background preloader

Howard Zinn

Howard Zinn
Life and career[edit] Early life[edit] Zinn was born to a Jewish immigrant family in Brooklyn. His father, Eddie Zinn, born in Austria-Hungary, emigrated to the U.S. with his brother Samuel before the outbreak of World War I. World War II[edit] On a post-doctoral research mission nine years later, Zinn visited the resort near Bordeaux where he interviewed residents, reviewed municipal documents, and read wartime newspaper clippings at the local library. Zinn wrote: I recalled flying on that mission, too, as deputy lead bombardier, and that we did not aim specifically at the 'Skoda works' (which I would have noted, because it was the one target in Czechoslovakia I had read about) but dropped our bombs, without much precision, on the city of Pilsen. Six years later, he wrote: Recall that in the midst of the Gulf War, the U.S. military bombed an air raid shelter, killing 400 to 500 men, women, and children who were huddled to escape bombs. Education[edit] Academic career[edit] Related:  War & Peace

Noam Chomsky Avram Noam Chomsky (/ˈnoʊm ˈtʃɒmski/; born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher,[21][22] cognitive scientist, logician,[23][24][25] political commentator and anarcho-syndicalist activist. Sometimes described as the "father of modern linguistics",[26][27] Chomsky is also a major figure in analytic philosophy.[21] He has spent most of his career at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he is currently Professor Emeritus, and has authored over 100 books. He has been described as a prominent cultural figure, and was voted the "world's top public intellectual" in a 2005 poll.[28] Born to a middle-class Ashkenazi Jewish family in Philadelphia, Chomsky developed an early interest in anarchism from relatives in New York City. Chomsky has been a highly influential academic figure throughout his career, and was cited within the field of Arts and Humanities more often than any other living scholar between 1980 and 1992. Early life Childhood: 1928–45

Howard Zinn (1922-2010). Retour sur l’autobiographie d’un historien et militant Post-scriptum : « Bibliographie en langue française » L’autobiographie de Howard Zinn livre la trame individuelle d’une conception du métier d’historien soucieuse de remettre le plus grand nombre, avec son quotidien et ses idéaux, à sa place d’acteur principal de l’histoire. Mais cette autobiographie est avant tout une formidable leçon d’enthousiasme et d’optimisme sans illusions. Il est vrai que les deux principales luttes dans lesquelles Howard Zinn s’est engagé, pour l’égalité raciale et contre la guerre du Vietnam, aboutirent à de grandes victoires ; luttes dont il montre qu’elles ont commencé sous l’impulsion d’une poignée de militants pour mobiliser finalement des millions de personnes. Et son métier fournit à Howard Zinn comme un antidote au flot d’images et d’articles déversé quotidiennement, qui nous maintient à la surface désespérante du présent, quand il faudrait au contraire garder en mémoire les surprises que l’histoire nous a toujours réservées. La Mentalité américaine.

Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (pronounced [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi] ( ); 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahatma (Sanskrit: "high-souled", "venerable"[2])—applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa,[3]—is now used worldwide. He is also called Bapu (Gujarati: endearment for "father",[4] "papa"[4][5]) in India. Gandhi famously led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942. Gandhi is commonly, though not officially,[10] considered the Father of the Nation[11] in India. Early life and background Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in his earliest known photo, aged 7, c. 1876 English barrister Civil rights movement in South Africa (1893–1914)

Rogue State Official website of the author, historian, and U.S. foreign policy critic. A Guide to the World’s Only Superpower If you believed that the NATO (read U.S.) bombing of Yugoslavia for 78 days and nights in 1999 was a “humanitarian” act, Rogue State hopefully can serve as a wake-up call to both your intellect and your conscience. It is a mini-encyclopedia of the numerous un-humanitarian acts perpetrated by the United States since the end of the Second World War. “Rogue State forcibly reminds us of Vice President Agnew’s immortal line: ‘The United States, for all its faults, is still the greatest nation in the country’.” – Gore Vidal, author, The Decline and Fall of the American Empire “Critics will call this a one-sided book. But it is an invaluable corrective to the establishment portrait of America as the world’s greatest force for peace. Table of Contents Introduction Ours and theirs: Washington’s love/hate relationship with terrorists and human-rights violators 1. Purchase Rogue State

Noam Chomsky [2010] En mémoire d’Howard Zinn (1922-2010) Resist Newsletter, février 2010 L’historien & militant américain Howard Zinn (“Une histoire populaire des Etats-Unis”, éd. Agone) est mort le 27 janvier 2010. Son cœur l’a lâché après une réunion publique, alors qu’il se rendait à une manifestation. Il avait 87 ans et continuait de parcourir les Etats-Unis pour battre en brèche l’histoire officielle et donner une version du point de vue des oubliés habituels des livres d’histoire. Il m’est difficile d’écrire ces quelques mots sur Howard Zinn, le grand activiste et historien américain s’étant éteint il y a quelques jours. Ce sont ses propres mots qui résument le mieux l’œuvre et la vie remarquables d’Howard. Lorsqu’il a enseigné à Spellman, Howard a soutenu les étudiants à la pointe du mouvement des droits civiques, alors dans ses premiers et plus dangereux jours. Après avoir été exclu de l’université d’Atlanta où il enseignait, Howard est venu à Boston, où s’est déroulée le reste de sa carrière académique. Traduit pour Article11.info

List of anti-war organizations List of anti-war organizations From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search In order to facilitate organized, determined, and principled opposition to war, peace-centered activists have often founded anti-war organizations. Contents [hide] Society of Peace[edit] Origins International[edit] Africa[edit] Asia[edit] Europe[edit] North America[edit] United States[edit] Canada[edit] Oceania[edit] Religious[edit] Christian[edit] Buddhist[edit] Buddhist Peace Fellowship See also[edit] Retrieved from " Categories: Navigation menu Personal tools Namespaces Variants Views Actions Navigation Interaction Tools Print/export Languages Edit links This page was last modified on 25 May 2014 at 00:38.

Thích Quảng Đức Thích is a Buddhist honorary title and Quảng Đức is descriptive of meritorious attributes: see dharma name. Thích Quảng Đức[1] (1897 – 11 June 1963, born Lâm Văn Túc), was a Vietnamese Mahayana Buddhist monk who burned himself to death at a busy Saigon road intersection on 11 June 1963.[2] Quang Duc was protesting the persecution of Buddhists by the South Vietnamese government led by Ngô Đình Diệm. Photographs of his self-immolation were circulated widely across the world and brought attention to the policies of the Diệm government. John F. Kennedy said in reference to a photograph of Duc on fire, "No news picture in history has generated so much emotion around the world as that one. Quang Duc's act increased international pressure on Diệm and led him to announce reforms with the intention of mollifying the Buddhists. Biography[edit] Accounts of the life of Quảng Đức are derived from information disseminated by Buddhist organizations. Religious background[edit] Self-immolation[edit] [edit]

L’ultime trahison, par Howard Zinn (Le Monde diplomatique, avril 2004) Tuer et se faire tuer, ou les sacrifiés des guerres américaines Un an après le déclenchement de la guerre d’Irak par les forces anglo-américaines, les incantations démocratiques et héroïques parsèment les discours du président des Etats-Unis, déterminé à user du registre patriotique pour faciliter sa réélection, le 2 novembre prochain. La révélation des mensonges de guerre et le nombre croissant des pertes américaines rendent sa tâche plus difficile. D’autant qu’un autre élément contribue à l’impopularité des jusqu’au-boutistes néoconservateurs : le contraste entre leurs propos martiaux d’aujourd’hui et l’entregent que la plupart de ces fils de bonne famille déployèrent il y a plus de trente ans pour se soustraire aux opérations militaires au Vietnam. D’origine populaire, la plupart des soldats américains en Irak n’ont pas eu cette chance… par Howard Zinn, avril 2004 Aperçu Ce jeune homme de 24 ans, sergent dans les Army Rangers, s’appelle Jeremy Feldbusch. Vous êtes abonné(e) ?

Category:Peace organizations From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Peace organizations are part of the Peace movement. See also Category:Anti-nuclear weapons movement for organizations which focus on opposition to nuclear weapons and/or nuclear testing. International Society for Peace Subcategories This category has the following 13 subcategories, out of 13 total. Pages in category "Peace organizations" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 292 total. (previous 200) (next 200)(previous 200) (next 200) Countdown to Zero Official Film Site « Un pouvoir que nul ne peut réprimer », par Howard Zinn (Le Monde diplomatique, janvier 2004) A la fin des années 1970, quand j’ai décidé de me lancer dans ce projet [écrire Une histoire populaire des Etats-Unis], j’enseignais l’histoire depuis vingt ans. Professeur au Spellman College, université de filles noires à Atlanta, j’avais d’abord participé au mouvement des droits civiques dans le sud des Etats-Unis. Puis vinrent dix années de lutte contre la guerre du Vietnam. En matière de « neutralité », ces expériences apportent peu à un historien, qu’il soit enseignant ou écrivain. Mon sens critique avait toutefois été aiguisé bien auparavant par mon éducation au sein d’une famille d’immigrés de la classe ouvrière de New York, puis par trois années de travail dans un chantier naval, puis, pendant la seconde guerre mondiale, par mon expérience à bord d’un bombardier de l’armée de l’air qui décollait d’Angleterre pour lâcher des bombes en Europe, y compris sur la côte atlantique de la France. Taille de l’article complet : 2 402 mots. Vous êtes abonné(e) ? Vous n'êtes pas abonné(e) ?

War "Conflict zone" redirects here. For the 2001 video game, see Conflict Zone. The War by Tadeusz Cyprian (1949), a photograph in the collection of the National Museum in Warsaw showing ruins of Warsaw's Napoleon Square in the aftermath of World War II. War is a state of armed conflict between societies. It is generally characterized by extreme collective aggression, destruction, and usually high mortality. While some scholars see war as a universal and ancestral aspect of human nature,[1] others argue that it is only a result of specific socio-cultural or ecological circumstances.[2] Etymology The English word war derives from the late Old English (circa.1050) words wyrre and werre, from Old French werre (also guerre as in modern French), in turn from the Frankish *werra, ultimately deriving from the Proto-Germanic *werzō 'mixture, confusion'. Types Main article: Types of war Behaviour and conduct The behaviour of troops in warfare varies considerably, both individually and as units or armies.

Related: