background preloader

Git: Your New Best Friend [Server Side Essentials]

Git: Your New Best Friend [Server Side Essentials]
Introduction This article introduces version control and Git without assuming you have any prior knowledge or programming experience. Because of its introductory nature, certain details are simplified or omitted and the use of the Git Graphical User Interface (Git GUI) is emphasized. Afterwards the reader should be able to use Git for basic version control and know where to locate further information. Version control is the process of recording the history of changes to files as they are modified. protect against changes – accidental or otherwise – and be able to access a known good version of a filetrack down problems and make fixes to previous versions of filesallow more than one person to modify project files simultaneously (programmers refer to this as parallel development)retrieve an older set of files (if requested by a customer or manager, for example) Git runs on Windows, Mac OS X, Linux and UNIX. Concepts Installing Git Starting to Use Git $ git init The Git Index Configuration <! ... Related:  Git howto

A successful Git branching model » In this post I present the development model that I’ve introduced for some of my projects (both at work and private) about a year ago, and which has turned out to be very successful. I’ve been meaning to write about it for a while now, but I’ve never really found the time to do so thoroughly, until now. I won’t talk about any of the projects’ details, merely about the branching strategy and release management. Why git? For a thorough discussion on the pros and cons of Git compared to centralized source code control systems, see the web. But with Git, these actions are extremely cheap and simple, and they are considered one of the core parts of your daily workflow, really. As a consequence of its simplicity and repetitive nature, branching and merging are no longer something to be afraid of. Enough about the tools, let’s head onto the development model. Decentralized but centralized ¶ Each developer pulls and pushes to origin. The main branches ¶ masterdevelop Supporting branches ¶ develop

Introductory Guide to Git Version Control System Git is a version control system used by development and programming teams, popular open source projects, and other team collaboration projects. In this Git guide, we will discuss the value of version control systems, an overview of Git, advantages and disadvantages of using Git, how to install Git, basic commands, tools and essential Git resources. (For designers, also check out The Ultimate Guide to Version Control for Designers.) What Is Version Control? Essentially a version control system (or a revision control system) is software that has the ability to manage and track changes that occur to any document that is in a given project. In other words, you have the ability to take "snapshots" of your files during your current body of work, and you will be able to return to any of these snapshots whenever you wish. Do not think of these snapshots as backups because with a backup you have a separate copy of a file. Who Should Use a Version Control System? Git Overview Advantages of Using Git

Set Up a Git Server through SSH Connection - Git and SSH are both powerful tools, and git/ssh work well together. We introduce how to set up git server via ssh in this post. Git server through SSH is easy and fast to set up, although every user will have access to all repositories in the git server over SSH and every user is the git administrator. If you need to set up a git server for multiple users which may contain contributors and administrator, you may try gitolite as recommended by the gitolite author. If you prefer gitosis, please refer to: Setting Up a Git Server Using Gitosis and Managing Repositories on Git Server Using Gitosis. In this post how to set up a basic git server and a more complex one (the git server is a server inside of a local area network) will be introduced. A basic git server through SSH tutorial In this part we will build up a git server through ssh connection. Server side git user and home # yum install git Add the user for git # useradd -m -d /lhome/git -u 1005 git Configure the git user’s shell

Get Started with Git If you’re a designer or developer, you’ve probably heard about Git, and you might know that it has become immensely popular, especially among the open source community. Though it may seem cryptic at first, this version control system could change the way you work with text, whether you’re writing code, or a novel. Article Continues Below This article covers why version control is important, how to install the Git version control system, and how to get started with your first repository. Once you start using Git, you’ll want to throw everything into it, from full-blown apps to blog post drafts, because it’s so easy and versatile. Why do I need version control? While it may be obvious that large development teams should have sophisticated code-management systems to track releases and bugs, and to avoid stepping on each others’ toes, it might not be immediately clear why individuals would need version control—especially designers or writers. With Git, though, you can do much more.

MvcContrib: Howto use git & github User contributions for the ASP.NET MVC Framework Guide for contributing to MvcContrib using git. Downloading and Installing Git Install git by downloading the latest msysGit installer from Once downloaded, run the installer and proceed through the wizard until you are asked to adjust your PATH environment: The default setting is to "use Git Bash only" which means you will only be able to use git commands from within the Bash shell. Next, you will be asked which SSH client you wish to use. The next stage is to choose your line endings. Pressing 'Next' will install msysGit to your system. Configuring SSH Keys Now that msysGit is installed, you will need to generate SSH keys in order to commit code to GitHub. First, open "Git GUI" from the Start menu: From the "Help" menu select "Show SSH Key": Next, click the "Generate Key" button: This will generate your public and private OpenSSH keys. Signing up to GitHub Getting the Source Option 1: Zip file git push origin master

The Perfect Workflow, with Git, GitHub, and SSH In this lesson, we'll focus on workflow. More specifically, we'll use the helpful GitHub service hooks to automatically update a project on our personal server whenever we push updates to a GitHub repo. Prefer a Video Tutorial? Press the HD for a clearer picture. Step 1 - Create a Git Repo We certainly need some sort of project to play around with, right? With our test directory in place, let's create our first Git commit. If you're unfamiliar with Git, I highly recommend that you first review "Easy Version Control with Git." Open the command line: Those familiar with Git should feel right at home. Step 2 - Uploading to GitHub The next step is to upload our project to GitHub. Again, if you're not familiar with GitHub, and haven't yet created an account, read Terminal, Git, and GitHub for the Rest of Us. Begin by creating a new Git repository. Next, you'll need to fill in some details about your project. And finally, since we're already working with an existing Git repo, we only need to run:

How to Git Open Atrium | UV Media UPDATE: "Open Atrium has moved from its single monolitic repository to an install profile and a drush make based build system. This is a change that primarily effects developers. The complete, ready to install, download will continue to be offered at Details here. Thanks, Jeff. I've been playing around with the Open Atrium project (Features rule!) I went to download the latest version, but noticed that (as of December 31) it hadn't been updated with the latest version of Drupal core. It turns out that the project repository is hosted at GitHub. Installing Git The following steps apply to installing on a Debian-based Linux distro, which is fine if you use it as your desktop or if you like VirtualBox as much as I do. Updating Open Atrium Now all I have to do to update to the latest code base is (from inside the project directory):[chrisng@lampbuntu:~/public_html/Atrium] git pull Already up-to-date.

ignoring files committed 19 Jan 2009 We don’t need Git to version everything in our projects, be it compiled source, files with passwords, or temporary files that editors love to create. Usually keeping stuff out of your VCS’ hands is a task that is hard to manage and annoying to set up. Not with Git! Using the .gitignore file along with some other options, we’re going to learn how to set up per-project and per-user ignores. The easiest and simplest way is to create a .gitignore file in your project’s root directory. Here’s a basic .gitignore: $ cat .gitignore # Can ignore specific files .DS_Store # Use wildcards as well *~ *.swp # Can also ignore all directories and files in a directory. tmp/**/* Of course, this could get a lot more complex. Two things to keep in mind with ignoring files: First, if a file is already being tracked by Git, adding the file to .gitignore won’t stop Git from tracking it. git config --global core.excludesfile ~/.gitignore

GIT: Using the stash I bet the following has happened to you: you are happily working on a project and are in the middle of something. You are not ready to commit your changes, because you your tests don’t pass yet. Then your client calls with a bug report that needs to be fixed right now. (You know how clients can be.) So, what do you do? Git features The Stash, which is as much as a good place to store uncommitted changes. When you restore your stash, you changes are reapplied and you continue working on your code. Stash your current changes $ git stash save <optional message for later reference> Saved "WIP on master: e71813e..." List current stashes Yes, you can have more than one!! $ git stash list stash@{0}: WIP on master: e71813e... Note the stash@{0} part? Apply a stash $ git stash apply stash@{0} You may notice the stash is still there after you have applied it. $ git stash drop stash@{0} Or, because the stash acts like a stack, you can pop off the last stash you saved: $ git stash pop $ git stash clear

Git (software) Git (/ɡɪt/[6]) is a version control system (VCS) that is used for software development[7] and other version control tasks. As a distributed revision control system it is aimed at speed,[8] data integrity,[9] and support for distributed, non-linear workflows.[10] Git was created by Linus Torvalds in 2005 for development of the Linux kernel, with other kernel developers contributing to its initial development.[11] Its current maintainer is Junio Hamano. Like the Linux kernel, Git is free software distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2. History[edit] Git development began in April 2005, after many developers of the Linux kernel gave up access to BitKeeper, a proprietary source control management (SCM) system that they had formerly used to maintain the project.[13] The copyright holder of BitKeeper, Larry McVoy, had withdrawn free use of the product after claiming that Andrew Tridgell had reverse-engineered the BitKeeper protocols.[14] Design[edit] Adoption[edit]

Git Submodules: Adding, Using, Removing, Updating :: Chris Jean I’ve spent a little more than a month working with Git now. I can honestly say that while there are many things that I like about Git, there are just as many things that I personally find to be a pain in the butt. Submodules specifically have managed to be a thorn in my side on many occasions. While the concept of submodules is simple, figuring out how to actually work with them can be a chore. I say “figuring out” because not everything about working with submodules is well documented. I’ll cover two of the more difficult things to figure out: removing and updating submodules from your repository. What are Submodules? The concept of submodules is brilliant. My profession is working with WordPress themes. Each theme that we produce is kept in its own Git repository. For example, we have a theme called FlexxBold. As I mentioned before, not everything in Git is easy to work with. Adding Submodules to a Git Repository There are three main parts to this command: Using Submodules Closing Thoughts

Understanding Git: Repositories In This Section Repository Contents The purpose of Git is to manage a project, or a set of files, as they change over time. A git repository contains, among other things, the following: A set of commit objects.A set of references to commit objects, called heads. The Git repository is stored in the same directory as the project itself, in a subdirectory called .git. There is only one .git directory, in the root directory of the project.The repository is stored in files alongside the project. Commit Objects A commit object contains three things: A set of files, reflecting the state of a project at a given point in time.References to parent commit objects.An SHA1 name, a 40-character string that uniquely identifies the commit object. The parent commit objects are those commits that were edited to produce the subsequent state of the project. A project always has one commit object with no parents. The idea behind Git is that version control is all about manipulating this graph of commits. Heads