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Modal Summary

Modal Summary
Grammar-Quizzes › Verb Phrases › Verb Groups › Modals Summary of Practices Modal Diagnostic: identify specific points that need review Quiz 1: beginning – intermediate Quiz 2: intermediate – advanced Will / Might: express varying degrees of certainty Beg—Inter. Polar bears will perish. (100% certain) They might not survive in the arctic. (< 50% certainty) Will / Would: express attitudes of determination, unwillingness or failure I will win this singing contest! The judges won't let me sing another song. I would have done better, but my voice cracked. Be going / Will: express immediate vs scheduled future events I am going to text Brad the news. I will call Jill tomorrow to see how she is. We are going to go to the movies. We are going to come home. Will be -ing: express future activities with focus on the flow of time Beg–Adv ESL We will be working in this area. Will you leave now? Do you intend to be staying long? Modals—Scheduled Events (Present & Future) Beginning ESL I will get there around noon.

Modal Article – Identifying Modals in Context Modal Article Identifying Modals In Context The Recording Industry vs. Music Pirates Text of Article Programs such as Napster and Gnutella allow you to download MP3 files from other people's hard drives without paying a penny to the artist or entertainment industry. The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), an industry group that represents major record labels, filed suit against Napster. How does this affect you? It might put Napster out of business, and if you're a devoted Napster user, this is certainly sad news. Should the recording industry wish to get personal and go after individuals--and you engage in this kind of file trading--it's possible that you'll be taken to task (prosecuted) for your actions. Where will this all lead? Practice Recognizing the Verb Forms in Context 1.

Modal Verbs Click here for all the exercises about modal verbs Here's a list of the modal verbs in English: Modals are different from normal verbs: 1: They don't use an 's' for the third person singular. 2: They make questions by inversion ('she can go' becomes 'can she go?'). Probability: First, they can be used when we want to say how sure we are that something happened / is happening / will happen. For example: It's snowing, so it must be very cold outside.I don't know where John is. Ability We use 'can' and 'could' to talk about a skill or ability. She can speak six languages.My grandfather could play golf very well.I can't drive.Click here to find out more about ability. Obligation and Advice We can use verbs such as 'must' or 'should' to say when something is necessary or unnecessary, or to give advice. Children must do their homework.We have to wear a uniform at work.You should stop smoking.Click here to find out more about obligation Permission Could I leave early today, please? Habits Past modals

Free esl: English grammar worksheets Printable exercises pdf Esl worksheets: printable exercises with answers Welcome! On this page you will find a number of free esl worksheets with English grammar exercises which you can download to you computer and which are easily printable. They are suitable for all levels - beginner, elementary, pre-intermediate, intermediate and advanced. 1. On the following page you can use our printable diagnostic tests to find out which tenses and verb forms you need to study and which exercises you should do to improve your grammar. Diagnostic tests with mixed tenses and verb foms 2. In each of the following free English grammar worksheets there are two exercises with keys practising different aspects of all English tenses, going to and modal verbs can, may, must. The worksheet below is focused on differences between these two forms. Present simple and continuous Fill the gaps and answer questions to learn how to express future plans and arrangements: Present tenses for future, going to Modal verbs can, may, must 3. 4. top

Phrasal Verb Dictionary To look up a phrasal verb, click a letter in the menu. The formats below are used in phrasal verb definitions.separable verbs: (talk * into)inseparable verbs: (run into +)object can be in both positions: (look * up +) 1. A phrasal verb is a verb plus a preposition or adverb which creates a meaning different from the original verb. Example: I ran into my teacher at the movies last night. run + into = meet He ran away when he was 15. run + away = leave home 2. Example: He suddenly showed up. 3. Example: I made up the story. 4. Example: I talked my mother into letting me borrow the car. 5. Example: I ran into an old friend yesterday. 6. Example: I looked the number up in the phone book. 7. Example: I looked the number up in the phone book. Also try our Verb + Preposition Dictionary to look up standard verb + prepostion combinations. Your personal online English school.

Irregular Verb Page's Irregular Verb Dictionary for English learners contains over 370 irregular verbs used in modern English. To view our Extended Irregular Verb Dictionary, which contains over 470 verbs including rare and antiquated forms, Click Here. Alternate forms are separated by /. The first form listed is the most commonly used. Flashcards & Exercises | About Dictionary Your personal online English school.

Gerunds and Infinitives What is a Gerund? A gerund (often known as an -ing word) is a noun formed from a verb by adding -ing. See also Nouns/Gerund. Not all words formed with -ing are gerunds. You've probably been using them for years. What is the infinitive? An infinitive is to + the verb. The most famous infinitive quote has to be, "To be or not to be. Gerunds and infinitives are forms of verbs that act like nouns. When a verb follows a verb it either takes the gerund or infinitive form. Some verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive with no loss of meaning. For example: With the verb start - "It started to rain." or "It started raining." Sometimes the use of the gerund or infinitive changes the meaning of the sentence. With the verb remember - "I remembered to do my homework". or "I remembered doing my homework." In the first sentence (I remembered to do my homework), the person speaking remembered they had some homework first and then carried out the action and did it. Gerunds after Prepositions

Verb Tenses Interactive Grammar Game for ESL - Jeopardy Quiz Game Practice different Verb Tenses (Present simple tense, present progressive, past simple, past progressive, present perfect, future tenses and more) using this ESL Jeopardy Quiz Game. This game is also excellent for classroom teaching. Teachers can engage students in a classroom grammar review for elementary ESL, EFL Learners. It can be used to energize a dull class, to review work that was done or simply as a reward for good classroom work. Games are great for motivating students to learn. More Games 50 of the Best Websites for Writers | There are tons of reference sites on the web that can help you find a job or write a poem, essay or story. Here is a list of the best 50 websites for writers. Reference Websites Merriam-Webster Online - Merriam Webster is the perfect place to look up words and find information. The site offers a dictionary, thesaurus, encyclopedia, podcasts, word games and a lot of other things that may be of interest to writers and word-lovers. Bartleby - This site is good if you need a quote or if you want free access to encyclopedias, dictionaries, thesauri, and other reference books. General Writing Websites Writer's Digest - Probably one of the best all-around websites for writers, Writer's Digest offers information on writing better and getting published. Fiction Writing Websites - publishes a Guide to Fiction Writing with general information about fiction writing and a number of community forums for both current and aspiring writers. Nonfiction Writing Websites

Perfect Modals Ppt Presentation Slide 1: Used to give possible reasons why something happened or didn’t happen in the past. Perfect Modals may have... might have... could have... must have... Part 1 : Part 1 May have . . . Why didn’t John come out to lunch with us yesterday? Why didn’t John come out to lunch with us yesterday? Why was Tomas late to class on Monday? Why was Tomas late to class on Monday? What do you think your husband got you for your anniversary? What do you think your husband got you for your anniversary? I wonder why Susan seemed so sad yesterday I wonder why Susan seemed so sad yesterday. I wonder why the teacher wasn’t in class on Friday I wonder why the teacher wasn’t in class on Friday. Part 2 : Part 2 Must have . . . Meaning / Use: : Meaning / Use: Must have = similar to the use of may/might/could have… Must have shows more certainty than may/might/could have… Use must have + past participle to show a strong probability Comparison: may/might/could have… versus must have… : For the NEGATIVE: : Slide 17:

TOEFL High Score Words--Group 1 New Words Known Words Review Words How many words have been selected in TOEFL High Score Words? And what criteria are followed to select words for this web app? Totally this web app includes 2000 words. This web app is designed for students who are working hard to get high scores in TOEFL tests. The words are usually less frequent in daily but occasionally appear in TOEFL exam, specially in reading section. If you are ready for basic TOEFL vocabulary, this is a good option to enrich your high score TOEFL words. What are special features of TOEFL High Score Words? This web app isn't only a word list. How can I save word status for future use? Before saving, you should sign in. When do I use Save button? After you change any word status, you will see new status immediately. When do I use Refresh button? Refresh button will retrieve word status that are kept in server. Why are the word status not as same as that I saved at previous practice? In most cases, your word status should be retrieved when open any group page. Yes.