How Mechanical Turkers Crowdsourced a Huge Lexicon of Links Between Words and Emotion One of the buzzphrases associated with the social web is sentiment analysis. This is the ability to determine a person’s opinion or state of mind by analysing the words they post on Twitter, Facebook or some other medium. Much has been promised with this method—the ability to measure satisfaction with politicians, movies and products; the ability to better manage customer relations; the ability to create dialogue for emotion-aware games; the ability to measure the flow of emotion in novels; and so on. The idea is to entirely automate this process—to analyse the firehose of words produced by social websites using advanced data mining techniques to gauge sentiment on a vast scale. But all this depends on how well we understand the emotion and polarity (whether negative or positive) that people associate with each word or combinations of words. One way to do this is to use a small group of experts to associate emotions with a set of words.
Guest Post: The psychology of anthropomorphism, or why I felt empathy towards a piece of trash In early January, the sidewalks in my neighborhood are lined with discarded Christmas trees. It’s the collective holiday hangover trash, and quite frankly it makes me sad; the trees mark the moment of winter where all that is left are several cheerless months of cold and drudgery. My dog, however, goes apeshit over them. He loves to sniff them. He loves to pee on them. And, a couple of weeks ago, his Christmas tree habit led me to some unexpected psychological self-analysis. On an early walk, as my dog lifted his leg on the eighth tree of the morning, I saw a tiny ornament clinging to its lowest branches. My first thought: “Oh, no no no. My second thought: “I will save you.” My next thought: “What the hell was that?” When I got home, I did what any procrastinating science writer with a pile of deadlines would do: I put everything aside to try to figure out why I felt empathy for a piece of trash. The second is the motivation to understand the behavior of something by making it familiar.
Extraversion et introversion : base biologique et pression sociale Les termes "extraversion" et "introversion" (et les adjectifs correspondants, "extraverti" et "introverti") sont passés dans le langage courant depuis que Carl Gustav Jung les a utilisés dans son ouvrage Les types psychologiques, paru en 1921. Il les y définissait comme deux attitudes, ou orientations de l'énergie, opposées. Ces deux façons d'être au monde sont inégalement réparties dans la population, du moins en Occident, puisqu'entre deux tiers et trois quarts des individus y sont extravertis, les autres étant introvertis. Définitions L'individu extraverti est tourné vers le monde extérieur, l'introverti vers son monde intérieur. Une base neurobiologique ? Pour un individu, la préférence pour l'une ou l'autre des deux attitudes pourrait avoir une base neurobiologique. Quand la pression sociale nous demande d'être extravertis. Les qualités des introvertis Les introvertis n'ont pourtant pas à rougir de leur mode de fonctionnement. Alors, introverti ou extraverti ? Pour aller plus loin :
The Air Force Collaboratory Depressive realism Evidence for Evidence against When asked to rate both their performance and the performance of another, non-depressed individuals demonstrated positive bias when rating themselves but no bias when rating others. Criticism of the evidence Some have argued that the evidence is not more conclusive because there is no standard for "reality," the diagnoses are dubious, and the results may not apply to the real world. Because many studies rely on self-report of depressive symptoms, the diagnosis of depression in these studies may not be valid as self-reports are known to often be biased, necessitating the use of other objective measures. Due to most of these studies using designs that do not necessarily approximate real-world phenomena, the external validity of the depressive realism hypothesis is unclear. See also References Jump up ^ Alloy,L.B., Abramson,L.Y. (1988). Further reading Rachel Adelson (April 2005).
Quizz personnalité introverti extraverti Petite introduction sur ce quizz personnalité : Ce test vous aidera à définir votre positionnement sur le continuum introversion – extraversion. Comme pour tout test, les résultats sont à prendre avec des pincettes : ils correspondent à une vision de vous-même à un moment donné. Cette vision est probablement assez proche de la réalité, mais il est important de garder cela à l’esprit. Les résultats d’un test de personnalité vous placent dans une case. Ceci étant dit, c’est parti ! Instructions du quizz personnalité : Pour chaque question, il vous est proposé une échelle de 0 à 10, allant de 0 (très extraverti) à 10 (très introverti). > Si vous êtes tout à fait d’accord avec la phrase correspondant à 0, alors notez 0. > De même, si la phrase correspondant à 10 vous convient tout à fait, notez 10. > Les notes intermédiaires vous permettent de vous placer quelque part entre les deux, sur le continuum introversion – extraversion. Maintenant, c’est à vous ! Remarque :
10 Things We Learned from the GOOD Exchange Fellowship | Los Angeles on GOOD Last week, we brought together five incredible individuals from around the world to participate in our first-ever fellowship program, the GOOD Exchange. Without being certain what exactly would transpire, we had a hunch that these change-makers’ interaction with one another and local like-minded organizations would yield some remarkable outcomes. Having been present for nearly all of the workshops, activities and brainstorming sessions, I was blown away not only by the engagement and enthusiasm of each participating fellow and organization, but also by the depth of conversation and the meaningful exchange of ideas that lasted through the final Friday event. 1. In order to best work with communities and implement great things, it's vital that we completely engage with the local communities to understand what they really need. 2. There is a strong desire among many of us to do this, but often we are not given the opportunity to be heard. 3. 4. Poverty exists everywhere. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Front Desk All Types New This Month Advanced Mobile Systems Initiative April 2014 - Brochure This brochure describes how the AMS initiative supports the mobile communication and mobile-computing needs of edge users. Towards Quantitative Metrics for Architecture Models April 2014 - Presentation This presentation was part of the First International Workshop on Software Architecture Metrics, held at the 11th Working IEEE/IFIP Conference on Software Architecture. March 2014 Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) Cybersecurity Risk Management Strategy for Alert Originators March 2014 - Special Report This report describes a four-stage cybersecurity risk management (CSRM) strategy that alert originators can use throughout WEA adoption, operations, and sustainment, as well as a set of governance activities for developing a plan to execute the CSRM. More February 2014 January 2014 Less Featured Downloads in March Connect with Us
Etes-vous introverti ou extraverti ? Bienvenue dans le monde des introvertis ! Si vous êtes nouveau ici, je vous propose une visite guidée par emails, pour être heureux(se) et fier(e) d'être introverti(e) ! Cliquez ici pour en savoir plus Depuis que j’ai découvert le thème de l’introversion et décidé de commencer ce blog, je parle beaucoup du caractère introverti autour de moi. La différence entre introverti et extraverti ? « L’introversion est au départ une forme de tempérament. Tout commence avec Carl Gustav Jung. L’introversion est selon lui un trait de caractère où l’énergie circule vers l’intérieur (la pensée et les sentiments), et l’extraversion vers l’extérieur (les personnes, les faits, les objets). Etre introverti n’est donc pas une tare ! Avouez que c’est puissant ! Pendant très longtemps je n’avais pas pris conscience de cela, et il m’arrivait de m’imposer de longues périodes de vie très active, en permanence entouré de gens, confronté à de nouvelles rencontres, à des présentations en public.
A win-Winco situation: Grocery chain treats employees well and has low prices There are eight WinCo grocery stores within 100 miles of where I live. So how had I not heard about the Boise, Idaho-based chain until now? Next time I find myself in need of groceries in Kent, Wash., I’ll be sure to swing by the chain that’s making headlines as “Walmart’s worst nightmare.” Why should Walmart be wary of this company that’s virtually unknown to shoppers outside the seven states in which it operates (and apparently to some inside those states as well)? How does WinCo do it? WinCo saves a lot by maintaining low overheard. Unlike Costco, which also has a reputation for low prices, no-frills décor, and an investment in employee satisfaction, Winco doesn’t require a membership fee, making it even more accessible to budget shoppers. New York retail analyst Burt Flickinger III, a grocery-market specialist, uses WinCo as an example in talks with university students, calling the regional chain “arguably … the best retailer in the western U.S.”
List of thought processes Nature of thought Thought (or thinking) can be described as all of the following: An activity taking place in a: brain – organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals (only a few invertebrates such as sponges, jellyfish, adult sea squirts and starfish do not have a brain). It is the physical structure associated with the mind. mind – abstract entity with the cognitive faculties of consciousness, perception, thinking, judgement, and memory. Having a mind is a characteristic of humans, but which also may apply to other life forms. Activities taking place in a mind are called mental processes or cognitive functions.computer (see automated reasoning, below) – general purpose device that can be programmed to carry out a set of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Types of thoughts Content of thoughts Types of thought (thinking) Listed below are types of thought, also known as thinking processes. Lists
Eysenck: Personality is genetically determined Psykotisme is a scale that goes from a social well-adapted personality toward a personality prone to psychosis, with psychopathy as a halfway stage. Examples of such psychotic tendencies are irresponsibility and recklessness, the downgrading of common sense and inappropriate emotional expressions. Some have found that people with a high score on psychoticism also often have a hostile attitude to cultural norms and authorities, they may seem immature and somewhat insensitive and score as well on other hostility scales. High scores on psychoticism scales are characteristic for patients in psychiatric hospitals and for criminals. Eysenck is known for his theory that high scores on psychoticism is a precondition for creativity, where he again stresses that it does not mean that creative people are also psychopaths or have developed psychotic disorders, they only have greater risk of developing such diseases. Self Portrait by Vincent van Gogh with a bandage on his cut ear.
68% of CEOs still aren’t on any social networks whatsoever - Quartz When Warren Buffett burst onto the Twitter scene back in May, the social-media world went berserk. In less than 30 minutes, Buffett amassed over 30,000 followers; and despite having tweeted only twice since, he already has more than half a million. But Buffett’s willingness to interact with social media is a far cry from the CEO norm. Of the 500 leaders of the biggest companies in the US, only 28 have a Twitter account, and only 19 of them actually use it, according to a report released today by Domo and CEO.com. And the social media shyness among CEOs isn’t restricted to Twitter. DOMO/CEO.com The only platform the big bosses seem comfortable using today is LinkedIn. Why more CEOs haven’t warmed up to social media is a bit of a mystery, considering the audience it can give them.