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Grasslands Biome

Grasslands Biome
Grassland biomes are large, rolling terrains of grasses, flowers and herbs. Latitude, soil and local climates for the most part determine what kinds of plants grow in a particular grassland. A grassland is a region where the average annual precipitation is great enough to support grasses, and in some areas a few trees. The precipitation is so eratic that drought and fire prevent large forests from growing. Grasses can survive fires because they grow from the bottom instead of the top. Their stems can grow again after being burned off. When the settlers of the United States moved westward, they found that the grasslands, or prairies as they called them, were more than just dry, flat areas. There are two different types of grasslands; tall-grass, which are humid and very wet, and short-grass, which are dry, with hotter summers and colder winters than the tall-grass prairie. Grassland biomes can be found in the middle latitudes, in the interiors of continents. by Sam M. 2000 bibliography:

http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/grasslands.htm

Related:  Temperate grasslandsSavannahgrasslands

Temperate Grasslands and Plant Adaptations The extensive root systems of prairie grasses prevent grazing animals from pulling roots completely out of the ground. In addition, the roots grow deep down into the ground to absorb as much water as possible. During fires, the above ground portion of grasses are destroyed while the deep roots survive to sprout again, according to the Missouri Botanical Garden website. Grassland Biome Online exhibits : The world's biomes The grassland biome Grasslands are characterized as lands dominated by grasses rather than large shrubs or trees. In the Miocene and Pliocene Epochs, which spanned a period of about 25 million years, mountains rose in western North America and created a continental climate favorable to grasslands. Ancient forests declined and grasslands became widespread.

Grassland : Mission: Biomes Temperature Dependent on latitude, yearly range can be between -20°C to 30°C Precipitation About 500 to 900 mm of rain per year Vegetation Grasses (prairie clover, salvia, oats, wheat, barley, coneflowers) Grasslands Threats, Wetlands Threats - National Geographic A quarter of Earth was once covered by grasslands, but much of these have now been turned into farms. This has resulted in a widespread loss of wildlife habitat. Grassland soil is rich, and almost anything can be grown there. But poor agricultural practices can ruin soil and turn grassland into lifeless, barren spaces. If crops are not rotated properly, nutrients in the soil are stripped out, and nothing can be grown for several years. Compared to grassland, cropland provides few or no resources for breeding birds.

Temperate Grassland Animals Temperate Grassland Animals Animals living in the Temperate Grassland habitat Habitats > Temperate Grassland Temperate Grasslands are characterized by warm to hot season (usually with a cold to freezing season in winter), fertile soil with rich nutrients and minerals, grass and large, grazing mammals and birds. Temperate grasslands are areas of open grassland with very few trees.

Grasslands Biome Grasslands Biome Grasses are the main kind of plant in grasslands. There are not many trees in grasslands. Some grasslands are hot all year round. Some grassland areas have hot summers and very cold winters. Grasslands have different names in different places. KDE Santa Barbara Location | Weather | Plants | Animals | People | Links LOCATION: The name for this biome, temperate grasslands, is a great description for what it is like here. National Geographic Grasslands go by many names. In the U.S. Midwest, they're known as prairies. In South America, they're called pampas. Central Eurasian grasslands are referred to as steppes, while in Africa they're named savannas. What they all have in common is grass as their naturally dominant vegetation.

Taiga Biomes A biome is the type of habitat in certain places, like mountain tops, deserts, and tropical forests, and is determined by the climate of the place. The taiga is the biome of the needleleaf forest. Living in the taiga is cold and lonely. Coldness and food shortages make things very difficult, mostly in the winter. Some of the animals in the taiga hibernate in the winter, some fly south if they can, while some just cooperate with the environment, which is very difficult. (Dillon Bartkus)

Savannah Video & Map GREEN Click on a biome on the above graph for more information, informative videos, and links to scientist profiles, travel information, lesson plans and species profiles for each region. We'd like to know where you're coming from. If you've used this site for a class project or browsing for fun, add yourself to our map and communicate with other "ecogeeks"

Temperate Grasslands Biome Temperate grasslands are a division of a larger biome grouping of grasslands that includes tropical savannas. Both biome types are characterized by a dominance of grasses, yet temperate grasslands differ significantly from savannas. First unlike savannas that can have trees and shrubs scattered throughout, temperate grasslands have trees and shrubs absent. Temperate grasslands are also found in less tropical ecosystems and thus have a larger temperate fluctuation during the year. Temperatures in temperate grasslands can vary tremendously which has a large impact on growing seasons.

Sus scrofa Ge­o­graphic Range Wild boars (Sus scrofa) are a cos­mopoli­tan species. They orig­i­nated in Eu­rope and Asia, but were widely in­tro­duced to North Amer­ica and are con­sid­ered an in­va­sive species in the south­east­ern United States and Cal­i­for­nia. They are com­mon through­out Eura­sia, and in­habit every con­ti­nent ex­cept Antarc­tica. (Chap­man and Trani, 2007; Oliver and Leus, 2008; Wood and Bar­rett, 1979) cosmopolitan

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