The freshwater biome
Online exhibits : The world's biomes The freshwater biome Freshwater is defined as having a low salt concentration — usually less than 1%. Plants and animals in freshwater regions are adjusted to the low salt content and would not be able to survive in areas of high salt concentration (i.e., ocean). There are different types of freshwater regions: Ponds and lakes These regions range in size from just a few square meters to thousands of square kilometers. The topmost zone near the shore of a lake or pond is the littoral zone. The near-surface open water surrounded by the littoral zone is the limnetic zone. Plankton have short life spans — when they die, they fall into the deep-water part of the lake/pond, the profundal zone. Temperature varies in ponds and lakes seasonally. Streams and rivers These are bodies of flowing water moving in one direction. Wetlands Wetlands are areas of standing water that support aquatic plants.
Related: Freshwater Wetlands