Things Writers Need To Know About Birth & Babies When perusing fiction on the Internet, I often see that many writers apparently have some rather... skewed ideas about childbirth and babies that are pretty cringeworthy to anyone remotely familiar with how the whole thing actually works. Sure, babies are cute and adorable, but it's not all sunshine and roses, either - and some of those cute behaviors don't happen as soon as people think. Anyway, based on the things I usually see people getting wrong, here's a list of things that these writers really need to know and be aware of. The labor process is actually pretty slow. Contrary to what Hollywood would have you think, the first contraction doesn't mean that the pregnant person is going to pop all over the floor if not immediately rushed to the hospital. Also, while we're on this topic, contractions often start up to hours before your water actually breaks. It's also messy. Childbearing wrecks you up. Newborn babies don't giggle or smile. Babies aren't born with green eyes.
Tree of life The tree of knowledge, connecting to heaven and the underworld, and the tree of life, connecting all forms of creation, are both forms of the world tree or cosmic tree, according to the Encyclopædia Britannica, and are portrayed in various religions and philosophies as the same tree. Religion and mythology Various trees of life are recounted in folklore, culture and fiction, often relating to immortality or fertility. They had their origin in religious symbolism. Ayyavazhi In Akilathirattu Ammanai, the source of the Ayyavazhi Mythology, life is considered as an Asura, a power-seeking entity which evolved from nature and survives by getting its energy from nature through offerings, boons from the supreme God-head Siva. The narration, in metaphorical language, that the Kroni took birth in the first Yuga and was fragmented into six, advocates for an evolutionary tree of Life. Ancient Persia Ancient Egypt Worshipping Osiris, Isis, and Horus Armenia Assyria
Ys Flight of King Gradlon, by E. V. Luminais, 1884 (Musée des Beaux-Arts, Quimper) Ys (pronounced /ˈiːs/ EESS), also spelled Is or Kêr-Is in Breton, and Ville d'Ys in French (kêr means city in Breton), is a mythical city that was built on the coast of Brittany and later swallowed by the ocean. The legend Origins According to some versions of the legend, Ys was built below sea level by Gradlon (Gralon in Breton), King of Cornouaille (Kerne in Breton), upon the request of his daughter Dahut (also called Ahes), who loved the sea. In others, Ys was founded more than 2000 years before Gradlon's reign in a then-dry location off the current coast of the Bay of Douarnenez, but the Breton coast had slowly given way to the sea so that Ys was under it at each high tide when Gradlon's reign began. Fall Ys was the most beautiful and impressive city in Europe, but quickly became a city of sin under the influence of Dahut. One day, a knight dressed in red came to Ys. A. See also
Creating Plausibly Functional & Useful Tools, Gadgets, & Weapons For Fiction If you're creating a world or setting where there might be fantastic or unusual technology of any kind and you'd like your tech to look and feel like stuff people really would develop and would use if they could, then here are some tips and guidelines. First, ask yourself if there's actually in-story justification to use a fantastic fantastic tool, gadget, or weapon. If you're considering using some kind of fantastic weapon or gadget in your story or setting, first ask yourself if it would really be worth using it from an in-story perspective. Liability: A dead body killed by a shot fired from a generic pistol is a lot easier to chalk up to common criminal than a dead body that has obviously been killed in some highly unorthodox fashion. A fancy laser wire cutter that's only produced in limited quantity by one particular company narrows the suspect pool a lot more than a pair of ordinary wire cutters that could be picked up from almost any hardware store would. Cost vs. So, in summary...
Flood myth "The Deluge", frontispiece to Gustave Doré's illustrated edition of the Bible. Based on the story of Noah's Ark, this shows humans and a tiger doomed by the flood futilely attempting to save their children and cubs. A flood myth or deluge myth is a symbolic narrative in which a great flood is sent by a deity, or deities, to destroy civilization in an act of divine retribution. Mythologies The Mesopotamian flood stories concern the epics of Ziusudra, Gilgamesh, and Atrahasis. In the Genesis flood narrative, Yahweh decides to flood the earth because of the depth of the sinful state of mankind. Claims of historicity Nanabozho in Ojibwe flood story from an illustration by R.C. The geography of the Mesopotamian area was considerably changed by the filling of the Persian Gulf after sea waters rose following the last ice age. Adrienne Mayor promoted the hypothesis that flood stories were inspired by ancient observations of seashells and fish fossils in inland and mountain areas.
Stellar evolution Representative lifetimes of stars as a function of their masses The life cycle of a Sun-like star. Artist's depiction of the life cycle of a Sun-like star, starting as a main-sequence star at lower left then expanding through the subgiant and giant phases, until its outer envelope is expelled to form a planetary nebula at upper right. Stellar evolution is the process by which a star undergoes a sequence of radical changes during its lifetime. Depending on the mass of the star, this lifetime ranges from only a few million years for the most massive to trillions of years for the least massive, which is considerably longer than the age of the universe. The table shows the lifetimes of stars as a function of their masses. All stars are born from collapsing clouds of gas and dust, often called nebulae or molecular clouds. Nuclear fusion powers a star for most of its life. Birth of a star Schematic of stellar evolution. Protostar Brown dwarfs and sub-stellar objects
Things Writers Get Wrong About Bladed Weapons Whether in sword 'n sorcery fantasies, slasher horror stories, or even in stories set in the ordinary, modern world, bladed weapons turn up a lot... and there are a lot of mistakes made. Here are a few of them addressed. "This fancy/wicked-looking sword/dagger/knife would be a GREAT weapon!" A weapon that has an especially ornate or fancy design is probably designed for ceremonial, formal, or decorative use rather than combat use. (And depending on what it's going to be used for, it may not even be sharpened - EG, the athame.) Bladed weapons used in combat were often badly damaged, and would need to be extensively repaired, reforged, or even replaced afterward, as any object that encounters an object of equal or near-equal hardness with enough force will dent, deform, or even break. The cheap (EG, ten dollars or so) knives and swords that you can pick up at weapons shows or at the mall are designed to be decorations, not weapons. Sharpness is good, but it can only take you so far. Nope.
Internet Sacred Text Archive Home Nucleosynthesis Nucleosynthesis is the process that creates new atomic nuclei from pre-existing nucleons, primarily protons and neutrons. The first nuclei were formed about three minutes after the Big Bang, through the process called Big Bang nucleosynthesis. It was then that hydrogen and helium formed that became the content of the first stars, and is responsible for the present hydrogen/helium ratio of the cosmos. With the formation of stars, heavier nuclei were created from hydrogen and helium by stellar nucleosynthesis, a process that continues today. Supernova nucleosynthesis within exploding stars, is responsible for the abundances of elements between magnesium (atomic number 12) and nickel (atomic number 28). Supernova nucleosynthesis is also thought to be responsible for the creation of elements heavier than iron and nickel, in the last few seconds of a type II supernova event. Timeline History of nucleosynthesis theory Abundances of the chemical elements in the Solar system.