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Scientific Beekeeping

Scientific Beekeeping

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Apis cerana Apis cerana, or the Asiatic honey bee (or the eastern honey bee), is a species of honey bee found in southern and southeastern Asia, including China, Pakistan, India, Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Nepal, Bangladesh, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. This species is the sister species of Apis koschevnikovi, and both are in the same subgenus as the western (European) honey bee, Apis mellifera.[1][2][3][4] A. cerana is known to live sympatrically as well with Apis koschevnikovi within the same geographic location.[5] Apis cerana colonies are known for building nests consisting of multiple combs in cavities containing a small entrance, presumably for defense against invasion by individuals of another nest.[6] The diet of this honey bee species consists mostly of pollen and nectar, or honey.[7] Moreover, Apis cerana is known for its highly social behavior, reflective of its classification as a type of honey bee.[4] Taxonomy and Phylogeny[edit]

The importance of stupidity in scientific research I recently saw an old friend for the first time in many years. We had been Ph.D. students at the same time, both studying science, although in different areas. She later dropped out of graduate school, went to Harvard Law School and is now a senior lawyer for a major environmental organization. At some point, the conversation turned to why she had left graduate school. To my utter astonishment, she said it was because it made her feel stupid. Destructive Bee Health Pests In the mid-1980s, the number one destructive pest of the western honey bee (Apis mellifera), the parasitic mite Varroa destructor, was introduced to the United States and has since spread to almost all honey bee colonies in North America. Varroa was first detected on western honey bees back in the 1950s after shifting from its original host, A. cerana. It now is present in most areas of the world where the western honey bee is present, as a result of natural migration, but most actively with assistance from humans who move bees for trade both legally and illegally (Navajas, 2010). It is now difficult to find a “varroa-free” western honey bee colony anywhere except for Australia and Newfoundland in Canada, and possibly a few other isolated island locations. The Asian honey bee (Apis cerana) co-evolved with Varroa and has specific behavioral characteristics, such as hygienic grooming, that help to minimize the effects of the mite.

Varroa Mite Reproductive Biology - eXtension Learn about some of the latest research into bee decline. Managed Pollinator Coordinated Agriculture Program (CAP) Updates A National Research and Extension Initiative to Reverse Pollinator Decline This is part of an ongoing series of updates from the Managed Pollinator CAP. Additional installments can be found at the: CAP Updates Table of Contents Apis dorsata Apis dorsata, the giant honey bee, is a honey bee of South and Southeast Asia, found mainly in forested areas such as the Terai of Nepal and sometimes even in Malaysia and Singapore. They are typically around 17–20 mm (0.7–0.8 in) long in size. Nests are mainly built in exposed places far off the ground, like on tree limbs, under cliff overhangs, and sometimes on buildings. These social bees are known for their aggressive defense strategies and vicious behavior when disturbed. Indigenous peoples have traditionally used this species as a source of honey and beeswax, a practice known as honey hunting.[1] Taxonomy and Phylogeny[edit]

How to Start Beekeeping: What's All the Buzz About? No wonder more and more folks are making a beeline for beekeeping — a single hive of these tiny, social pollinators can provide 40 to 60 pounds of golden honey per year, as well as a few pounds of ever-useful beeswax. Plus, many crops need honey bees (Apis mellifera) to achieve good fruit set and high yields. This pollination benefit is becoming increasingly important because of industrial agriculture’s dependency on toxic pesticides, which poison bees’ food supplies and result in lower pollinator populations. Let's Make a Candyboard for Winter Feeding - Overwintering Honey Bees by Anita Deeley at Winter has arrived and the girls are hungry! Time to make a Candyboard for Winter feeding. Honey bee Etymology and name[edit] The genus name Apis is Latin for "bee".[3] Origin, systematics and distribution[edit] Distribution of honey bees around the world

Natural Beekeeping The best things in life are free, and bees are no exception. A good swarm trap is really all you need to get started in beekeeping. The first season I put ten swarm traps out, five swarms moved in! Roll Your Own Extractor “What are the odds this will catch fire and explode?” asked my wife, as I pitched her my latest project. A veteran, some would say survivor of fourteen years of my schemes and contraptions, my wife saw the gleam in my eye as soon as I started describing it. I never meant to own an extractor, not when I started. I planned to stay small, have two or three hives, and harvest my honey via crush and strain.

Traditional beekeepingPollination by Honeybees in the Philippines Traditional beekeeping for the Ligwan and other ‘hive bees’ ‘Hive bees’ are those bees that naturally make their colonies inside holes in trees or in the ground, and so can be kept inside a hollowed out tree trunk or basket or box or pot of some kind that can be made from many different materials. (There is Egyptian art of around 4,500 years ago that shows some form of beehive being used.) In some countries of Africa, Asia and the Middle East bees may be kept inside cavities built into house walls. This keeps bees safe from predators and protected from extremes of heat or cold. The purpose of a hive is to encourage the bees to build their nests in such a way that it is easy for the beekeeper to manage and maintain them.

See Which Health Supplements Aren't Backed By Science There are a lot of fad diets and articles out there that tell you which commonplace and obscure supplements you should be adding to your diet. But how do you discern the genuine from the bullsh*t? This graph by David McCandless, which he posted to in 2012, ranks hundreds of health supplements based on the amount of scientific research backing their big claims.