Like Modern Civilization? Thank War If history always felt a little made up and you wished there were more sharply-defined quantitative predictions that could be tested empirically, you are in luck. A new mathematical method has done just that. An trans-disciplinary team tackled a way to mathematically determine how human societies evolve from small groups to the huge, anonymous and complex societies of today. Their cultural evolutionary model predicts where and when the largest-scale complex societies arose in human history. They determined that intense warfare is the evolutionary driver of large complex societies. Simulated within a realistic landscape of the Afro-Eurasian landmass during 1,500 BC to 1,500 AD, their mathematical model was tested against the historical record. These are Mongol horsemen. The model-predicted spread of large-scale societies was very similar to the observed one; the model was able to explain two-thirds of the variation in determining the rise of large-scale societies.
Thanksgiving Interactive: You are the Historian | Plimoth Plantation What really happened at the First Thanksgiving? Become a history detective and find out! In this fun, award-winning activity, you take on the role of a “history detective” to investigate what really happened at the famous 1621 celebration. begin your adventure Great for kids (and adults) of all ages, the activities are designed to address Massachusetts’ and national curriculum standards. What You'll Need Adobe Flash Player Internet Explorer 8 or better Firefox 3 or better Speakers or headphones - make sure your volume is turned up For best viewing, set your screen resolution to 1024x768 Downloading Due to the extremely high level of interest during the Thanksgiving season, you may experience slow response and loading times. Save the file OLC_Install.zip to your hard drive and un-zip the contents. You are the Historian is a production of Plimoth Plantation. Did you enjoy You are the Historian? The Journey of the Mayflower II
Military Technology The Song period is a good point to take stock of China's military technology. First, warfare was central to the history of the period. The confrontation between the Song and the three successive non-Chinese states to the north (Liao, Jin, and Yuan) made warfare not only a major preoccupation for those in government service, but also a stimulus to rethinking major intellectual issues. Warfare in this period usually aimed to capture cities, which were the centers of both commerce and government. Think about the following issues as you view the sections on the right. Ukraine Separatists Rewrite History of 1930s Famine Photo DONETSK, Ukraine — Yevdokiya was still a young girl, her nephew recalled, when the neighbors invited her over for a social occasion of some sort. This was during the great famine of 1933, he said, and her family became alarmed when she failed to return. She never did come home, said the nephew, Aleksandr S. Khodakovsky, now a senior official in the Russian-backed separatist government of the Donetsk People’s Republic. Traditionally, Ukrainian historians have characterized the famine as a genocide, the direct result of Stalin’s forced collectivization and the Soviet government’s requisitioning of grain for export abroad, leaving Ukraine short — and its borders sealed shut. But that is not what students in southeastern Ukraine are learning this year. Even Mr. Ukraine’s 20th-century history is steeped in blood. Natalia S. “History doesn’t change,” Ms. And history is hardly academic these days in Donetsk. Igor V. Despite his horrific family history during the famine, Mr. Mr. Photo Mr.
Livius. Articles on Ancient History Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368) During the Yuan dynasty, China—for the first time in its long history—was completely subjugated by foreign conquerors and became part of a larger political entity, the vast Mongol empire. Ironically, during this century of alien occupation, Chinese culture not only survived but was reinvigorated. Lacking experience in the administration of a complex empire, the Mongols gradually adopted Chinese political and cultural models. Ruling from their capital in Dadu (also known as Khanbalik; now Beijing), the Mongol Khans increasingly assumed the role of Chinese emperors. During the 1340s and 1350s, however, internal political cohesion disintegrated as growing factionalism at court, rampant corruption, and a succession of natural calamities led to rebellion and, finally, dynastic collapse. In spite of the gradual assimilation of Yuan monarchs, the Mongol conquest imposed a harsh new political reality upon China.
Welcome - The Flow of History No. 2 | Timothy May: The Mongol Empire in World History World History and the Mongols An empire arose in the steppes of Mongolia in the thirteenth century that forever changed the map of the world, opened intercontinental trade, spawned new nations, changed the course of leadership in two religions, and impacted history indirectly in a myriad of other ways. At its height, the Mongol Empire was the largest contiguous empire in history, stretching from the Sea of Japan to the Carpathian Mountains. Brief History The formation of the Mongol Empire was a slow and arduous process, beginning with the unification of the Mongol and Turkic tribes that dwelt in the Mongolian steppes. Temüjin unified the tribes of Mongolia by 1206 into a single supra-tribe known as the Khamag Mongol Ulus or the All Mongol State. Expansion of the Mongol Empire Mongol expansion into Central Asia began in 1209, as the Mongols pursued tribal leaders who opposed Chinggis Khan's rise to power in Mongolia and thus constituted a threat to his authority there. Geography
World History Encyclopædia Iranica | Home 100 Years of Conflict We compiled this piece to explain the key global events of the last 100 years to coincide with the centenary of World War One. We’ve used a variety of graphics, timelines and data visualisations to explain the chain link of events that lead us to global politics as they are today. If you want to make further suggestions on what we can work in, let us know on the comments. By 1914 Europe was divided by two major Alliance systems: The Triple Alliance between Germany, Austria Hungary and Italy and the Triple Entente, between France, Russia and Great Britain. Heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip on 28th June 1914. World War One Western Front Battle Timeline While fighting in World War One spanned continents, the longest action was to be seen on the Western Front where trench warfare led to a grinding stalemate. The Costs of World War One Political Consequences of World War One The Rise of Extremism The Nuclear Arms Race