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Quantum Approaches to Consciousness

Quantum Approaches to Consciousness
1. Introduction The problem of how mind and matter are related to each other has many facets, and it can be approached from many different starting points. Of course, the historically leading disciplines in this respect are philosophy and psychology, which were later joined by behavioral science, cognitive science and neuroscience. In addition, the physics of complex systems and quantum physics have played stimulating roles in the discussion from their beginnings. As regards the issue of complexity, this is quite evident: the brain is one of the most complex systems we know. The original motivation in the early 20th century for relating quantum theory to consciousness was essentially philosophical. Quantum theory introduced an element of randomness standing out against the previous deterministic worldview, in which randomness, if it occurred at all, simply indicated our ignorance of a more detailed description (as in statistical physics). 2. [ma] [me] 3. 3.1 Neuronal Assemblies 4. 5.

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Large-Scale Calcium Waves Traveling through Astrocytic Networks In Vivo Nahoko Kuga1, Takuya Sasaki1, Yuji Takahara1, Norio Matsuki1, and Yuji Ikegaya1,2 +Show Affiliations Correspondence should be addressed to Yuji Ikegaya at the above address. Previously undetected link between brain and immune system discovered A team of researchers from the University of Virginia (UVA) School of Medicine has made a landmark discovery of vessels that connect the brain with the lymphatic system – something that wasn't previously thought to exist. The breakthrough has significant implications on the study of major neurological diseases, from multiple sclerosis to Alzheimer's. The link between the brain and the immune system has long been shrouded in mystery – up until now that is. The new research makes a direct connection between the two, showing that the brain is in fact connected to the immune system through lymphatic vessels, just like every other tissue in the body. The discovery was made during the study of the meninges – the membranes that cover the brain – of a mouse. The researchers developed a new method to mount the meninges on a single slide, fixing it within the skullcap before dissection.

Turning Empathy into Action How the nature of design thinking complements and strengthens collective impact frameworks. Since 2012, the Greater Cincinnati Foundation has been convening and supporting a community of practice (COP)—a group of organizations that are willing to work together to tackle specific regional social challenges. COP members are committed to the concept of collective impact, and the foundation enables a forum for shared learning by providing in-depth technical assistance. Nonetheless, in the early days of the foundation’s COP efforts, the groups found it difficult to make progress towards their goals as quickly as they wanted to. As it turns out, the creative, collaborative, and empathic nature of design thinking complements collective impact frameworks, and gives leaders tools to engage and empower community members as designers of their own solutions. Learning the Design Thinking Approach

Brain Gym® Exercises By Kenneth Beare Updated December 16, 2014. Brain Gym® exercises are exercises designed to help the brain function better during the learning process. As such, you can think of Brain Gym® exercises as part of the overall theory of multiple intelligences. Brain Cells that Communicate without Electricity: Calcium Waves in Glia Glia are brain cells that cannot generate electrical impulses. As a consequence glia were thought to have no function in information processing or transmission. In fact glia were communicating with themselves and with neurons all along, but without using electricity. Consciousness Began When the Gods Stopped Speaking: Julian Jaynes’ Famous 1970s Theory Julian Jaynes was living out of a couple of suitcases in a Princeton dorm in the early 1970s. He must have been an odd sight there among the undergraduates, some of whom knew him as a lecturer who taught psychology, holding forth in a deep baritone voice. He was in his early 50s, a fairly heavy drinker, untenured, and apparently uninterested in tenure. His position was marginal.

7 Ways to Deal with Toxic People Relationships are one of the pillars of our experience of life. Some relationships nurture our hearts and minds, while some erode away our joy and add stress to our lives. We can’t just isolate and avoid talking to people. We can’t leave a job only because there is that one irritating person at the office. Bright prospects: Repairing neurons with light The nervous system is built to last a lifetime, but diverse diseases or environmental insults can overpower the capacity of neurons to maintain function or to repair after trauma. A team led by Dr. Hernán López-Schier, head of the Research Unit Sensory Biology and Organogenesis at Helmholtz Zentrum München, now succeeded in promoting the repair of an injured neural circuit in zebrafish. Key for the researchers' success was the messenger molecule cAMP, which is produced by an enzyme called adenylyl cyclase.

Your Brain Can’t Handle the Moon - Issue 24: Error What is this new theory?” the long-retired New York University cognitive psychologist, Lloyd Kaufman, asked me. We were sitting behind the wooden desk of his cozy home office. He had a stack of all his papers on the moon illusion, freshly printed, waiting for me on the adjacent futon. But I couldn’t think of a better way to start our discussion than to have him respond to the latest thesis claiming to explain what has gone, for thousands of years, unexplained: Why does the moon look bigger when it’s near the horizon? He scooted closer to his iMac, tilted his head and began to read the MIT Technology Review article I had pulled up.1 I thought I’d have a few moments to appreciate, as he read, the view of New York City outside the 28th floor window of his Floral Park apartment, but within a half-minute he told me, “Well, it’s clearly wrong.”

Small Rebellions, Michelle Chen interviews Grace Lee Boggs The civil rights icon on Detroit, the limits of protest organizing, and what she’s learned over seven decades of activism. Image by Woodstock Film Festival Detroit is a city whose rise and fall has paralleled the tragic arc of America’s industrial history. In a few generations, the capital of Big Auto’s empire has crumbled into an urban wreck, strewn with rusted factories and suffering from political decay.

It’s Music to Our Eyes: Emotional Reactions to Music Reflected in Pupil Size When people are listening to music, their emotional reactions to the music are reflected in changes in their pupil size. Researchers from the University of Vienna and the University of Innsbruck, Austria, are the first to show that both the emotional content of the music and the listeners’ personal involvement with music influence pupil dilation. This study, published in the scientific journal “Frontiers in Human Neuroscience“, demonstrates that pupil size measurement can be effectively used to probe listeners’ reactions to music.

Consciousness has less control than believed, according to new theory Consciousness -- the internal dialogue that seems to govern one's thoughts and actions -- is far less powerful than people believe, serving as a passive conduit rather than an active force that exerts control, according to a new theory proposed by an SF State researcher. Associate Professor of Psychology Ezequiel Morsella's "Passive Frame Theory" suggests that the conscious mind is like an interpreter helping speakers of different languages communicate. "The interpreter presents the information but is not the one making any arguments or acting upon the knowledge that is shared," Morsella said.