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Orthopaedic References and Discussions for Physicians - Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics

Orthopaedic References and Discussions for Physicians - Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics

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Reliabilism Reliabilism encompasses a broad range of epistemological theories that try to explain knowledge or justification in terms of the truth-conduciveness of the process by which an agent forms a true belief. Process reliabilism is the most common type of reliabilism. The simplest form of process reliabilism regarding knowledge of some proposition p implies that agent S knows that p if and only if S believes that p, p is true, and S’s belief that p is formed by a reliable process. A truth-conducive or reliable process is sometimes described as a belief-forming process that produces either mostly true beliefs or a high ratio of true to false beliefs. Process reliabilism regarding justification, rather than knowledge, says that S’s belief that p is justified if and only if S’s belief that p is formed by a reliable process.

MEDLINE/PubMed Resources Guide Return to PubMed MEDLINE® contains journal citations and abstracts for biomedical literature from around the world. PubMed® provides free access to MEDLINE and links to full text articles when possible. The following resources provide detailed information about MEDLINE data and searching PubMed. Is It Safe to Cut Off the Mold and Eat the Rest? There's more to mold than that green, possibly furry patch on the surface of your bread, or the velvety dots found on old fruit. It turns out that the colorful patches visible to the naked eye are the spores , or tiny particles that give mold its color. The rest of the mold its branches and roots are difficult to see and sometimes burrow deep within your food. Because the colorful spores on the surface of your food are just part of the mold, scraping or cutting this part off of your bread or bagel won't save you from eating a mouthful of fungus . "Most molds are harmless but some are dangerous," said Nadine Shaw, technical information specialist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, in a podcast.

Liqueur In the United States and Canada, where spirits are often called "liquor" (pronounced /ˈlɪkər/, with stress on the first rather than the second syllable), there is often confusion over liqueurs and liquors, especially as many spirits today are available in flavored form (e.g. flavored vodka). The most reliable rule of thumb is that liqueurs are quite sweet and often syrupy in consistency, while liquors are not. Most liqueurs have a lower alcohol content (15–30% ABV) than spirits, but some contain as much as 55% ABV.

What does writing fiction and being a doctor have in common? I have been asked a lot lately, owing to the release of my novel Altamont Augie, what writing fiction and being a doctor could possibly have in common? Patients and colleagues seem shocked that the rational, left-brain doctor they have come to know and depend on to deliver technologically complex medical care to patients with kidney failure could produce such a right-brain thing as a novel. Where did this come from? they ask. What does writing a novel have to do with giving medical care? This Is What Happens When You Place An Ice Cube At This Point On Your Head We all want to live longer, look younger, have more energy and lead a fuller life, right? How can it be done? Of course, eat right, be active, keep your mind sharp, and don’t do high-risk activities is one way. But it turns out, an ice cube and a few moments of your time helps too. At the base of your skull on the neck there is a point known as Feng Fu. It’s a pressure point found at the base of the skull just below the bottom ridge of the skull cap at the top of the neck.

Hallux Valgus History Patients can present initially in several ways; therefore, evaluation of the history is extremely important. A patient may present with a nonacute onset of deep or sharp pain in the first metatarsophalangeal joint during ambulation, with exacerbation during particular activities. This presentation indicates degeneration of the intra-articular cartilage. The patient may also describe aching pain in the metatarsal head secondary to shoe irritation that is relieved when the shoes are removed. 20 Things To Do When You're 30 That Will Make Life Better At 50 "If you could see me now, I'm down on my poor, crackling knees begging you to at least consider stopping smoking," writes Quora user Cyndi Perlman Fink. It’s expensive, smells gross, and is 100% guaranteed to cause health problems. Want to be cancer-free at 50? Stop smoking. "You can make a lot of money in 20s, 30s, 40s, 50s,...90s to buy the whole world when you are at age 50 or beyond," writes Quora user Sireesha Chilakamarri. "But, you cannot buy your health.

Cranial nerves Cranial nerves are nerves emerging directly from the brain, which is in contrast to spinal nerves (which emerge from various segments of the spinal cord).[1] Cranial nerves exchange information between the brain and parts of the body, primarily to and from regions of the head and neck.[2] Spinal nerves emerge regularly from the spinal cord with the nerve closest to the head emerging in the space above the first cervical vertebra with the nerve C1, with the cranial nerves filling corresponding roles above this level.[3] Each cranial nerve is paired and is present on both sides. Depending on definition there are in humans twelve or thirteen cranial nerves pairs, which are assigned Roman numerals I–XII, and zero assigned to cranial nerve zero, (or the terminal nerve). Their number is based on the order in which they emerge from the brain, front to back (brainstem).[1] Anatomy[edit]

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are most often a result of low-velocity, noncontact, deceleration injuries and contact injuries with a rotational component. Contact sports also may produce injury to the ACL secondary to twisting, valgus stress, or hyperextension all directly related to contact or collision. The MRI image below shows a rupture ACL: MRI displaying a ruptured anterior cruciate ligament. When matched for activities, a greater prevalence for ACL injury is found in females compared with males.

Why You Should Start More Than One Business There are two types of entrepreneurs: Those who start one company and those who start lots of companies. Those who start lots of companies like to describe themselves as “serial entrepreneurs,” which may or may not be slightly fatuous. Those who start just one company may think of themselves as “business owners” once the thrill of the entrepreneurial journey has ebbed. If you’ve started one company, you can do it again.

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Surgery About Medscape Reference Medscape's clinical reference is the most authoritative and accessible point-of-care medical reference for physicians and healthcare professionals, available online and via all major mobile devices. All content is free.