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What are the Fallacy Files?

What are the Fallacy Files?
I began collecting and studying logical fallacies about twenty-five years ago, when I first became interested in logic. This collection took two forms: A collection of named fallacies—such as "ad hominem"—that is, types of bad reasoning which someone has thought distinctive and interesting enough to name and describe. Some years after I began to amass these files, I wondered just what I ought eventually to do with them, how best to organize the information within them, and in what form to make them available to others interested in fallacy studies. Praise for the Fallacy Files Contribute to the Fallacy Files You can contribute fallacies and examples to the files by sending them to me. The Fallacy Files is an Amazon Associate and every time you click on a link to Amazon and make a purchase, the Fallacy Files will receive a small commission. Email Policy Any examples sent to The Fallacy Files or questions asked may be used in entries, the weblog, or other features. Advertisement Policy Related:  CLILLife, The Universe & Everything

Logical Fallacies Logical Fallacies: The Fallacy Files Preparare l'Advanced Certificate (CAE) - Trucchi Londra Preparare l ‘ Advanced Certificate (CAE) Per Conto Tuo Si può passare l’esame dell’Advanced Certificate senza rivolgersi a una scuola privata o a un professore? Non solo ti dico che questo è possibile, io personalmente ci sono riuscito, ma in questo post spiegherò come sono riuscito a superare l ‘ Advanced Certificate di Cambridge preparandomi da solo, senza frequentare nessuna scuola o lezioni specifiche e solo con il supporto dei libri che citerò di seguito. Dopo aver superato il First Certificate preparandomi da solo, mi sono chiesto: perché non l’Advanced? Mi sono detto che non mi sarei fermato fino a quando non avrei superato il Proficiency. Questa era più una sfida personale che necessità di dominare la lingua. Quindi decisi di dare inizio alle danze e di prepararmi per conto mio all’Advanced Certificate (CAE). Cambridge Advanced Certificate: Considerazioni generali E così ho fatto, ho acquistato alcuni libri (li citerò più avanti) e iniziai a seguirli giorno per giorno. Reading

Fallacy A fallacy is the use of poor, or invalid, reasoning for the construction of an argument.[1][2] A fallacious argument may be deceptive by appearing to be better than it really is. Some fallacies are committed intentionally to manipulate or persuade by deception, while others are committed unintentionally due to carelessness or ignorance. Fallacies are commonly divided into "formal" and "informal". Formal fallacy[edit] Main article: Formal fallacy A formal fallacy is a common error of thinking that can neatly be expressed in standard system of logic.[1] An argument that is formally fallacious is rendered invalid due to a flaw in its logical structure. The presence of a formal fallacy in a deductive argument does not imply anything about the argument's premises or its conclusion. Common examples[edit] Aristotle's Fallacies[edit] Aristotle was the first to systematize logical errors into a list. Whately's grouping of fallacies[edit] Intentional fallacies[edit] Deductive fallacy[edit]

How To Evaluate Health Information on the Internet: Questions and Answers Key Points Any Web site should make it easy for you to learn who is responsible for the site and its information (see Question 1). If the person or organization in charge of the Web site did not write the material, the Web site should clearly identify the original source of the information (see Question 4). Health-related Web sites should give information about the medical credentials of the people who have prepared or reviewed the material on the site (see Question 6). Any Web site that asks you for personal information should explain exactly what the site will and will not do with that information (see Question 9). The growing popularity of the Internet has made finding health information easier and faster. 1. Any Web site should make it easy for you to learn who is responsible for the site and its information. 2. It costs money to run a Web site. 3. The person or organization that runs a Web site and the site's funding sources determine the site's purpose. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

25 Insights on Becoming a Better Writer When George Plimpton asked Ernest Hemingway what the best training for an aspiring writer would be in a 1954 interview, Hem replied, “Let’s say that he should go out and hang himself because he finds that writing well is impossibly difficult. Then he should be cut down without mercy and forced by his own self to write as well as he can for the rest of his life. At least he will have the story of the hanging to commence with.” Today, writing well is more important than ever. So what can we do to improve our writing short of hanging ourselves? 1. Don’t just plan to write—write. 2. [The] Resistance knows that the longer we noodle around “getting ready,” the more time and opportunity we’ll have to sabotage ourselves. 3. Find your best time of the day for writing and write. 4. Work on a computer that is disconnected from the internet. 5. Find a subject you care about and which you in your heart feel others should care about. 6. 7. Hone your outline and then cling to it as a lifeline. 8. 9.

Logic Self-Taught: A Workbook (by Dr.P.) Logic Self-Taught: A Workbook © Katarzyna Paprzycka (dr.p) [Katazhyna Papzhytska] propositional logic, predicate logic, Katarzyna Paprzycka, Dr.P., propositional logic, Logic Self-Taught: A Workbook, sentential logic, quantifier logic, logic for dummies, logic for everybody, logic for people, logic for students, logic textbook on-line, logic textbook for WebCT, logic textbook for Blackboard, logic textbook for e-learning, natural deduction, teaching logic, logic for high-school students, logic for non-logicians, logic for lawyers, logic for philosophers, teaching to do proofs, Bergmann, Moor, Nelson, The Logic Book, Solutions to logic exercises, logic help.

Home Fallacies Dr. Michael C. Labossiere, the author of a Macintosh tutorial named Fallacy Tutorial Pro 3.0, has kindly agreed to allow the text of his work to appear on the Nizkor site, as a Nizkor Feature. It remains © Copyright 1995 Michael C. Other sites that list and explain fallacies include: Constructing a Logical Argument Description of Fallacies In order to understand what a fallacy is, one must understand what an argument is. There are two main types of arguments: deductive and inductive. A fallacy is, very generally, an error in reasoning. Take Back Skepticism, Part I: The Elephant in the Room – ICBS Everywhere I was planning a short rant about some ironically irrational arguments made by self-described rationalists at the World Atheist Convention in Dublin a couple of months ago. However, events of the past two weeks have left me frustrated, angry, and a little bit sick. Since they are all connected, I have decided to discuss them together in one long post, broken into three parts for easier reading. The Nutshell Arguments over scope and the conflation of atheism and skepticism have reached a fever pitch, as have arguments over tone. In my opinion, the tone and scope arguments dance around a bigger problem and I do not believe that we can afford to ignore the elephants in the room any longer. In both his TAM6 and TAM9 keynote addresses, Neil deGrasse Tyson talked about a letter he wrote to the editor of The New York Times regarding a case in which a teacher was accused of promoting creationist-style anti-science (bold mine): A Tiny Bit of Background Skepticism 2.x has been costly.

How to Deliver Bad News in Writing While you can't turn bad news into good through clever wording, the way that you deliver bad news in writing can affect how it is received the same way that it does when speaking. Some speakers know how to deliver bad news, and others only make it worse. The same is true in writing. The introduction is very important. It sets the context for the bad news, and context has a lot to do with how bad news is received. Instead of jumping straight into the bad, try leading with something positive. The bad news itself should go in the middle of your message. Once delivered, the bad news should be followed by the remedy, lesson learned, or course of action that will result in future prevention or improvement. Conclude by showing that you care. The key to delivering bad news is trust. By Carl Dickson, Founder of Click here for more free articles like this one

Lynch, Guide to Grammar and Style — A A or An. Use an in place of a when it precedes a vowel sound, not just a vowel. That means it's “an honor” (the h is silent), but “a UFO” (because it's pronounced yoo eff oh). Most of the confusion with a or an arises from acronyms and other abbreviations: some people think it's wrong to use an in front of an abbreviation like “MRI” because “an” can only go before vowels. One tricky case comes up from time to time: is it “a historic occasion” or “an historic occasion”? The Above, The Following. Many kinds of writing, especially in business and law, use a lot of lists, and it's common to introduce those lists with the following and to refer back to them by the above. Absent. There's nothing wrong with absent as an adjective (“He was absent three days last week”; “Everyone recognized her comment as an insult directed at her absent coworker”). Absolutely. Academies. They're mostly fighting losing battles. But here's something worth noting: no English-speaking nation has an official academy.

Kafkatrapping Good causes sometimes have bad consequences. Blacks, women, and other historical out-groups were right to demand equality before the law and the full respect and liberties due to any member of our civilization; but the tactics they used to “raise consciousness” have sometimes veered into the creepy and pathological, borrowing the least sane features of religious evangelism. One very notable pathology is a form of argument that, reduced to essence, runs like this: “Your refusal to acknowledge that you are guilty of {sin,racism,sexism, homophobia,oppression…} confirms that you are guilty of {sin,racism,sexism, homophobia,oppression…}.” I’ve been presented with enough instances of this recently that I’ve decided that it needs a name. I call this general style of argument “kafkatrapping”, and the above the Model A kafkatrap. This is almost exactly the way the kafkatrap operates in religious and political argument. Sometimes the kafkatrap is presented in less direct forms.

How to Write an eBook that Makes Money (Even if you HATE Writing) In the last month I’ve talked a lot about affiliate marketing. So let’s shift focus and discuss the other way I make an online income – Selling eBooks. Affiliate marketing is an excellent business model. But I’ve found that offering an information product is how you make the real money. Currently I only have a single eBook offer. Yet this product nets me an average of $3,000 to $4,000 of income each month. In the last month you’ve heard me mention that I’m working on a massive eBook: Affiliate Marketing Without the Bulls**t Creating this product has been a grueling experience. I feel that many folks have trouble with the process of writing an eBook. Basically this is a crash course for non-writers on how to start and finish a lengthy information product. Step #1: Research eBook Ideas There’s been a lot written about picking a niche for an eBook. Others recommend looking at “problem keywords” and writing an eBook that provides a solution. These are all great ideas. Pick a Narrow Niche 1.