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British author

British author
George Orwell, pseudonym of Eric Arthur Blair (born June 25, 1903, Motihari, Bengal, India—died January 21, 1950, London, England), English novelist, essayist, and critic famous for his novels Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-four (1949), the latter a profound anti-utopian novel that examines the dangers of totalitarian rule. Born Eric Arthur Blair, Orwell never entirely abandoned his original name, but his first book, Down and Out in Paris and London, appeared in 1933 as the work of George Orwell (the surname he derived from the beautiful River Orwell in East Anglia). In time his nom de plume became so closely attached to him that few people but relatives knew his real name was Blair. The change in name corresponded to a profound shift in Orwell’s lifestyle, in which he changed from a pillar of the British imperial establishment into a literary and political rebel. Early life He was born in Bengal, into the class of sahibs. Against imperialism Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-four Related:  Animal Farm and Research Paper

George Orwell - Author, Journalist George Orwell was an English novelist, essayist, and critic most famous for his novels Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-four (1949). Synopsis Born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, Bengal, India, in 1903, George Orwell, novelist, essayist and critic, went on to become best known for his novels Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Early Life Born Eric Arthur Blair, George Orwell created some of the sharpest satirical fiction of the 20th century with such works as Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. He was a man of strong opinions who addressed some of the major political movements of his times, including imperialism, fascism and communism. The son of a British civil servant, George Orwell spent his first days in India, where his father was stationed. According to one biography, Orwell's first word was "beastly." Like many other boys in England, Orwell was sent to boarding school. After completing his schooling at Eton, Orwell found himself at a dead end. Early Career Personal Life

History - Historic Figures: George Orwell (1903 - 1950) George Orwell Biography - life, family, parents, name, story, wife, school, mother, book Born: June 25, 1903 Motihari, India Died: January 21, 1950 London, England English writer, novelist, and essayist The English novelist and essayist, George Orwell, is best known for his satirical (using wit or sarcasm to point out and devalue sin or silliness) novels Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-four. Early years George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, Bengal, India, to Richard and Ida Mabel Blair. He had an older sister and a younger sister. His father was a minor customs official in the Indian Civil Service. As a child, Orwell was shy and lacked self-confidence. Orwell then joined the Indian Imperial Police, receiving his training in Burma, where he served from 1922 to 1927. Establishment as a writer Shortly after making this decision Orwell stayed in Notting Hill, a poor section in London's East End, and in a working-class district of Paris, France. First novels Orwell's Down and Out was issued in 1933. Political commitments and essays George Orwell.

George Orwell - Author, Journalist George Orwell was an English novelist, essayist, and critic most famous for his novels Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-four (1949). Synopsis Born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, Bengal, India, in 1903, George Orwell, novelist, essayist and critic, went on to become best known for his novels Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Early Life Born Eric Arthur Blair, George Orwell created some of the sharpest satirical fiction of the 20th century with such works as Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. The son of a British civil servant, George Orwell spent his first days in India, where his father was stationed. According to one biography, Orwell's first word was "beastly." Like many other boys in England, Orwell was sent to boarding school. After completing his schooling at Eton, Orwell found himself at a dead end. Early Career After leaving the India Imperial Force, Orwell struggled to get his writing career off the ground. To support himself, Orwell took on all sorts of writing work.

Animal Farm - George Orwell- Author Biography Author Bio • Aka— Eric Arthur Blair• Birth— June 25, 1903 • Where—Motihari, Bihar, India • Death—January 21, 1950 • Where—London England• Education—Eton, U.K. Eric Arthur Blair (George Orwell) was born in 1903 in India, where his father worked for the Civil Service. The family moved to England in 1907 and in 1917 Orwell entered Eton, where he contributed regularly to the various college magazines. In 1936, he was commissioned by Victor Gollancz to visit areas of mass unemployment in Lancashire and Yorkshire, and The Road to Wigan Pier (1937) is a powerful description of the poverty he saw there. During the Second World War he served in the Home Guard and worked for the BBC Eastern Service from 1941 to 1943. George Orwell died in London in January 1950.

George Orwell Biography | List of Works, Study Guides & Essays George Orwell is the pen name of Eric Arthur Blair: essayist, novelist, literary critic, advocate and fighter for political change, and man of contradictions. Blair was born on June 25, 1903, in the Bengal region of Eastern India, which was a British territory. He was the son of Richard Walmesley Blair, a civil servant, and Ida Mabel Blair. Their only son was the middle child. Blair excelled academically there but faced many hardships in its puritanical, cutthroat environment. Blair’s academic prowess continued in secondary school at Eton, a renowned secondary school (more recently famous for Prince William's attendance there). Blair/Orwell thus became devoted to the problems of class and government power long before he wrote Animal Farm. Blair tried his luck in Paris briefly but found he could not make a living there as a writer. From 1934 on, Orwell thrust himself fully into the writer’s arena. In 1940, Orwell and his wife moved to central London, where he worked as a reviewer.

Christopher Hitchens on George Orwell’s Political Mind At various points in his essays—notably in “Why I Write” but also in his popular column “As I Please”—George Orwell gave us an account of what made him tick, as it were, and of what supplied the motive for his work. At different times he instanced what he called his “power of facing unpleasant facts”; his love for the natural world, “growing things,” and the annual replenishment of the seasons; and his desire to forward the cause of democratic socialism and oppose the menace of Fascism. Other strong impulses include his near-visceral feeling for the English language and his urge to defend it from the constant encroachments of propaganda and euphemism, and his reverence for objective truth, which he feared was being driven out of the world by the deliberate distortion and even obliteration of recent history. The diaries are not by any means a “straight” guide, or a trove of clues and cross-references. From this period also dates some of Orwell’s best and most mordant egalitarianism.

Animal Farm Power: Leadership and Corruption Quotes At last the day came when Snowball's plans were completed. At the Meeting on the following Sunday the question of whether or not to begin work on the windmill was to be put to the vote. When the animals had assembled in the big barn, Snowball stood up and, though occasionally interrupted by bleating from the sheep, set forth his reasons for advocating the building of the windmill. Then Napoleon stood up to reply. He said very quietly that the windmill was nonsense and that he advised nobody to vote for it, and promptly sat down again; he had spoken for barely thirty seconds, and seemed almost indifferent as to the effect he produced. At this Snowball sprang to his feet, and shouting down the sheep, who had begun bleating again, broke into a passionate appeal in favour of the windmill. Who needs to speak eloquently when you have a pack of attack dogs?

George Orwell George Orwell [pseudonym of Eric Arthur Blair] (1903-1950), journalist, political author and novelist wrote Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949); “It was one of those pictures which are so contrived that the eyes follow you about when you move. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption beneath it ran.” Originally titled Last Man in Europe it was renamed Nineteen Eighty-Four for unknown reasons, possibly a mere reversal of the last two digits of the year it was written. “First I spent five years in an unsuitable profession (the Indian Imperial Police, in Burma), and then I underwent poverty and the sense of failure. He goes on to say; “The Spanish war and other events in 1936-37 turned the scale and thereafter I knew where I stood. Education and Early Years 1903-1921 Eric Arthur Blair was born on 25 June 1903 in Motihari, Bengal (now Bihar) India, into a family of the “lower-upper middle class” as he wryly puts it in The Road to Wigan Pier (1933). Paris and London 1928-1936

George Orwell - Author, Journalist George Orwell was an English novelist, essayist, and critic most famous for his novels Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-four (1949). Synopsis Born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, Bengal, India, in 1903, George Orwell, novelist, essayist and critic, went on to become best known for his novels Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Early Life Born Eric Arthur Blair, George Orwell created some of the sharpest satirical fiction of the 20th century with such works as Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. The son of a British civil servant, George Orwell spent his first days in India, where his father was stationed. According to one biography, Orwell's first word was "beastly." Like many other boys in England, Orwell was sent to boarding school. After completing his schooling at Eton, Orwell found himself at a dead end. Early Career After leaving the India Imperial Force, Orwell struggled to get his writing career off the ground. To support himself, Orwell took on all sorts of writing work.

Animal Farm: Napoleon | Character Analysis While Jones' tyranny can be somewhat excused due to the fact that he is a dull-witted drunkard, Napoleon's can only be ascribed to his blatant lust for power. The very first description of Napoleon presents him as a "fierce-looking" boar "with a reputation for getting his own way." Throughout the novel, Napoleon's method of "getting his own way" involves a combination of propaganda and terror that none of the animals can resist. Note that as soon as the revolution is won, Napoleon's first action is to steal the cows' milk for the pigs. Clearly, the words of old Major inspired Napoleon not to fight against tyranny, but to seize the opportunity to establish himself as a dictator. Napoleon's greatest crime, however, is his complete transformation into Jones — although Napoleon is a much more harsh and stern master than the reader is led to believe Jones ever was.

George Orwell Timeline of Important Dates How It All Went Down Jun 25, 1903 George Orwell Born Eric Arthur Blair—later known as George Orwell—is born in Motihari, Bengal, a British colony in what is now India. His father, Richard Walmesley Blair, works in the Indian Civil Service overseeing opium exports to Asia. Young Orwell Moves to England The young Eric Blair travels to England with his mother, Ida Mabel Limouzin Blair, and his six-year-old sister Marjorie. Orwell Sister Born Avril Blair, the third and last of the Blair children, is born. May 1917 Scholarship to Eton Eric Blair enters Eton, the famous boys' prep school in England, as the recipient of a prestigious King's Scholarship. Dec 1921 Orwell Leaves Eton After a lackluster academic career, Eric Blair leaves Eton without a diploma. Jun 1922 Orwell in Burma Eric Blair passes the entrance exam of the Indian Imperial Police, the police force set up by the British to maintain law and order in their colonies. Jun 1927 Orwell Quits Indian Imperial Police Blair contracts dengue fever.

Related:  Animal Farm and Research Paper