Northern Ireland is one of the four countries in the United Kingdom, with England, Scotland and Wales. It is to the north of the Republic of Ireland, on an island next to Great Britain. Around 1.8 million people live in Northern Ireland, which is about 3% of the population of the UK. The capital city is Belfast. Another name for Northern Ireland is ‘Ulster’ or ‘The Six Counties’ because it is made up of six regions or counties. In Northern Ireland you can find beautiful beaches, forests and mountains. Northern Ireland was a place of conflict between people who wanted to be part of the Republic of Ireland, people who wanted to be part of the UK and people who wanted Northern Ireland to be a separate country. Language Nearly everyone in Northern Ireland speaks English. Music You can hear all types of music in Northern Ireland including traditional Irish music, jazz, rock or pop. Sport Food Symbols St Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
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