Not Another Icebreaker! I was recently privy to a conversation about icebreakers—folks were exploring whether icebreakers are successful or not. I learned a lot about why some people love them and a lot of people hate them. On Thin Ice Lots of people hear the word "icebreaker" and cringe. Icebreakers are perceived as touchy-feely, frivolous, and a big waste of time. Others suggest the dislike of icebreakers may not be so much a reflection of the culture but of the individuals themselves. Still, despite their bad reputation, icebreakers remain a highly valued component of many learning sessions, no matter the age, level, or geographic location of the learners. The first suggestion to improve the effectiveness of icebreaker activities involves changing the name. What to Call Them? As a marketer myself, I am keenly aware of a brand in need of a makeover. Why Bother? Whatever you choose to call them, trainers around the world keep using icebreakers because they are powerful tools. The Right Way Tell them everything.
Social influence Morton Deutsch and Harold Gerard described two psychological needs that lead humans to conform to the expectations of others. These include our need to be right (informational social influence), and our need to be liked (normative social influence). Informational influence (or social proof) is an influence to accept information from another as evidence about reality. Informational influence comes into play when people are uncertain, either because stimuli are intrinsically ambiguous or because there is social disagreement. Normative influence is an influence to conform to the positive expectations of others. In terms of Kelman's typology, normative influence leads to public compliance, whereas informational influence leads to private acceptance. Types Social Influence is a broad term that relates to many different phenomena. Kelman's varieties 1) Compliance 2) Identification 3) Internalization Conformity Minority influence Reactance
Nicht-Ort Der Begriff Nicht-Ort (frz. non-lieu, engl. non-place) bezeichnet ein Gedankengebäude des französischen Anthropologen Marc Augé. Nicht-Orte sind insbesondere mono-funktional genutzte Flächen im urbanen und suburbanen Raum wie Einkaufszentren (Shopping Malls), Autobahnen, Bahnhöfe und Flughäfen. Der Unterschied zum traditionellen, insbesondere anthropologischen Ort besteht im Fehlen von Geschichte, Relation und Identität, sowie in einer kommunikativen Verwahrlosung. Vorläufer einer Theorie der Nicht-Orte[Bearbeiten] Bereits vor Marc Augé beschäftigten sich Wissenschaftler mit dem Wandel des städtischen Raumes. „[The] weakening of the identity of places to the point where they not only look alike but feel alike and offer the same bland possibilities for experience“ (Relph 1976, 90). „In general, the heterotopic site is not freely accessible like a public place. Der Begriff Nicht-Ort wurde schließlich von Michel de Certeau in seinem Hauptwerk Kunst des Handelns geprägt. Non-Lieux[Bearbeiten]
What is the new sociology of Ideas ? A Discussion with Charles Camic and Neil Gross - Transeo Review Humanities are not so common an object of investigation for social scientists. Other disciplines (intellectual history, political science or even philosophy) tend to challenge the accounts produced by sociologists. Moreover, the sophistication of disciplines such as philosophy or economic analysis can sometimes be a barrier for sociologists working on them. Charles Camic : Although I “turned” about 10 years ago to using the expression “sociology of ideas” to describe my work, I’ve actually been doing research in this vein onward from my time in graduate school. When I was a sociology graduate student at the University of Chicago in the mid-1970s, my initial interests were social theory and the sociology of education. As I began reading the sparse literature that then made up the sociology of knowledge, however, I was quickly disabused of this expectation. Neil Gross : Any sociologist of ideas worth his salt will naturally be suspicious of the autobiographical narratives of intellectuals.
Robert Cialdini Robert B. Cialdini is Regents' Professor Emeritus of Psychology and Marketing at Arizona State University. He is best known for his 1984 book on persuasion and marketing, Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion. Influence has sold over 2 million copies and has been translated into twenty-six languages. Influence Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion (ISBN 0-688-12816-5) has also been published as a textbook under the title Influence: Science and Practice (ISBN 0-321-01147-3). In writing the book, he spent three years going "undercover" applying for jobs and training at used car dealerships, fund-raising organizations, and telemarketing firms to observe real-life situations of persuasion. Harvard Business Review lists Dr. Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion was included in 50 Psychology Classics (ISBN 978-1-85788-386-2) by Tom Butler-Bowdon. 6 key principles of influence by Robert Cialdini Selected publications Yes! See also References External links
Cousins of Neanderthals Left DNA in Africa, Scientists Report The geneticists reached this conclusion, reported on Thursday in the journal Cell, after decoding the entire genome of three isolated hunter-gatherer peoples in Africa, hoping to cast light on the origins of modern human evolution. But the finding is regarded skeptically by some paleoanthropologists because of the absence in the fossil record of anything that would support the geneticists’ statistical calculations. Two of the hunter-gatherers in the study, the Hadza and Sandawe of Tanzania, speak click languages and carry ancient DNA lineages that trace to the earliest branchings of the human family tree. The third group is that of the forest-dwelling pygmies of Cameroon, who also have ancient lineages and unusual blood types. The geneticists, led by Joseph Lachance and Sarah A. Tishkoff of the University of Pennsylvania, decoded the entire genomes of five men from each of these groups. Among the DNA sequences special to pygmies, Dr. Dr. Dr. A co-author, Joshua M.
David Riesman David Riesman (September 22, 1909 – May 10, 2002) was a sociologist, educator and best-selling commentator on American society. Career The Lonely Crowd Horowitz says The Lonely Crowd: A Study of the Changing American Character in 1950: quickly became the nation’s most influential and widely read mid-century work of social and cultural criticism. The book is largely a study of modern conformity, which postulates the existence of the "inner-directed" and "other-directed" personalities. Ironically, this creates a tightly grouped crowd of people that is yet incapable of truly fulfilling each other's desire for sexual pleasure. American higher education In addition to his many other publications, Riesman was also a noted commentator on American higher education, publishing, with his seminal work, The Academic Revolution co-written with Christopher Jencks. References Further reading Galbo, Joseph. External links Quotations related to David Riesman at Wikiquote
Other Concept A person's definition of the 'Other' is part of what defines or even constitutes the self (in both a psychological and philosophical sense) and other phenomena and cultural units. It has been used in social science to understand the processes by which societies and groups exclude 'Others' whom they want to subordinate or who do not fit into their society. The concept of 'otherness' is also integral to the comprehending of a person, as people construct roles for themselves in relation to an 'other' as part of a process of reaction that is not necessarily related to stigmatization or condemnation. Othering is imperative to national identities, where practices of admittance and segregation can form and sustain boundaries and national character. History The concept that the self requires the Other to define itself is an old one and has been expressed by many writers: Husserl used the idea as a basis for intersubjectivity. Imperialism Knowledge
Fremde Das Fremde bezeichnet etwas, das als abweichend von Vertrauten wahrgenommen wird, das heißt aus Sicht dessen, der diesen Begriff verwendet, als etwas (angeblich) Andersartiges oder weit Entferntes. Fremdheit kann positive Assoziationen im Sinne von Exotik oder negative Assoziationen hervorrufen. Menschen, die als in diesem Sinne fremd wahrgenommen werden, werden als Fremde bezeichnet, im Gegensatz zu Bekannten und Vertrauten. Als fremd wahrgenommenen Regionen oder auch Fachbereiche werden als fremde , im Gegensatz zu Heimat , bezeichnet. Die Unterscheidung von Eigenem und Fremdem ist eine Grunderfahrung des Menschen, der - parallel zur Entfaltung seines Ich - verschiedene Grade von Fremdheit bzw. Zugehörigkeit erfährt. Die Antike erkannte das Fremde vor allem in der Dimension der unterschiedlichen Sprache (griechisch: βάρβαρος, bárbaros, Plural βάρβαροι, bárbaroi; der Barbar ist der Fremde, der unverständlich spricht). Gruppendynamik [ Bearbeiten ] Ethnologie [ Bearbeiten ] Beispiele: