Scientific Argumentation SCIENTIFIC ARGUMENTATION The Science Teacher, Summer 2013 vol. 80 no. 5 Excerpts of Six Articles ENSI Lessons for Argumentation Click Here for PDF Copy of This Page What is Scientific Argumentation? During the processes of scientific inquiry, scientists will make claims, based on observable evidence, and will clarify with justification of the evidence as relevant to the claims. Other scientists often make rebuttal claims, pointing to other evidence that counters the evidence for the previous claim. It's important to know that scientific argumentation is quite different from typical arguing that goes on between people, which is seldom based on tangible evidence, and typically involves opinions, beliefs and emotion. The following articles can be found in the Summer 2013 issue of the NSTA journal The Science Teacher. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. MEL diagrams are effiecient replacements for instructional materials the merely provide information.
Exploring the Lunar Surface Educator Guide Product Type: Educator GuideAudience: EducatorsGrade Levels: 3-5Publication Year: 2013Subjects: Mathematics The lessons in this book use the 5E learning cycle to help students in grades 3-5 learn about the moon. Hands-on activities and mathematical concepts demonstrate size and proportion. The guide explains the moon's two orbital periods - sidereal and synodic. In the six lessons, students build an edible model of a spacecraft; perform experiments to understand buoyancy and density; use classification skills; use measurement to understand craters; and practice mathematics skills with lunar data. Exploring the Lunar Surface [6MB PDF file]
Hands-on Activities for Teaching Biology to High School or Middle School Students by Drs. Ingrid Waldron and Jennifer Doherty, University of Pennsylvania The expression "hands-on, minds-on" summarizes the philosophy we have incorporated in these activities - namely, that students will learn best if they are actively engaged and if their activities are closely linked to understanding important biological concepts. Many of our activities are explicitly aligned with the Next Generation Science Standards, as indicated by (NGSS) in the descriptions below and the links to the right. To accommodate limited budgets, most of our activities can be carried out with minimum equipment and expense for supplies. Additional resources for teaching biology are available at More Minds on Activities for Teaching Biology. Read More Intro and Biological Molecules Is Yeast Alive? Students evaluate whether the little brown grains of yeast obtained from the grocery store are alive by testing for metabolism and growth. Enzymes Help Us Digest Food(revised, August, 2015) Who Took Jerell's iPod?
Debates What is Debating? Debating is a structured contest of argumentation in which two opposing individuals or teams defend and attack a given proposition. The procedure is bound by rules that vary based on location and participants. The process is adjudicated and a winner is declared. Debating is a foundational aspect of a democratic society and thus reflects the values of Canadians. What is its purpose? The intent of the strategy is to engage learners in a combination of activities that cause them to interact with the curriculum. Debates require students to engage in research, encourage the development of listening and oratory skills, create an environment where students must think critically, and provide a method for teachers to assess the quality of learning of the students. Debating as an activity is most effectively used in grades from middle years on up. How do I do it? Procedural rules exist for debating. Begin by familiarizing the students with the concept of debating. Teacher Resources
Space Math @ NASA Mathematics Grade 6 Chapter 1 - Dividing Multi-digit Whole Numbers [Click Here] - Students will learn about satellites that gather data about Earth systems through reading a NASA press release and viewing a NASA eClips video segment. Then students will practice dividing multi-digit numbers using satellite data related to Earths ozone layer. Featured NASA Missions: Aura Chapter 2 - Translating between Tables and Expressions [Click Here] - Students will learn about black holes through reading a NASA press release and viewing a NASA eClips video segment. Then students will use tables and mathematical expressions to compare black hole sizes and temperatures. Featured NASA Missions: Chandra, Swift Chapter 3 - Understanding Decimals [Click Here] - Students will learn about the Cassini mission and its exploration of Saturns moons through reading a NASA press release. Mathematics Grade 7 Mathematics Grade 8
Alignment of Activities with Next Generation Science Standards Many of our activities for helping middle school and high school students learn life sciences are aligned with the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS; The following tables summarize our activities that are explicitly aligned with NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas and Performance Expectations. These tables also summarize how each of these activities engages students in Scientific Practices and provides the opportunity to discuss Crosscutting Concepts. Brief descriptions of these activities are compiled at The Teacher Notes for each activity provide additional information concerning alignment with the Next Generation Science Standards. Learning Activities for Disciplinary Core Idea (DCI) LS1.A - Structure and Function (Part 1) These activities help to prepare students to meet Performance Expectations (PE): LS1.B - Growth and Development of Organisms MS-LS2-3.
Teachers Nationally Recognized Teacher Training in STEM Education Are you a PK-12 educator seeking sustained professional development in high-quality STEM Education? Our nationally recognized professional development model has been developed to support the evolution of your classroom offering with a focus on high-quality problem based learning experiences rooted in career connections, 21st century skills and collaboration. ngss-assessment Portal Explore the Next Generation Science Assessments formative assessment tasks below. Currently we have NGSS performance expectation (PE) clusters in the areas of Chemical Reactions, and Energy and Matter. Life science tasks are currently under development and will become available soon. We have unpacked the PE standards into less broad but more manageable pieces that we call Learning Performances (LPs). The LPs still retain the three-dimensional character of a PE. The items found here are in draft form and are still undergoing iterative development and testing. Browse the collection below or use our search page to search by NGSS PE, our own LP codes, or specific task ID. Chemical Reactions Main PEs MS-PS1-2. MS-PS1-5. Support PE MS-PS1-1. LP C01: Students analyze and interpret data to determine whether substances are the same based upon characteristic properties. LP C04: Students evaluate whether a model explains that a chemical reaction produces new substances and conserves atoms. Energy Main PE
The Book of Potentially Catastrophic Science Purpose To help students engage in the scientific processes of inquiry, teamwork, and communication by learning about and doing an experiment about one of the major scientific and technological breakthroughs that have occurred over the past two million years of human history. Context This lesson uses the book, The Book of Potentially Catastrophic Science, by Sean Connolly. This book is one of the winners of the 2011 SB&F Prize for Excellence in Science Books. SB&F, Science Books & Films, is a project of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. As students learn science in school, they learn a great deal of content and information about the natural world. This lesson for grades 6-8 helps answer this question by making use of The Book of Potentially Catastrophic Science, a collection of science experiments that can be performed at home and in school. Ideas in this lesson are also related to these concepts found in the Common Core State Standards: Read More Planning Ahead
Introduction Facilitation GuidePowerpoint Slides Learning about and using the Five Tools and Processes for NGSS is a rigorous professional development experience. The process assumes that teachers are already familiar with how to read a NGSS standards page. Teachers should also be familiar with the conceptual shifts in the NGSS, the innovations in NGSS, and the research on how students learn science. To help provide this information, an Introduction session to the Five Tools and Processes for NGSS was developed. To learn more, read the Foreword to the Five Tools and Processes by Rodger W. The purpose of Tool 1 is to help teachers develop an understanding of the three dimensions of the NGSS and to use these dimensions to develop a blueprint for designing an instructional unit. In Tool 2, teachers start to plan the assessment and evidence of learning for their unit by taking performance expectations from the NGSS and developing evidence of learning specifications.