background preloader

Mnemonic major system

Mnemonic major system
The Major System (also called the phonetic number system, phonetic mnemonic system, or Herigone's mnemonic system) is a mnemonic technique used to aid in memorizing numbers. The system works by converting numbers into consonant sounds, then into words by adding vowels. The system works on the principle that images can be remembered more easily than numbers. The system[edit] Each numeral is associated with one or more consonants. The groups of similar sounds and the rules for applying the mappings are almost always fixed, but other hooks and mappings can be used as long as the person using the system can remember them and apply them consistently. Each numeral maps to a set of similar sounds with similar mouth and tongue positions. For most people it would be easier to remember 3.1415927 (an approximation of the mathematical constant pi) as: Short term visual memory of imagined scenes allows large numbers of digits to be memorized with ease, though usually only for a short time. History[edit]

Mnemonic dominic system The mnemonic dominic system is a mnemonic system used to remember sequences of digits similar to the mnemonic major system. It was invented and used in competition by eight-time World Memory Champion Dominic O'Brien.[1] Differences from the major system[edit] The main difference between the Dominic system and the major system is the assignment of sounds and letters to digits. The Dominic system is a letter-based abbreviation system where the letters comprise the initials of someone's name, while the major system is typically used as a phonetic-based consonant system for either objects, animals, persons, or even words. The major system would assign the sounds T + L to the number 15, and then find a word that has those sounds as the first two consonants. The Dominic system is specifically designed as a person-action system, while the major system can also be used to represent stand-alone objects. Encoding pairs of digits as people[edit] Encoding pairs of digits as actions[edit] Usage[edit]

How can anyone remember 100,000 numbers? Unless you’re a mathematician or an engineer, pi probably ranks high on the list of things that are of little or absolutely no use in your life. Notification You’ve reached your story limit as a non-registered user. To read more, please sign up or log in via one of the services below. Already a member or digital subscriber? Login Subscribe Sign up for home delivery of The Japan Times/ The International New York Times and receive free, unlimited access to our site and Quest for eternal truth Occasional lapses

Bardo Thodol The Bardo Thodol (Tibetan: བར་དོ་ཐོས་གྲོལ, Wylie: bar do thos grol), "Liberation Through Hearing During the Intermediate State", is a text from a larger corpus of teachings, the "Profound Dharma of Self-Liberation through the Intention of the Peaceful and Wrathful Ones",[note 1] revealed by Karma Lingpa (1326–1386). It is the best-known work of Nyingma literature, being known in the west as the Tibetan Book of the Dead. §Etymology[edit] Bardo thosgroll (Tibetan: བར་དོ་ཐོས་གྲོལ, Wylie: bar do thos grol: bar do, Sankrit antarabhāva - "intermediate state", "transitional state", "in-between state", "liminal state". Valdez: "Used loosely, the term "bardo" refers to the state of existence intermediate between two lives on earth." §Original text[edit] §Origins and dating[edit] §bar do thos grol[edit] The Tibetan title is bar do thos grol, "Liberation Through Hearing During the Intermediate State". §kar-gling zhi-khro[edit] §Six bardos[edit] §English translations[edit] §Popular influence[edit]

Art de mémoire Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. L'art de mémoire (ars memoriae), appelé aussi méthode des loci, méthode des lieux ou plus récemment palais de la mémoire, est une méthode mnémotechnique pratiquée depuis l'Antiquité; le poète Simonide de Céos en serait l'inventeur. Elle sert principalement à mémoriser de longues listes d'éléments ordonnés. Elle est basée sur le souvenir de lieux déjà bien connus, auxquels on associe par divers moyens les éléments nouveaux que l'on souhaite mémoriser. Art de mémoire, architecture et « palais de la mémoire »[modifier | modifier le code] On conseillait autrefois d'utiliser des endroits existants pour l'usage de l'art de mémoire, par exemple un marché ou une église. Pour mémoriser ensuite un discours, on le découpait en parties, chacune symbolisée par une image saisissante ou par un symbole. Dans la pratique, ces lieux peuvent être utilisés pour mémoriser plusieurs séries ordonnées d'objets. Histoire[modifier | modifier le code]

Memory Techniques, Memorization Tips - The Journey Method Home :: academic tips :: memory techniques :: the journey method The Journey Method The journey method is a powerful, flexible and effective mnemonic based around the idea of remembering landmarks on a well-known journey. In many ways it combines the narrative flow of the Link Method and the structure and order of the Peg Systems into one highly effective mnemonic. Because the journey method uses routes that you know well, you can code information to be remembered to a large number of easily visualised or remembered landmarks along the routes. Mind Tools Mnemonic Grades: Ease of Use - moderate Effectiveness - good Power - powerful Learning investment - moderate Who should use - everyone How to Use the Journey Method The journey method is based on using landmarks on a journey that you know well. Preparing the Route To use this technique most effectively, it is often best to prepare the journey beforehand so that the landmarks are clear in your mind before you try to commit information to them.

Japanese wordplay Japanese wordplay relies on the nuances of the Japanese language and Japanese script for humorous effect. Japanese double entendres have a rich history in Japanese entertainment, because of the way that Japanese words can be read to have several different meanings and pronunciations (homographs). Also, several different spellings for any pronunciation and wildly differing meanings (homophones). Often replacing one spelling with another (synonyms) can give a new meaning to phrases. Goroawase[edit] Goroawase (語呂合わせ?) Numeric substitution[edit] Every digit has a set of possible phonetic values, due to the variety of valid Japanese (kun'yomi and on'yomi), and English-origin pronunciations for numbers in Japanese. Mnemonics are formed by selecting a suitable reading for a given number; the tables below list the most common readings, though other readings are also possible. Examples[edit] As mnemonics[edit] 1492 (the year of discovery of America) can be memorized as: iyo! Other examples[edit]

George Gurdjieff George Ivanovich Gurdjieff /ˈɡɜrdʒiˌɛf/ (January 13, 1866-1877?)[1]|- October 29, 1949), also commonly referred to as Georges Ivanovich Gurdjieff and G. I. At different times in his life, Gurdjieff formed and closed various schools around the world to teach The Work. §Biography[edit] §Early years[edit] George Ivanovich Gurdjieff[8] (Russian: Гео́ргий Ива́нович Гурджи́ев, Greek: Γεώργιος Γεωργιάδης, Armenian: Գեորգի Գյուրջիև) was born to a Caucasus Greek father called Ἰωάνης Γεωργιάδης,(Yiannis Georgiades)[9] and Armenian mother Tavrizovy-Bagratouni (Թավրիզ - Բագրատունի) in Alexandropol (now Gyumri, Armenia), then part of the Russian Empire in the Transcaucasus.[10] The name Gurdjieff represents a Russified form of the Pontic Greek surname "Georgiades" (Greek: Γεωργιάδης).[8] The exact date of his birth remains unknown; conjectures range from 1866 to 1877. §Seeker after truth[edit] §Businessman[edit] §In Russia[edit] §In Georgia and Turkey[edit] §Prieuré at Fontainebleau[edit]

Solve Puzzles for Science | Foldit Hi all, I wanted to share some exciting results we've gotten from folding predictions of Foldit designs! As many of you know, after a design puzzle closes we submit a selection of Foldit player designs to the Rosetta@home distributed computing project. Rosetta@home distributes your design sequence to 100,000s of home computers all over the world, so that each computer can calculate a prediction about how that amino acid sequence might fold up. This huge dataset of predicted structures tells us a lot about the weaknesses of a design, making this the most rigorous test available to validate designs before we construct the actual proteins in the lab. The plots below show Rosetta@home datasets from two Foldit monomer design puzzles. The top-most plot represents the top-scoring solution from Puzzle 798, which we ran in October of 2013. The lower three plots represent the three top-scoring* solutions to Puzzle 854, which closed a couple weeks ago.

Memory Techniques, Memorization Tips - The Alphabet System Home :: academic tips :: memory techniques :: the alphabet system The Alphabet System The Alphabet system is a peg memory technique similar to, but more sophisticated than, the Number/Rhyme system. At its most basic level (i.e. without the use of mnemonic multipliers) it is a good method for remembering long lists of items in a specific order in such a way that missing items can be detected. It is slightly more difficult to learn than the Number based techniques. Mind Tools Mnemonic Grades: Ease of Use - moderate Effectiveness - quite good Power - moderate - codes 1- 26 items without use of enhancement Learning investment - moderate Who should use - brighter individuals How to use the Alphabet Technique This technique works by associating images representing and cued by letters of the alphabet with images representing the items to be remembered. The selection of images representing letters is not based on the starting character of the letter name. One image scheme is shown below:

List of cognitive biases Systematic patterns of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment The loss aversion cognitive bias has been shown in monkeys Cognitive biases are systematic patterns of deviation from norm and/or rationality in judgment. Although the reality of most of these biases is confirmed by reproducible research,[2][3] there are often controversies about how to classify these biases or how to explain them.[4] Gerd Gigerenzer has criticized the framing of cognitive biases as errors in judgment, and favors interpreting them as arising from rational deviations from logical thought.[5] Explanations include information-processing rules (i.e., mental shortcuts), called heuristics, that the brain uses to produce decisions or judgments. There are also controversies over some of these biases as to whether they count as useless or irrational, or whether they result in useful attitudes or behavior. Belief, Decision-making and behavioral biases[edit] Social biases[edit] Memory errors and biases[edit] [edit]

Sleep medicine Sleep medicine is a medical specialty or subspecialty devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of sleep disturbances and disorders. From the middle of the 20th century, research has provided increasing knowledge and answered many questions about sleep-wake functioning.[1] The rapidly evolving field[2] has become a recognized medical subspecialty in some countries. Dental sleep medicine also qualifies for board certification in some countries. Properly organized, minimum 12-month, postgraduate training programs are still being defined in the United States.[3][4] In some countries, the sleep researchers and the physicians who treat patients may be the same people. The first sleep clinics in the United States were established in the 1970s by interested physicians and technicians; the study, diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea were their first tasks. Scope and classification[edit] History[edit] The concept of sleep medicine belongs to the second half of the 20th century. Asia[edit]

Holisme Holisme (du grec ancien ὅλος / hólos signifiant « entier ») est un néologisme forgé en 1926 par l'homme d'État sud-africain Jan Christiaan Smuts pour son ouvrage Holism and Evolution[1]. Selon son auteur, l'holisme est : « la tendance dans la nature à constituer des ensembles qui sont supérieurs à la somme de leurs parties, au travers de l'évolution créatrice[1]. » L'holisme se définit donc globalement par la pensée qui tend à expliquer un phénomène comme étant un ensemble indivisible, la simple somme de ses parties ne suffisant pas à le définir. Différentes acceptions[modifier | modifier le code] Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] Antiquité[modifier | modifier le code] Les monistes (les milésiens et les atomistes grecs, Démocrite, Épicure) perçoivent l'univers comme une seule réalité fondamentale, le monde matériel et le monde spirituel pouvant être liés. XXe siècle[modifier | modifier le code] L'holisme est un terme nouveau introduit dans les années 1920. L'holisme de J-C. Cf.

Method of loci The method of loci (loci being Latin for "places") is a method of memory enhancement which uses visualizations with the use of spatial memory, familiar information about one's environment, to quickly and efficiently recall information. The method of loci is also known as the memory journey, memory palace, or mind palace technique. This method is a mnemonic device adopted in ancient Roman and Greek rhetorical treatises (in the anonymous Rhetorica ad Herennium, Cicero's De Oratore, and Quintilian's Institutio Oratoria). Many memory contest champions claim to use this technique to recall faces, digits, and lists of words. 'the method of loci', an imaginal technique known to the ancient Greeks and Romans and described by Yates (1966) in her book The Art of Memory as well as by Luria (1969). Contemporary usage[edit] Many effective memorisers today use the "method of loci" to some degree. Memory champions elaborate on this by combining images. Applicability of the term[edit] Literature[edit]

Brain fitness The term brain fitness reflects a hypothesis that cognitive abilities can be maintained or improved by exercising the brain, in analogy to the way physical fitness is improved by exercising the body. Although there is strong evidence that aspects of brain structure remain plastic throughout life, and that high levels of mental activity are associated with reduced risks of age-related dementia, scientific support for the concept of "brain fitness" is limited. The term is virtually never used in the scientific literature, but is commonly used in the context of self-help books and commercial products.[1] It first came into play in the 1980s, and appeared in the titles of self-help books in 1989[2] and 1990.[3] §Overview[edit] Brain fitness can be measured physically at the cellular level by neurogenesis, the creation of new neurons, and increased functional connections of synapses and dendrites between neurons. §Neurogenesis[edit] Main article: Neurogenesis §Mental stimulation[edit]