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What does it mean to be a refugee?

What does it mean to be a refugee?
Related:  RefugeesENA4 Yhteiskunta ja ympäröivä maailma

Refugee or migrant Refugee or Migrant - word choice matters. © UNHCR GENEVA, July 11 (UNHCR) – With more than 65 million people forcibly displaced globally and boat crossings of the Mediterranean still regularly in the headlines, the terms 'refugee' and 'migrant' are frequently used interchangeably in media and public discourse. But is there a difference between the two, and does it matter? Yes, there is a difference, and it does matter. The two terms have distinct and different meanings, and confusing them leads to problems for both populations. Refugees are persons fleeing armed conflict or persecution. Refugees are defined and protected in international law. The protection of refugees has many aspects. Migrants choose to move not because of a direct threat of persecution or death, but mainly to improve their lives by finding work, or in some cases for education, family reunion, or other reasons. For individual governments, this distinction is important. In fact, they happen to be both.

Open Homes – Open Borders – Refugees Welcome A tale of two brothers | LearnEnglish Teens | British Council Lesbos, Greece Ali, 17 years old: I’m on my own except for my brother. I worry about him a lot. If I didn’t care so much about him, I wouldn’t have brought him with me. Our parents raised him and took care of him but now I’m the one who has to look after him. Two weeks later Ali and Ahmed reached Germany. Ali: Germany is very beautiful … safe … organised … Braunschweig Children’s Home Ali: I’m not looking for a lot here.

Re-story-ing our restorative practices Frida Rundell A metaphor for crossing a frontier into a new territory is explored. The restorative justice principles as used by the United Nations and IIRP help to translate into restorative practice principles. An action research project in South Africa provides the background to an evaluation process. Metaphor The invitation to cross a frontier into a new territory requires certain knowledge, skills, and experience. Global perspective Van Rensburg (2004) states that with the growing trend to move toward globalization of health, health policy and health care, a set of processes are in place where unprecedented interconnectedness is blurring a variety of boundaries and transforming the nature of human interaction across a wide range of spheres. In the social service framework where many disciplines have defined their specific ways of intervening, “blurring a variety of boundaries” is threatening. Three definitions stated in the handbook are: Figure 1. Purpose of action project References

While You Were Sleeping: Reported Speech This a very funny scene. Your students will enjoy it a lot. Tell me if you like it or give suggestions by leaving a comment, please. Before you watch the segment:Talk to a partner about the following situations. Decide what you would do: 1) What would you do if you saw someone falling on the subway tracks? 2) If you saved someone's life, would you expect a financial reward? 3) Would you hide a secret in order not to hurt a stranger's feelings? Now watch the movie segment and decide who said each of the following lines:Lucy (Sandra Bullock) A Doctor A Nurse A Police Officer1) Will you marry me? 2) Are you okay? 3) There’s a train coming and it’s fast 4) Are you family? 5) She’s his fiancee 6) I need to ask you a few questions 7) He is in a coma 8) He was pushed from the platform at the train station 9) She jumped on the tracks 10) She saved his life. _____________________________ Now rewrite the sentences, using reported speech: EX: 1) Lucy asked if he would marry her. 2) Lucy asked if he was okay.

Why Flee Syria? With the refugee crisis worsening as many Syrians attempt to flee to Europe, many people may find themselves wondering just how the war in that country got so bad, and why so many are fleeing now. Here, then, is a very brief history of the war, written so that anyone can understand it: Syria is a relatively new country: Its borders were constructed by European powers in the 1920s, mashing together several ethnic and religious groups. This regime appeared stable, but when Arab Spring protests began in 2011, it turned out not to be. On March 18, Syrian security forces opened fire on peaceful protestors in the southern city of Deraa, killing three. Perhaps inevitably, Syrians took up arms to defend themselves. Assad deliberately targeted Syria's Sunni Muslim majority, civilian and rebel alike, for slaughter. It worked. Meanwhile, a Sunni extremist group known as al-Qaeda in Iraq, which had been mostly defeated in 2007, was rebuilding itself. (Thomas van Linge)

Refugees or migrants? When 71 people are found dead in a parked truck in Austria, and on the same day, dozens are feared drowned after a boat capsizes off Libya, do semantics matter? The International Organisation for Migration estimates 2,373 people have died so far this year trying to reach Europe by sea, and 3,573 in the past 12 months. There have been 267,031 arrivals in 2015. Europe is in the grip of its worst refugee crisis since World War Two. The UN refugee agency, UNHCR, says it expects the flow of people to Europe to "continue at the rate of up to 3000 people per day." Europe is in the grip of its worst migration crisis since World War Two Photo: AFP But how should the hundreds of thousands of people on the move be categorised by media and officialdom? Are these people migrants, refugees, asylum seekers, immigrants or secondary migrants? ".....the large numbers of people arriving this year [in Europe] and last year by boats in Greece, Italy and elsewhere. "In fact, they happen to be both. Photo: AFP

This shocking video shows the huge difference in how strangers treat a rich or poor child A video by UNICEF has revealed people's bias against children in poverty when they were presented with the same girl, in different clothes, left unaccompanied on the street. The experiment was carried out in Tbilisi, Georgia. Child actor Anano stood unaccompanied on a main road. For the first half she was dressed in expensive clothing and appeared neat and clean. Picture: UNICEF/Youtube The video shows multiple adults stopping to help her and generally check she is all right. Then UNICEF changed Anano's appearance. When she returned to the street in her new attire, the video shows pedestrians walking by Anano, and most of them pretend not to see her. UNICEF repeated the experiment in a restaurant. When she was dressed like someone living in poverty, people moved their bags closer to them and she was dismissed by customers. The way people treated Anano in the restaurant was so upsetting for her that UNICEFstopped the experiment early. Watch the full video of the experiment here:

Emotional ABCs: Social-Emotional Development Skills Training for Kids Two Billion Miles [interactive] Te Ara: Refugee quota programme The refugee quota programme, 1987–2003 In 1987 the government agreed to accept (subject to community sponsorship) an annual quota of 800 people who were classified as refugees by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). This formalised New Zealand’s previously ad hoc response to refugee situations. Over the years the quota programme has included a number of categories, such as specific ethnic or national groups, and people with special needs (such as ‘handicapped’ refugees). Other categories in the quota have been ‘protection’, ‘women at risk’, ‘medical’, ‘emergency’ and ‘humanitarian’. There are provisions to admit close family members of refugees already living in New Zealand. By 2003, the quota was being applied to refugees considered in greatest need of resettlement. Safe in their beds Svea Hurd arrived with her three young children from strife-torn Zimbabwe under the refugee quota programme. Asylum seekers The wider picture

When this man complained using Eminem lyrics Asos let him down awfully When your item hasn't been delivered, any old Facebook user can rattle off a clear and concise message of complaint. Jay Whalley from Preston went one better when his blazer wasn't delivered. The complaint, crafted in line to the lyrics of Eminem's Stan, has been shared hundreds of times on Facebook, as has the response that Jay received and subsequently posted. We have no idea what this is from. 2/10 response, if we're honest. HT Mashable

The Refugee Project Every day, all over the world, ordinary people must flee their homes for fear of death or persecution. Many leave without notice, taking only what they can carry. Many will never return. They cross oceans and minefields, they risk their lives and their futures. When they cross international borders, they are called refugees. The Refugee Project looks beyond the crises that are currently making headlines and allows viewers to explore all refugee migrations around the world since 1975. About the Data Under international law, the United Nations is responsible for protecting asylum seekers around the world. The Refugee Project does not consider the large number of economic migrants and other undocumented populations, nor does it show the millions of internally displaced persons in troubled countries around the world. Recognition The Refugee Project was selected for MoMA’s Design and Violence exhibition, where it was written about by the UNHCR’s High Comissioner, António Guterres.

Te Ara: Who are Refugees? Who are refugees? Unlike those migrants who make the choice to emigrate, refugees have to leave their homeland because they fear for their lives. They are the casualties of crises such as brutal regimes, civil war, anarchy and famine. Often, they are at risk because of their ethnicity, political beliefs or religion. They may have endured persecution, torture, rape or abduction, or have witnessed killings. ‘The fear is in our bones’ After a year in Auckland, Teuta Fusha, a Kosovar Albanian who fled Serbian persecution, said, ‘To be safe and not to have to think about what might happen tomorrow or what might happen tonight is wonderful.’ New Zealand’s intakes Since 1840 New Zealand has given refuge to people from Europe, South America, Asia, the Middle East and Africa. More than 20,000 refugees have arrived since 1944, when refugees were first distinguished from other immigrants in official statistics. New Zealand admits refugees under various international agreements.