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Fascism (/ˈfæʃɪzəm/) is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism,[1][2] characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and strong regimentation of society and of the economy,[3] which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.[4] The first fascist movements emerged in Italy during World War I before it spread to other European countries.[4] Opposed to liberalism, Marxism and anarchism, fascism is usually placed on the far-right within the traditional left–right spectrum.[5][6][7][4][8][9] Fascists saw World War I as a revolution that brought massive changes to the nature of war, society, the state and technology. The advent of total war and the total mass mobilization of society had broken down the distinction between civilians and combatants. Etymology Definitions John Lukacs, Hungarian-American historian and Holocaust survivor, argues that there is no such thing as generic fascism. Position in the political spectrum "Fascist" as a pejorative History

Inside Google Plus | Magazine The positive response to Google+ has been sweet vindication for Bradley Horowitz, Google's VP of products.Photo: Pamela Littky For all of Google’s successes, the company has an underwhelming track record when it comes to social networks. Time after time, its attempts have been met with shrugs or downright hostility. But Buzz was an embarrassing debacle. Now Google is back with Google+, a new and even more ambitious social service. Ever conscious of its past failings, the Googlers had braced for a skeptical reception when Google+ was introduced as a “field test” in June. The positive response was sweet vindication for Bradley Horowitz, Google’s vice president of products. Wired: What was the launch like? Horowitz: It’s a bit of a blur.

Constitution Set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation or other type of entity, and commonly determine how that entity is to be governed.[1] When these principles are written down into a single document or set of legal documents, those documents may be said to embody a written constitution; if they are written down in a single comprehensive document, it is said to embody a codified constitution. Some constitutions (such as that of the United Kingdom) are uncodified, but written in numerous fundamental Acts of a legislature, court cases or treaties.[2] Etymology General features Generally, every modern written constitution confers specific powers on an organization or institutional entity, established upon the primary condition that it abides by the constitution's limitations. Ancient See also

Cycling glove Cycling gloves are gloves designed for cycling. They fulfill many functions, including: warmth, comfort and protection. A white leather fingerless cycling glove on a man's hand Basic functionality[edit] Warmth[edit] In Qufu, Shandong, where winter weather is freezing, owners of electric bikes equip them with warm mittens/sleeves of sorts, attached to handlebars Gloves are frequently used to keep the hands warm, a function that is particularly necessary when cycling in cold weather. Comfort[edit] Cycling places a good deal of stress on the hands, in the form of prolonged pressure against handlebars and transmission of sudden road shocks through handlebars to the hands. However, excess padding can lead to other problems. Face and nose wiping[edit] Cyclists often deal with perspiration and nose running on a constant basis. Protection[edit] Putting a hand out to break a fall is a natural reaction. Types of gloves[edit] Fingerless cycling gloves, also known as track mitts. Buying gloves[edit]

Political system In political science, a political system defines the process for making official government decisions. It is usually compared to the legal system, economic system, cultural system, and other social systems. However, this is a very simplified view of a much more complex system of categories involving the questions of who should have authority and what the government influence on its people and economy should. Definition[edit] According to David Easton, "A political system can be designated as the interactions through which values are authoritatively allocated for a society".[1] Anthropological classification[edit] Anthropologists generally recognize four kinds of political systems, two of which are uncentralized and two of which are centralized.[2] Sociology[edit] The sociological interest in political systems is figuring out who holds power within the relationship of the government and its people and how the government’s power is used. See also[edit] Notes[edit] References[edit]

Why The Flu Virus Is More Infectious In Cold Winter Temperatures A finding by a team of scientists at the National Institutes of Health may account for why the flu virus is more infectious in cold winter temperatures than during the warmer months. At winter temperatures, the virus’s outer covering, or envelope, hardens to a rubbery gel that could shield the virus as it passes from person to person, the researchers have found. At warmer temperatures, however, the protective gel melts to a liquid phase. But this liquid phase apparently isn’t tough enough to protect the virus against the elements, and so the virus loses its ability to spread from person to person. “The study results open new avenues of research for thwarting winter flu outbreaks,” said National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Director Duane Alexander. Influenza viruses are usually spread from person to person through coughs and sneezes. Dr. “Like an M&M in your mouth, the protective covering melts when it enters the respiratory tract,” Dr. Similarly, Dr.

Political science Scientific study of politics A world map distinguishing countries of the world as federations (green) from unitary states (blue), a work of political science Political science is the scientific study of politics. Modern political science can generally be divided into the three subdisciplines of comparative politics, international relations, and political theory.[2] Other notable subdisciplines are public policy and administration, domestic politics and government, political economy, and political methodology.[3] Furthermore, political science is related to, and draws upon, the fields of economics, law, sociology, history, philosophy, human geography, political anthropology, and psychology. History[edit] Origin[edit] The journal Political Science Quarterly was established in 1886 by the Academy of Political Science. Behavioural revolution and new institutionalism[edit] 21st century[edit] Overview[edit] Country-specific studies[edit] Anticipating crises[edit] Subfields[edit] Cognate fields[edit]

Dopamine release in human brain tracked at microsecond timescale reveals decision-making Public release date: 28-Oct-2011 [ Print | E-mail Share ] [ Close Window ] Contact: Paula 540-526-2027Virginia Tech Roanoke, Va. – A research team led by investigators at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute has demonstrated the first rapid measurements of dopamine release in a human brain and provided preliminary evidence that the neurotransmitter can be tracked in its movement between brain cells while a subject expresses decision-making behavior. "In an experiment where we measured dopamine release while a subject made investment decisions in a stock market trading game, we showed that dopamine tracks changes in the value of the market," said Read Montague, director of the Human Neuroimaging Laboratory at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute and professor of physics in the College of Science at Virginia Tech. "This exciting preliminary result requires replication, but it immediately sets the imagination in motion," said Kishida.

Marxism Marxism is the name for a set of political and economic ideas. The core ideas are that the world is divided into classes, the workers and the richer capitalists who exploit the workers, there is a class conflict that should ultimately result in socialism (workers own means of production), and then communism (stateless, classless society). These ideas come from the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. People disagree a lot on how a Marxist society should be organized: "Marxist political economists differ over their definitions of capitalism, socialism and communism. What is it? The working class vs. the capitalist class[change | change source] Marxism says that people in the world are organized into different groups, or classes, based on what they do for work. Most people are called "workers" because they work in factories, offices, or farms for money. Another group, who are not as big as the working class, are "capitalists" (or "bourgeoisie"). Class struggle[change | change source]

Christmas comes early for Germany after 55-billion-euro accounting error | Germany | Deutsche Welle | 29.10.2011 The discovery of a whopping accounting error has made Germany instantly 55.5 billon euros ($78.5 billion) richer. The error was caused by a double booking at the state-owned bad bank, created to handle the toxic assets of bankrupt Hypo Real Estate bank, which was nationalized in 2009. Freeing up the cash means that German national debt, as a percentage of gross domestic product, dropped from 83.7 to 81.1 percent. The error was caused when accountants subtracted funds, instead of adding them. Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble said, however, that the causes of the error were still to be clarified, but that the government "welcomes any reduction in [Germany's] debt position." The opposition Social Democrats (SDP) lambasted the Finance Ministry for the oversight, seeking to send out a reminder that it was Schäuble who was ultimately "responsible for ensuring that the bad bank is properly managed and supervised." Author: Darren Mara (AFP, dpa)Editor: Nicole Goebel

The South End :: Deadmau5 drops beats at The Fillmore Deadmau5 (pronounced “dead mouse”) is without question one of the biggest names in electronic music, achieving popularity with the mainstream and respect among many hardcore members of the electronic music scene. Known for his signature mask and “1337 speak” nom de plume, Deadmau5 played two nights at the Fillmore for the Detroit leg of his North American Meowington’s Hax tour, named after his pet cat. I was there Friday night for the second show, this one exclusively 18 and up. After a mix of house, progressive and electro opening acts, the man himself began his two hour-long set just before 11 p.m. to the jubilation of the crowd, chanting his name over and over again. These cubes, along with countless spotlights and the huge LED screens behind him, presented a show that was equal parts audio and visual assault – but in the best way. Before long, however, Deadmau5 returned and the lights dimmed once again.

Unified Modeling Language The Unified Modeling Language (UML) is a general-purpose modeling language in the field of software engineering, which is designed to provide a standard way to visualize the design of a system.[1] It was created and developed by Grady Booch, Ivar Jacobson and James Rumbaugh at Rational Software during 1994–95 with further development led by them through 1996.[1] In 1997 it was adopted as a standard by the Object Management Group (OMG), and has been managed by this organization ever since. Overview[edit] A collage of UML diagrams The Unified Modeling Language (UML) offers a way to visualize a system's architectural blueprints in a diagram (see image), including elements such as:[3] Although originally intended solely for object-oriented design documentation, the Unified Modeling Language (UML) has been extended to cover a larger set of design documentation (as listed above),[4] and been found useful in many contexts.[5] History[edit] History of object-oriented methods and notation UML 1.x[edit]

Oracle Corporation Oracle Corporation is an American multinational computer technology corporation headquartered in Redwood City, California, United States. The company specializes in developing and marketing computer hardware systems and enterprise software products – particularly its own brands of database management systems. Oracle is the second-largest software maker by revenue, after Microsoft.[3] The company also builds tools for database development and systems of middle-tier software, enterprise resource planning (ERP) software, customer relationship management (CRM) software and supply chain management (SCM) software. Larry Ellison, a co-founder of Oracle, has served as Oracle's CEO throughout its history. History[edit] Oracle headquarters front view Ellison took inspiration[6] from the 1970 paper written by Edgar F. Overall timeline[edit] Oracle Linux - A free Linux distribution supported by Oracle since 2006. 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2000: OracleMobile subsidiary is founded. 2010s