how to study - Dartmouth Developing critical thinking It means not taking what you hear or read at face value, but using your critical faculties to weigh up the evidence, and considering the implications and conclusions of what the writer is saying. Imagine two situations. On the first, you are on a country walk and you come across a notice which tells you not to attempt to climb a fence because of risk of electrocution. Would you pause to consider before obeying this instruction? On the other hand, suppose you were to receive a letter from a local farmer announcing that he proposed to put up an electric fence to protect a certain field. In this case, would you not be more likely to think about his reasons for doing so and what the implications would be for you and your family? An allied skill is the ability to analyse – that is, to read or listen for the following points: How robust are the points presented as evidence? Debate: arguing different points of view. Selecting information critically For books, who is the publisher? 1. 2. 3. 4.
Classical Rhetoric: The Three Means of Persuasion Welcome back to our ongoing series on classical rhetoric. Today we’ll cover the three means of persuasion as set forth by Aristotle in The Art of Rhetoric. According to Aristotle, a speaker or writer has three ways to persuade his audience: Of the modes of persuasion furnished by the spoken word there are three kinds. The first kind depends on the personal character of the speaker; the second on putting the audience into a certain frame of mind; the third on the proof, or apparent proof, provided by the words of the speech itself. Below we cover the basics of the three means of persuasion and offer a few suggestions on how to implement them into your rhetorical arsenal. Ready to get started? Ethos: The Appeal to the Speaker’s or Writer’s Character or Reputation If you wish to persuade, you need to establish credibility and authority with your audience. A speaker or writer can use ethos in several ways. Living a life of virtue is perhaps the best way to develop ethos. All men are mortal.
Speech Analysis: How to Critique a Speech Published: Jan 18th, 2008 Studying other speakers is a critical skill, one of the 25 essential skills for a public speaker. The ability to analyze a speech will accelerate the growth of any speaker. The Speech Analysis Series is a series of articles examining different aspects of presentation analysis. You will learn how to study a speech and how to deliver an effective speech evaluation. The Speech Analysis Series The first in the series, this article outlines questions to ask yourself when assessing a presentation. The Most Important Thing to Analyze: The Speech Objectives Knowing the speaker’s objective is critical to analyzing the speech, and should certainly influence how you study it. What is the speaker’s goal? The Audience and Context for the Speech A speaker will need to use different techniques to connect with an audience of 1500 than they would with an audience of 15. Where and when is the speech being delivered? Speech Content and Structure Before the Speech The Speech Opening Humor
Disinformation Most of us lie and get lied to every single day. We say we're fine when we're actually having a bad day. We lie to protect the feelings of others, to get out of trouble and to get what we want. Our newspapers lie, our politicians lie, our parents lie. The Disinformation movie Click the image or link below to watch the movie. Launch the Disinformation movie Which stories do you think actually happened? Now take a look at the Activities section . ShareThis
What is a Podcast? via NYT / iTunes This Am. Life FREE Podcasts and Downloads - Jeremy Vine’s Being Human Compare-Contrast, Cause-Effect, Problem-Solution: Common 'Text Types' in The Times Monica Almeida/The New York TimesHow does a bad economy affect businesses like Phoenix Decorating in Pasadena? We’re using this and other articles as models of writing about cause and effect. Go to related article » Update | Sept. 2012: We’ll be exploring the new Common Core State Standards, and how teaching with The Times can address them, through a series of blog posts. You can find them all here, in the lesson plan category “Common Core.” Last summer we took our first stab at thinking about how the Common Core Standards might apply to what we do on The Learning Network. In that post, we offered suggestions for literacy strategies that we know work well with “informational text” — a category that includes pretty much everything The Times publishes every day. Now we’d like to elaborate on that with more ideas for helping students understand common expository “text structures” like cause and effect, compare and contrast and problem-solution. Cause and Effect Signal Words and Phrases
Reading Strategies Teaching During Reading Self-Questioning Strategies What are Self-Questioning Strategies? Self-Questioning is the ongoing process of asking questions before, during, and after reading that are used by a reader to understand text. The questions posed are based on clues that are found in the text and are generated to spark curiosity that focuses the reader's attention on investigating, understanding, and connecting to the text. A Self-Questioning Strategy is a set of steps that a student follows to generate, think about, predict, investigate, and answer questions that satisfy curiosity about what is being read. How can Self-Questioning Strategies help your students? Poor readers approach reading as a passive experience. Self-Questioning is more than just asking questions. Who can benefit from instruction in Self-Questioning Strategies? Some students can generate questions fairly well. What are the types of Self-Questioning Strategies that I might teach?