A metasystem transition is the emergence, through evolution, of a higher level of organization or control. The concept of metasystem transition was introduced by the cybernetician Valentin Turchin in his 1970 book "The Phenomenon of Science", and developed among others by Francis Heylighen in the Principia Cybernetica Project. The related notion of evolutionary transition was proposed by the biologists John Maynard Smith and Eörs Szathmáry, in their 1995 book The Major Transitions in Evolution. Another related idea, that systems ("operators") evolve to become more complex by successive closures encapsulating components in a larger whole, is proposed in "The operator theory", developed by Gerard Jagers op Akkerhuis. Turchin has applied the concept of metasystem transition in the domain of computing, via the notion of metacompilation or supercompilation. Evolutionary Quanta See also References
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How to Build a Collective Intelligence Platform to Crowdsource Almost AnythingIntroduction The MIT Center for Collective Intelligence recently published an important overview of the theory and mechanisms behind successful crowdsourcing efforts. Their report, called “Harnessing Crowds: Mapping the Genome of Collective Intelligence“, can be found here. Their research reveals similarities behind many high-profile collective intelligence (CI) systems, including Threadless, Wikipedia and InnoCentive. It then describes how these lesson can be applied to the design of other successful CI platforms. I call this work the MIT Approach to Collective Intelligence, which is a generic approach applicable to a wide range of problems and circumstances. The MIT approach to collective intelligence According to the Center for Collective Intelligence, a good collective intelligence platform (CI) must address the following themes: These four themes then translate into the following four questions: What is to be accomplished? Figure 1, the basic building blocks of a CI system Conclusion
The Major Transitions in EvolutionThe Major Transitions in Evolution is a book written by John Maynard Smith and Eörs Szathmáry (Oxford University Press, 1995). This was a seminal publication that continues to contribute to ongoing issues in evolutionary biology. Maynard Smith and Szathmáry identified several properties common to the transitions: As stated by the authors, this book was aimed at professional biologists and assumes considerable prior knowledge. See also ReferencesParadigm shiftA paradigm shift (or revolutionary science) is, according to Thomas Kuhn, in his influential book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962), a change in the basic assumptions, or paradigms, within the ruling theory of science. It is in contrast to his idea of normal science. According to Kuhn, "A paradigm is what members of a scientific community, and they alone, share" (The Essential Tension, 1977). Unlike a normal scientist, Kuhn held, "a student in the humanities has constantly before him a number of competing and incommensurable solutions to these problems, solutions that he must ultimately examine for himself" (The Structure of Scientific Revolutions). Kuhnian paradigm shifts Kuhn used the duck-rabbit optical illusion to demonstrate the way in which a paradigm shift could cause one to see the same information in an entirely different way. Science and paradigm shift Examples of paradigm shifts Natural sciences Social sciences Marketing M.
European Centre For Collective Intelligence - Comment, ensemble, faire progresser l'Intelligence Collective ?Nous sommes, en tant qu’individus, organisations et sociétés, confrontés à des défis sans précédents. Leur complexité révèle les limites de l’intelligence individuelle, des modes de fonctionnement entre experts ou dirigeants, ainsi que les dangers de visions trop mécanistes de la gestion du changement. Dans notre société dite “de la connaissance”, la capacité à innover, créer, décider et agir ensemble devient encore plus critique. De nouvelles approches émergent, qui permettent de partager plus fructueusement les savoirs, les expériences, les idées, de renouer avec un sens de communauté et de générer un mouvement d’action vers un futur plus durable; plus humain et plus sage... La mission de l’European Centre for Collective Intelligence (EC4CI en abrégé) est de contribuer au développement de l’Intelligence et de la Sagesse Collectives dans les organisations (entreprises, institutions publiques et privées, associations et réseaux) et la société civile.
EmergentismIn philosophy, emergentism is the belief in emergence, particularly as it involves consciousness and the philosophy of mind, and as it contrasts (or not) with reductionism. A property of a system is said to be emergent if it is in some sense more than the "sum" of the properties of the system's parts. An emergent property is said to be dependent on some more basic properties (and their relationships and configuration), so that it can have no separate existence. However, a degree of independence is also asserted of emergent properties, so that they are not identical to, or reducible to, or predictable from, or deducible from their bases. The different ways in which the independence requirement can be satisfied lead to variant types of emergence. Forms of emergentism Other varieties see mind or consciousness as specifically and anomalously requiring emergentist explanation, and therefore constitute a family of positions in the philosophy of mind. Relationship to vitalism C. C.
Main Page - Metagovernment - Government of, by, and for all the peopleOlivier Zara - Consultant en management & médias sociaux - Montréal Quebec CanadaThe Emergence of Collective Intelligence | Ledface Blog~Aristotle When we observe large schools of fish swimming, we might wonder who is choreographing that complex and sophisticated dance, in which thousands of individuals move in harmony as if they knew exactly what to do to produce the collective spectacle. So, what is “Emergence”? School of fishes dancing is an example of “emergence”, a process where new properties, behaviors, or complex patterns results of relatively simple rules and interactions. One can see emergence as some magic phenomena or just as a surprising result caused by the current inability of our reductionist mind to understand complex patterns. Humans can do it too We humans have even built artificial environments that allow for collective intelligence to express itself. Each and every actor in the financial markets has no significant control over or awareness of its inputs. Can we transpose it to other domains? Nobody can single-handedly create “collective intelligence”. Too remote of a possibility?
NoocracyNoocracy (/noʊˈɒkrəsi/ or /ˈnoʊ.əkrəsi/), or "aristocracy of the wise", as defined by Plato, is a social and political system that is "based on the priority of human mind", according to Vladimir Vernadsky. It was also further developed in the writings of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. Etymology Development One of the first attempts to implement such a political system was perhaps Pythagoras' "city of the wise" that he planned to build in Italy together with his followers, the order of "mathematikoi." As defined by Plato, Noocracy is considered to be the future political system for the entire human race, replacing Democracy ("the authority of the crowd") and other forms of government. Publications In the European Commission Community Research publication, Art & Scientific Research are Free: Towards a Culture of Life, it states several commentaries by Hans Jonas and especially Ladislav Kovác about Noocracy. See also References
Les maîtres ignorants » L’intelligence collective (fiche de synthèse)Cette fiche est une proposition de synthèse des différentes interventions lors de la session d’« autoformation » du 20/10/2012, à laquelle une quarantaine de personnes ont participé. Problématique : pourquoi ce sujet ?(introduction par Jean-Baptiste) A l’époque de la démocratie athénienne, les opposants à ce système de gouvernance déclaraient en substance : « comment le peuple, qui n’arrive pas à se gouverner lui-même, pourrait-il gouverner la cité ? » ; nous sommes tous pleins d’incompétences, nous arrivons souvent mal à mener notre propre vie, comment l’addition de ces insuffisances peut-elle produire de bons choix et une bonne organisation pour la société ? La réponse de ceux qui croient en la démocratie est que, collectivement, nous pouvons faire preuve de plus d’intelligence et de jugement que ce dont chacun d’entre nous est capable individuellement. D’où la question : qu’est-ce que l’intelligence collective ? Qu’est-ce que l’intelligence collective ?