaboration Theory), Gagne, Briggs, Wager, Bruner (moving toward cognitive constructivism), Schank (scripts), Scandura (structural learning) Keywords: Schema, schemata, information processing, symbol manipulation, information mapping, mental models Cognitivism The cognitivist revolution replaced behaviorism in 1960s as the dominant paradigm. A response to behaviorism, people are not “programmed animals” that merely respond to environmental stimuli; people are rational beings that require active participation in order to learn, and whose actions are a consequence of thinking.

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