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What are the Fallacy Files?

What are the Fallacy Files?
I began collecting and studying logical fallacies about twenty-five years ago, when I first became interested in logic. This collection took two forms: A collection of named fallacies—such as "ad hominem"—that is, types of bad reasoning which someone has thought distinctive and interesting enough to name and describe. Some years after I began to amass these files, I wondered just what I ought eventually to do with them, how best to organize the information within them, and in what form to make them available to others interested in fallacy studies. Praise for the Fallacy Files Contribute to the Fallacy Files You can contribute fallacies and examples to the files by sending them to me. The Fallacy Files is an Amazon Associate and every time you click on a link to Amazon and make a purchase, the Fallacy Files will receive a small commission. Email Policy Any examples sent to The Fallacy Files or questions asked may be used in entries, the weblog, or other features. Advertisement Policy Related:  CLILLife, The Universe & Everything

Preparare l'Advanced Certificate (CAE) - Trucchi Londra Preparare l ‘ Advanced Certificate (CAE) Per Conto Tuo Si può passare l’esame dell’Advanced Certificate senza rivolgersi a una scuola privata o a un professore? Non solo ti dico che questo è possibile, io personalmente ci sono riuscito, ma in questo post spiegherò come sono riuscito a superare l ‘ Advanced Certificate di Cambridge preparandomi da solo, senza frequentare nessuna scuola o lezioni specifiche e solo con il supporto dei libri che citerò di seguito. Dopo aver superato il First Certificate preparandomi da solo, mi sono chiesto: perché non l’Advanced? Mi sono detto che non mi sarei fermato fino a quando non avrei superato il Proficiency. Questa era più una sfida personale che necessità di dominare la lingua. Quindi decisi di dare inizio alle danze e di prepararmi per conto mio all’Advanced Certificate (CAE). Cambridge Advanced Certificate: Considerazioni generali E così ho fatto, ho acquistato alcuni libri (li citerò più avanti) e iniziai a seguirli giorno per giorno. Reading

Fallacy A fallacy is the use of poor, or invalid, reasoning for the construction of an argument.[1][2] A fallacious argument may be deceptive by appearing to be better than it really is. Some fallacies are committed intentionally to manipulate or persuade by deception, while others are committed unintentionally due to carelessness or ignorance. Fallacies are commonly divided into "formal" and "informal". Formal fallacy[edit] Main article: Formal fallacy A formal fallacy is a common error of thinking that can neatly be expressed in standard system of logic.[1] An argument that is formally fallacious is rendered invalid due to a flaw in its logical structure. The presence of a formal fallacy in a deductive argument does not imply anything about the argument's premises or its conclusion. Common examples[edit] Aristotle's Fallacies[edit] Aristotle was the first to systematize logical errors into a list. Whately's grouping of fallacies[edit] Intentional fallacies[edit] Deductive fallacy[edit]

How To Evaluate Health Information on the Internet: Questions and Answers Key Points Any Web site should make it easy for you to learn who is responsible for the site and its information (see Question 1). If the person or organization in charge of the Web site did not write the material, the Web site should clearly identify the original source of the information (see Question 4). Health-related Web sites should give information about the medical credentials of the people who have prepared or reviewed the material on the site (see Question 6). Any Web site that asks you for personal information should explain exactly what the site will and will not do with that information (see Question 9). The growing popularity of the Internet has made finding health information easier and faster. 1. Any Web site should make it easy for you to learn who is responsible for the site and its information. 2. It costs money to run a Web site. 3. The person or organization that runs a Web site and the site's funding sources determine the site's purpose. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Home Fallacies Dr. Michael C. Labossiere, the author of a Macintosh tutorial named Fallacy Tutorial Pro 3.0, has kindly agreed to allow the text of his work to appear on the Nizkor site, as a Nizkor Feature. It remains © Copyright 1995 Michael C. Other sites that list and explain fallacies include: Constructing a Logical Argument Description of Fallacies In order to understand what a fallacy is, one must understand what an argument is. There are two main types of arguments: deductive and inductive. A fallacy is, very generally, an error in reasoning. Take Back Skepticism, Part I: The Elephant in the Room – ICBS Everywhere I was planning a short rant about some ironically irrational arguments made by self-described rationalists at the World Atheist Convention in Dublin a couple of months ago. However, events of the past two weeks have left me frustrated, angry, and a little bit sick. Since they are all connected, I have decided to discuss them together in one long post, broken into three parts for easier reading. The Nutshell Arguments over scope and the conflation of atheism and skepticism have reached a fever pitch, as have arguments over tone. In my opinion, the tone and scope arguments dance around a bigger problem and I do not believe that we can afford to ignore the elephants in the room any longer. In both his TAM6 and TAM9 keynote addresses, Neil deGrasse Tyson talked about a letter he wrote to the editor of The New York Times regarding a case in which a teacher was accused of promoting creationist-style anti-science (bold mine): A Tiny Bit of Background Skepticism 2.x has been costly.

Lynch, Guide to Grammar and Style — A A or An. Use an in place of a when it precedes a vowel sound, not just a vowel. That means it's “an honor” (the h is silent), but “a UFO” (because it's pronounced yoo eff oh). Most of the confusion with a or an arises from acronyms and other abbreviations: some people think it's wrong to use an in front of an abbreviation like “MRI” because “an” can only go before vowels. One tricky case comes up from time to time: is it “a historic occasion” or “an historic occasion”? The Above, The Following. Many kinds of writing, especially in business and law, use a lot of lists, and it's common to introduce those lists with the following and to refer back to them by the above. Absent. There's nothing wrong with absent as an adjective (“He was absent three days last week”; “Everyone recognized her comment as an insult directed at her absent coworker”). Absolutely. Academies. They're mostly fighting losing battles. But here's something worth noting: no English-speaking nation has an official academy.

Kafkatrapping Good causes sometimes have bad consequences. Blacks, women, and other historical out-groups were right to demand equality before the law and the full respect and liberties due to any member of our civilization; but the tactics they used to “raise consciousness” have sometimes veered into the creepy and pathological, borrowing the least sane features of religious evangelism. One very notable pathology is a form of argument that, reduced to essence, runs like this: “Your refusal to acknowledge that you are guilty of {sin,racism,sexism, homophobia,oppression…} confirms that you are guilty of {sin,racism,sexism, homophobia,oppression…}.” I’ve been presented with enough instances of this recently that I’ve decided that it needs a name. I call this general style of argument “kafkatrapping”, and the above the Model A kafkatrap. This is almost exactly the way the kafkatrap operates in religious and political argument. Sometimes the kafkatrap is presented in less direct forms.

Tiny TEFL Teacher Home Empathy Definition What Is Empathy? The term “empathy” is used to describe a wide range of experiences. Emotion researchers generally define empathy as the ability to sense other people’s emotions, coupled with the ability to imagine what someone else might be thinking or feeling. Contemporary researchers often differentiate between two types of empathy: “Affective empathy” refers to the sensations and feelings we get in response to others’ emotions; this can include mirroring what that person is feeling, or just feeling stressed when we detect another’s fear or anxiety. “Cognitive empathy,” sometimes called “perspective taking,” refers to our ability to identify and understand other peoples’ emotions. Empathy seems to have deep roots in our brains and bodies, and in our evolutionary history. Having empathy doesn’t necessarily mean we’ll want to help someone in need, though it’s often a vital first step toward compassionate action. Why Practice Empathy? How to Cultivate Empathy? How Empathic Are You?

William Shakespeare 400th anniversary: 60 everyday words and phrases you never knew came from the playwright | Features | Culture | The Independent 23 April 2016: the day that marks 400 years since the death of playwright William Shakespeare. The Bard’s legacy is still strongly felt around the world, with his influence upon the English language showing little sign of relenting. Even those who never want to hear his name again after studying the tragedies at school must accept that Shakespeare is everywhere. His plays are still widely considered the pinnacle and his mastery of words continues to impress and inspire. Only recently has Benedict Cumberbatch tackled arguably the most challenging of Shakespeare’s roles, Hamlet, on the London stage, while Michael Fassbender won critical acclaim as Macbeth in last year’s big screen adaptation. There is an exciting range of events planned up and down the country to commemorate the 400th anniversary this month, from plays and classical concerts to TV specials and historical walks. William Shakespeare's 400th anniversary stamps Shakespeare’s impact on our culture is impossible to ignore.

Logical Fallacies Logical Fallacies Logic is the study of reasoning -- the nature of good (correct) reasoning and of bad (incorrect) reasoning. Its focus is the method by which an argument unfolds, not whether any arbitrary statement is true or accurate. Thus, an argument can be both deductively valid and perfectly absurd, as in 1. All telephone poles are elephants. 2. As a "branch" of philosophy, logic is often broken down into many subsets: for instance, modal logic, many-valued logic, modern logic, symbolic logic, formal and informal logic, deductive and inductive logic. A fallacy is an invalid form of argument, an instance of incorrect reasoning. List of Fallacies: affirming the consequent anthrocentric fallacy appeal to authority a priori fallacies arguing from "is" to "ought" argumentum ad baculinum argumentum ad captandum argumentum ad crumenam argumentum ad hominem argumentum ad ignorantiam argumentum ad lazarum argumentum ad misericordiam argumentum ad populum argumentum ex silentio begging the question W.V.

How to Write Complaint Letters Flat 303 Lucky Mansions 856 Cheung Sha Wan Road Cheung Sha Wan Kowloon 9 June 2016 The Administrative Officer Exhibition Services Exhibitions International 33 Kadoorie Avenue Kowloon Dear Sir/Madam I attended your exhibition Sound Systems 2016 at the Fortune Hotel from 30 May - 2 June and found it informative and interesting. Firstly, I had difficulty in registering to attend the event. Secondly, the exhibition was held at one of Hong Kong's most prestigious hotels, but frankly the venue was better suited to a medium-sized business conference than to a large exhibition open by registration to the public. The final point I want to make concerns product information. Could I please ask you to look into these matters - not only on my behalf but also on behalf of other attendees, and in fact on behalf of your company, too. I look forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully Michael Leung

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