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Psychopharmacology

Psychopharmacology
An arrangement of psychoactive drugs The field of psychopharmacology studies a wide range of substances with various types of psychoactive properties, focusing primarily on the chemical interactions with the brain. Psychoactive drugs interact with particular target sites or receptors found in the nervous system to induce widespread changes in physiological or psychological functions. The specific interaction between drugs and their receptors is referred to as "drug action", and the widespread changes in physiological or psychological function is referred to as "drug effect". These drugs may originate from natural sources such as plants and animals, or from artificial sources such as chemical synthesis in the laboratory. Historical overview[edit] Early psychopharmacology[edit] The common muscimol-bearing mushroom Amanita muscaria, also known as the "Fly Agaric" Modern psychopharmacology[edit] Chemical signaling[edit] Neurotransmitters[edit] Hormones[edit] Psychopharmacological substances[edit]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychopharmacology

Related:  PsychopharmacologyPsychology branches and sub-fieldsApplied psychologyPsychedelics

Alexander Shulgin Alexander "Sasha" Theodore Shulgin[2] (born June 17, 1925) is an American medicinal chemist, biochemist, pharmacologist, psychopharmacologist, and author. Shulgin is credited with introducing MDMA ("ecstasy") to psychologists in the late 1970s for psychopharmaceutical use. He discovered, synthesized, and personally bioassayed over 230 psychoactive compounds, and evaluated them for their psychedelic and/or entactogenic potential. Due in part to Shulgin's extensive work in the field of psychedelic research and the rational drug design of psychedelic drugs, he has since been dubbed the "godfather of psychedelics".[3] Life and career[edit] Shulgin was born in Berkeley, California to Theodore Stevens Shulgin (1893–1978)[4] and Henrietta D.

Psychology of self The psychology of self is the study of either the cognitive, conative or affective representation of one's identity or the subject of experience. The earliest formulation of the self in modern psychology derived from the distinction between the self as I, the subjective knower, and the self as Me, the object that is known.[1] Current views of the self in psychology position the self as playing an integral part in human motivation, cognition, affect, and social identity.[2] It may be the case that we can now usefully attempt to ground experience of self in a neural process with cognitive consequences, which will give us insight into the elements of which the complex multiply situated selves of modern identity are composed. Kohut's formulation[edit]

School psychology School psychology is a field that applies principles of clinical psychology, educational psychology and developmental psychology to the diagnosis and treatment of children's and adolescents' behavioral and learning problems, to teachers, politicians and other responsible persons in the institutionalized education systems with pedagogic, didactic or systemic-organizational problems, sometimes also integrating parents of school children to find common solutions. School psychologists are educated in psychology, child and adolescent development, child and adolescent psychopathology, education, family and parenting practices, learning theories, and personality theories. They are knowledgeable about effective instruction and effective schools. They are trained to carry out psychological testing and psychoeducational assessment, counseling, and consultation, and in the ethical, legal and administrative codes of their profession. Historical foundations[edit] Lightner Witmer[edit]

Mimosa (Jurema) Vault : DMT for the Masses NOTE: Before performing any extraction procedure, it is always a good idea to read the entire description of the process from start to finish. Please see the Addendum at the end of this tek for additional tips, refinements, and clarifications regarding to the processes described. Also see the related article Keep that Mimosa Mud? St John's wort Botanical description[edit] Translucent dots on the leaves St John's wort is a perennial plant with extensive, creeping rhizomes. Its stems are erect, branched in the upper section, and can grow to 1 m high. It has opposing, stalkless, narrow, oblong leaves that are 12 mm long or slightly larger. The leaves are yellow-green in color, with transparent dots throughout the tissue and occasionally with a few black dots on the lower surface.[1] Leaves exhibit obvious translucent dots when held up to the light, giving them a ‘perforated’ appearance, hence the plant's Latin name.

Psychology of science The psychology of science is a branch of the studies of science that includes philosophy of science, history of science, and sociology of science or sociology of scientific knowledge. The psychology of science is defined most simply as the scientific study of scientific thought or behavior. Some key figures currently in the psychology of science are William Brewer, Kevin Dunbar, Gregory Feist, Michael Gorman[disambiguation needed], David Klahr, Barbara Kosloswki, Deanna Kuhn, Sofia Liberman, Dean Keith Simonton, Will Shadish, Frank Sulloway, Paul Thagard, Ryan Tweney, Ron Westrum, and Wendy Parker. The psychology of science applies methods and theory from psychology to the analysis of scientific thought and behavior, each of which is defined both narrowly and broadly. Narrowly defined, "science" refers to thought and behavior of professional scientists and technologists.

Psychoneuroimmunology Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) is the study of the interaction between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the human body.[1] PNI takes an interdisciplinary approach, incorporating psychology, neuroscience, immunology, physiology, genetics, pharmacology, molecular biology, psychiatry, behavioral medicine, infectious diseases, endocrinology, and rheumatology. The main interests of PNI are the interactions between the nervous and immune systems and the relationships between mental processes and health. PNI studies, among other things, the physiological functioning of the neuroimmune system in health and disease; disorders of the neuroimmune system (autoimmune diseases; hypersensitivities; immune deficiency); and the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the neuroimmune system in vitro, in situ, and in vivo. PNI may also be referred to as psychoendoneuroimmunology (PENI).

Rick Strassman Clinical research in Psychoactives[edit] Strassman's studies aimed to investigate the effects of N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), a powerful entheogen, or psychedelic, that he hypothesizes is produced by the human brain in the pineal gland. DMT is found naturally in various natural sources, and is related to human neurotransmitters such as serotonin and melatonin. There is speculation involving the role DMT may play in the dream state. Upon entering the REM stage of sleep, minute amounts of DMT are most likely released into the bloodstream after one has fallen asleep. Strassman refers to DMT as the "god molecule" or "spirit molecule" due to many users claiming of contacting non-human or god-like beings under the alkaloid's influence.

The Mush Room the-mush-room.co.uk is a one stop shop for mushroom enthusiasts and ethnobotanical plant lovers. Ethnobotany (from "ethnology" - study of culture and "botany" - study of plants) is the scientific study of the relationships that exist between people and plants. We stock active mushroom spores and edible and novelty live cultures.

Psychology of religion Psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to religious traditions, as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals. The science attempts to accurately describe the details, origins, and uses of religious beliefs and behaviors. Although the psychology of religion first arose as a self-conscious discipline as recently as the late 19th century, all three of these tasks have a history going back many centuries before that.[1] Many areas of religion remain unexplored by psychology. While religion and spirituality play a role in many people’s lives, it is uncertain how they lead to outcomes that are at times positive, and at other times negative. Thus, the pathways and outcomes that underlie these associations (and sometimes causations) need additional research.

Sport psychology Sport psychology is an interdisciplinary science that draws on knowledge from the fields of kinesiology and psychology. It involves the study of how psychological factors affect performance and how participation in sport and exercise affect psychological and physical factors.[1] In addition to instruction and training of psychological skills for performance improvement, applied sport psychology may include work with athletes, coaches, and parents regarding injury, rehabilitation, communication, team building, and career transitions. History[edit] Early history[edit] DMT For The Masses - Extraction Tek Questions [Archive] As to solvents, like I said, Shellie gives a purer product (light yellow) and nice crystals if evaporated slowly. But toluene, which gives a darker product, is far superior in effect. I would use Acacia obtusifolia bark cos it gives a high yield of 3-4g per kilo of bark.

Scopolamine: Powerful drug growing in the forests of Colombia that ELIMINATES free will Scopolamine often blown into faces of victims or added to drinksWithin minutes, victims are like 'zombies' - coherent, but with no free willSome victims report emptying bank accounts to robbers or helping them pillage own houseDrug is made from borrachero tree, which is common in Colombia By Beth Stebner Published: 22:44 GMT, 12 May 2012 | Updated: 13:43 GMT, 13 May 2012 A hazardous drug that eliminates free will and can wipe the memory of its victims is currently being dealt on the streets of Colombia. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by the American Psychological Association on behalf of Division 10. The journal covers research on the psychology of the production and appreciation of the arts and all aspects of creative endeavor.[1] The current editors-in-chief are Roni Reiter-Palmon (University of Nebraska at Omaha) and Pablo Tinio (Queens College, City University of New York). The founding co-editors of the journal were Jeffrey Smith, Lisa Smith, and James C. Kaufman. Abstracting and indexing[edit] The journal is abstracted and indexed in the Social Science Citation Index.

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