National Geographic: Egypt Pyramids--Facts, Photos, Diagrams Writer Carl Hoffman traveled to Egypt in February 2011, a week after popular demonstrations led to the president's resignation. These are his observations. Tourism is Egypt’s second largest source of revenue, bringing in $13 billion in 2010. The Great Pyramid at Giza, after all, is one of the seven ancient wonders of the world. To visit the Pyramids is to be struck dumb by their monumentality, their celebration of the fundamental human need to create. I have visited them before, but this time they felt different. In the empty quiet I had a chance to talk to the horsemen and camel drivers who usually hustle rides to tourists. “We have no work, nothing,” said Ali Abd el Hamid, astride his camel. He and his colleagues ply their trade seven days a week, year in and year out, a profession inherited from their fathers and grandfathers. “I had three camels but sold two to feed my family,” says Hussein, who wouldn’t give his last name.
Encyclopedia Smithsonian: The Egyptian Pyramid The pyramids of Egypt fascinated travellers and conquerors in ancient times and continue to inspire wonder in the tourists, mathematicians, and archeologists who visit, explore, measure and describe them. Tombs of early Egyptian kings were bench-shaped mounds called mastabas. Around 2780 B.C., King Djoser's architect, Imhotep, built the first pyramid by placing six mastabas, each smaller than the one beneath, in a stack to form a pyramid rising in steps. This Step Pyramid stands on the west bank of the Nile River at Sakkara near Memphis. The transition from the Step Pyramid to a true, smooth-sided pyramid took placed during the reign of King Snefru, founder of the Fourth Dynasty (2680-2560 B.C.). The largest and most famous of all the pyramids, the Great Pyramid at Giza, was built by Snefru's son, Khufu, known also as Cheops, the later Greek form of his name. There has been speculation about pyramid construction. Websites and Books on Ancient Egypt (PDF) Unearthing Ancient Egypt (PDF)
ANGKORWAT Miraculously, very little damage has been made on the Angkor region as a result of the bloody civil that has terrorized the Cambodia for over 30 years. The Khmer Rouge, an extreme-left organization has actively organized guerrilla activities against Prince Sihanouk's government. In 1975, many Buddhist monks who lived in the Angkor temples were massacred along with the majority of the Buddhist population as a result of a "social reorganization". However, Angkor Wat suffered very little structural damage in that attack. Angkor began to decline around 1220 after the death of Jayavarman VII, and then was sacked twice by the Thais, in 1351 and 1431. The temples of Angkor are not far from Siem Reap and there are a number of transport options. Click here to see a brief introduction to the temples and some suggestions for itineraries. Click here to go to top.
Suez Canal The canal is owned and maintained by the Suez Canal Authority (SCA) of Egypt. Under international treaty, it may be used "in time of war as in time of peace, by every vessel of commerce or of war, without distinction of flag." History Northern outlet of the Suez Nile–Red Sea Canal(s) Ancient west–east canals were built to facilitate travel from the Nile to the Red Sea. One smaller canal is believed to have been constructed under the auspices of either Senusret II or Ramesses II. Another canal, probably incorporating a portion of the first, was constructed under the reign of Necho II; however, the only fully functional canal was engineered and completed by Darius I. 2nd millennium BC The legendary Sesostris (likely either Pharaoh Senusret II or Senusret III of the Twelfth dynasty of Egypt) is suggested to have perhaps started work on an ancient canal joining the River Nile with the Red Sea (1897 BC–1839 BC). 165.
Temples of Angkor | Expedition Road Of Bones Imagine an empire, in which center Angkor, lived one million people, where at the same time the population of London was only 50,000 people. An empire which stretched at the zenith of its development from Burma to Vietnam. Angkor was the religious and political center and home to hundreds of temples. The most famous temple complex Angkor Wat is the world’s largest religious building. But also the other, some excellent temples are worth seeing. Reason enough to plan a few days here. We decided to reverse the usual tour route to avoid some package tourists. The temples of Angkor were discovered in 1860 again. A minima idea what the explorers must have found you can see at Ta Prohm. The Banteay Kdei complex shows a different side compared with Ta Prohm. A free-standing complex impressed me and so I set up my camera, calculate the exposure with my filters and wait for a gap in the flow of tourists. It is twelve o’clock and we hope that some tourists go back to Siem Real for lunch.
Egyptian Pyramids — History.com Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts No pyramids are more celebrated than the Great Pyramids of Giza, located on a plateau on the west bank of the Nile River, on the outskirts of modern-day Cairo. The oldest and largest of the three pyramids at Giza, known as the Great Pyramid, is the only surviving structure out of the famed seven wonders of the ancient world. It was built for Khufu (Cheops, in Greek), Sneferu’s successor and the second of the eight kings of the fourth dynasty. Though Khufu reigned for 23 years (2589-2566 B.C.), relatively little is known of his reign beyond the grandeur of his pyramid. The sides of the pyramid’s base average 755.75 feet (230 meters), and its original height was 481.4 feet (147 meters), making it the largest pyramid in the world. Three small pyramids built for Khufu’s queens are lined up next to the Great Pyramid, and a tomb was found nearby containing the empty sarcophagus of his mother, Queen Hetepheres. The middle pyramid at Giza was built for Khufu’s son Khafre (2558-2532 B.C).
Temples of Angkor Wat: The most Famous and Remarkable of all of Cambodia's Ancient Temples The temples of Angkor display a coherent set of architectural and decorative elements. Most of the temples are based on the concept of the "temple mountain", i.e. the architectural representation of the mythical Mount Meru, center of the world and home of the gods. In some cases, the main temple building is shaped as a pyramid, in other cases the roofs of the temple sanctuaries are designed as multi-leveled, stylized mountains. Mythical figures such as Naga, the serpent king, and apsara, celestial dancers, adorn most of the temples, whether dedicated to a Hindu god or Buddhist practice. Angkor Wat Temples: Angkor Wat | Bakheng | Bakong | Banteay Kdei | Banteay Samre | Banteay Srei | Beng Mealea | East Mebon | Kravan | Lolei | Neak Poan | Preah Khan | Preah Ko | Pre Rup | Ta Keo | Ta Prohm Angkor Wat Noted for its architectural and artistic perfection, not to mention its sheer size, Angkor Wat is the most famous and no doubt the most remarkable of all of Cambodia's ancient temples. Site
The Children's University of Manchester 201003033452 | Dynasty of Priestesses This page is viewed 1738 times Archaeology Magazine Evidence of a powerful female bloodline emerges from the Iron Age necropolis of Orthi Petra at Eleutherna on Crete For a quarter century, Greek excavation director Nicholas Stampolidis and his dedicated team have been unearthing the untold stories of the people buried some 2,800 years ago in the necropolis of Orthi Petra at Eleutherna on Crete. History and Excavations The site of Eleutherna includes an acropolis, a polis, and a necropolis. The Dorians wove Minoan culture into the tapestry of this cosmopolitan city. Stampolidis's team has unearthed three types of Iron Age burials at Orthi Petra--or "Standing Stone" --dating from the ninth to the seventh century B.C.: pithos (large ceramic jar) burials, cremations, and basic inhumations. Despite the excavation's extraordinary success, Professor Stampolidis is greatly humbled. Sacred Adornments Makings of a Matriline Add this page to your favorite Social Bookmarking websites Related News: