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Metasystem transition

Metasystem transition
A metasystem transition is the emergence, through evolution, of a higher level of organization or control. The concept of metasystem transition was introduced by the cybernetician Valentin Turchin in his 1970 book "The Phenomenon of Science", and developed among others by Francis Heylighen in the Principia Cybernetica Project. The related notion of evolutionary transition was proposed by the biologists John Maynard Smith and Eörs Szathmáry, in their 1995 book The Major Transitions in Evolution. Another related idea, that systems ("operators") evolve to become more complex by successive closures encapsulating components in a larger whole, is proposed in "The operator theory", developed by Gerard Jagers op Akkerhuis. Turchin has applied the concept of metasystem transition in the domain of computing, via the notion of metacompilation or supercompilation. Evolutionary Quanta[edit] See also[edit] References[edit] Related:  Collective Intelligence Refs...

How to Build a Collective Intelligence Platform to Crowdsource Almost Anything Introduction The MIT Center for Collective Intelligence recently published an important overview of the theory and mechanisms behind successful crowdsourcing efforts. Their report, called “Harnessing Crowds: Mapping the Genome of Collective Intelligence“, can be found here. Their research reveals similarities behind many high-profile collective intelligence (CI) systems, including Threadless, Wikipedia and InnoCentive. It then describes how these lesson can be applied to the design of other successful CI platforms. I call this work the MIT Approach to Collective Intelligence, which is a generic approach applicable to a wide range of problems and circumstances. The MIT approach to collective intelligence According to the Center for Collective Intelligence, a good collective intelligence platform (CI) must address the following themes: These four themes then translate into the following four questions: What is to be accomplished? Figure 1, the basic building blocks of a CI system Conclusion

Paradigm shift A paradigm shift (or revolutionary science) is, according to Thomas Kuhn, in his influential book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962), a change in the basic assumptions, or paradigms, within the ruling theory of science. It is in contrast to his idea of normal science. According to Kuhn, "A paradigm is what members of a scientific community, and they alone, share" (The Essential Tension, 1977). Unlike a normal scientist, Kuhn held, "a student in the humanities has constantly before him a number of competing and incommensurable solutions to these problems, solutions that he must ultimately examine for himself" (The Structure of Scientific Revolutions). Kuhnian paradigm shifts[edit] Kuhn used the duck-rabbit optical illusion to demonstrate the way in which a paradigm shift could cause one to see the same information in an entirely different way. Science and paradigm shift[edit] Examples of paradigm shifts[edit] Natural sciences[edit] Social sciences[edit] Marketing[edit] M.

European Centre For Collective Intelligence - Comment, ensemble, faire progresser l'Intelligence Collective ? Nous sommes, en tant qu’individus, organisations et sociétés, confrontés à des défis sans précédents. Leur complexité révèle les limites de l’intelligence individuelle, des modes de fonctionnement entre experts ou dirigeants, ainsi que les dangers de visions trop mécanistes de la gestion du changement. Dans notre société dite “de la connaissance”, la capacité à innover, créer, décider et agir ensemble devient encore plus critique. De nouvelles approches émergent, qui permettent de partager plus fructueusement les savoirs, les expériences, les idées, de renouer avec un sens de communauté et de générer un mouvement d’action vers un futur plus durable; plus humain et plus sage... La mission de l’European Centre for Collective Intelligence (EC4CI en abrégé) est de contribuer au développement de l’Intelligence et de la Sagesse Collectives dans les organisations (entreprises, institutions publiques et privées, associations et réseaux) et la société civile.

Main Page - Metagovernment - Government of, by, and for all the people Olivier Zara - Consultant en management & médias sociaux - Montréal Quebec Canada Noocracy Noocracy (/noʊˈɒkrəsi/ or /ˈnoʊ.əkrəsi/), or "aristocracy of the wise", as defined by Plato, is a social and political system that is "based on the priority of human mind", according to Vladimir Vernadsky.[citation needed] It was also further developed in the writings of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin.[citation needed] Etymology[edit] Development[edit] One of the first attempts to implement such a political system was perhaps Pythagoras' "city of the wise" that he planned to build in Italy together with his followers, the order of "mathematikoi." As defined by Plato, Noocracy is considered to be the future political system for the entire human race, replacing Democracy ("the authority of the crowd") and other forms of government. Publications[edit] In the European Commission Community Research publication, Art & Scientific Research are Free: Towards a Culture of Life, it states several commentaries by Hans Jonas and especially Ladislav Kovác about Noocracy.[1] See also[edit] References[edit]

Les maîtres ignorants » L’intelligence collective (fiche de synthèse) Cette fiche est une proposition de synthèse des différentes interventions lors de la session d’« autoformation » du 20/10/2012, à laquelle une quarantaine de personnes ont participé. Problématique : pourquoi ce sujet ?(introduction par Jean-Baptiste) A l’époque de la démocratie athénienne, les opposants à ce système de gouvernance déclaraient en substance : « comment le peuple, qui n’arrive pas à se gouverner lui-même, pourrait-il gouverner la cité ? » ; nous sommes tous pleins d’incompétences, nous arrivons souvent mal à mener notre propre vie, comment l’addition de ces insuffisances peut-elle produire de bons choix et une bonne organisation pour la société ? La réponse de ceux qui croient en la démocratie est que, collectivement, nous pouvons faire preuve de plus d’intelligence et de jugement que ce dont chacun d’entre nous est capable individuellement. D’où la question : qu’est-ce que l’intelligence collective ? Qu’est-ce que l’intelligence collective ?

Open-source governance Open-source governance is a political philosophy which advocates the application of the philosophies of the open source and open content movements to democratic principles in order to enable any interested citizen to add to the creation of policy, as with a wiki document. Legislation is democratically opened to the general citizenry, employing their collective wisdom to benefit the decision-making process and improve democracy.[1] Theories on how to constrain, limit or enable this participation vary however as much as any other political philosophy or ideology. Accordingly there is no one dominant theory of how to go about authoring legislation with this approach. There are a wide array of projects and movements which are working on building open-source governance systems.[2] Applications of the principles[edit] In practice, several applications have evolved and been used by actual democratic institutions in the developed world:[3] Common and simultaneous policy[edit] History[edit]

Global Futures Intelligence System The Millennium Project is integrating all of its information, groups, and software into a "Global Futures Intelligence System." GFIS* is The Millennium Project’s new way for you to participate with and have access to all of our resources in one place. Those who buy a one-year subscription can interact with all the elements of the system, make suggestions, initiate discussions with experts around the world, and search through over 10,000 pages of futures research and 1,300 pages of methods. Introduction to the Global Futures Intelligence System Instead of publishing the State of the Future once a year, the material is being updated in the Global Futures Intelligence System on a continual basis – the same is true with Futures Research Methodology – you do not have to wait five or so years to get a new version. To Order Global Futures Intelligence System please click on one of the subscription options below. * includes 10 users; additional users beyond 10 cost $25/year

Sociocracy Sociocracy is a system of governance, using consent-based decision making among equivalent individuals and an organizational structure based on cybernetic principles.[1] The most recent implementation of sociocracy by Gerard Endenburg,[2] also known as Circular Organizing, was developed as a new tool for governance of private enterprise, but has been adopted in many different kinds of organizations including public, private, non-profit and community organizations as well as professional associations. Origins[edit] The word sociocracy is derived from the Latin and Greek words socius (companion) and kratein (to govern). It is English for the word sociocratie, coined in 1851 by Auguste Comte, a French positivist philosopher (who also derived the word sociology from social physics) and later used by the U.S. sociologist Lester Frank Ward in a paper he wrote for the Penn Monthly in 1881 and later still by Dutchman Kees Boeke, who applied the concept to education. Essential principles[edit]