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Operation Gladio

Operation Gladio
Emblem of "Gladio", Italian branch of the NATO "stay-behind" paramilitary organizations. The motto, "Silendo Libertatem Servo", means "In being silent, I save freedom". Operation Gladio (Italian: Operazione Gladio) is the codename for a clandestine North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) "stay-behind" operation in Italy during the Cold War. Its purpose was to continue armed resistance in the event of a Warsaw Pact invasion and conquest. Although Gladio specifically refers to the Italian branch of the NATO stay-behind organizations, "Operation Gladio" is used as an informal name for all of them. The name Gladio is the Italian form of gladius, a type of Roman shortsword. Gladio was part of a series of national operations first coordinated by the Clandestine Committee of the Western Union (CCWU), founded in 1948. General stay-behind structure[edit] Historian Daniele Ganser alleges that:[3] The Central Intelligence Agency responded to the series of accusations made by Mr. Belgium[edit] Related:  FAUSSES BANNIERES DANS L'HISTOIRE MODERNE - IHistory

NATO’s secret armies linked to terrorism? At a time when experts are debating whether NATO is suited to deal with the global “war on terror”, new research suggests that the alliance’s own secret history has links to terrorism.ISN Editor’s Note:This report written by Daniele Ganser is based on excerpts from his newly released book, “NATO’s Secret Armies. Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe”, released this week by Frank Cass in London.The book describes NATO’s clandestine operations during the Cold War. The research was prompted by a story that made world headlines in 1990 but quickly disappeared, ensuring that even today, NATO’s secret armies remain just that - secret.Until now, a full investigation of NATO’s secret armies had not been carried out - a task that Ganser has taken on single-handedly and quite successfully.In Italy, on 3 August 1990, then-prime minister Giulio Andreotti confirmed the existence of a secret army code-named “Gladio” - the Latin word for “sword” - within the state.

September 11 attacks The September 11 attacks (also referred to as September 11, September 11th, or 9/11)[nb 1] were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks launched by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda upon the United States in New York City and the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area on Tuesday, September 11, 2001. Four passenger airliners were hijacked by 19 al-Qaeda terrorists so they could be flown into buildings in suicide attacks. Two of those planes, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, were crashed into the North and South towers, respectively, of the World Trade Center complex in New York City. The destruction of the Twin Towers and other properties caused serious damage to the economy of Lower Manhattan and had a significant effect on global markets, closing Wall Street until September 17 and the civilian airspace in the U.S. and Canada until September 13. Background Attackers al-Qaeda Osama bin Laden 1997 picture of Osama bin Laden Khalid Sheikh Mohammed Motives Attacks

Operation Northwoods Operation Northwoods memorandum (13 March 1962)[1] Operation Northwoods was a series of false flag proposals that originated within the Department of Defense (DoD) and the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) of the United States government in 1962. The proposals, which called for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), or other operatives, to commit acts of terrorism in US cities and elsewhere, were rejected by the Kennedy administration.[2] At the time of the proposal, Cuba had recently become communist under Fidel Castro. The desired resultant from the execution of this plan would be to place the United States in the apparent position of suffering defensible grievances from a rash and irresponsible government of Cuba and to develop an international image of a Cuban threat to peace in the Western Hemisphere. Several other proposals were included within Operation Northwoods, including real or simulated actions against various US military and civilian targets. Origins and public release[edit] [edit]

How Chuko Liang Used A Lute To Single-Handedly Defeat An Army Of 150,000 – Subverse During China’s Three Kingdoms period there was a brilliant general and master strategist of Shu Han named Chuko “Sleeping Dragon” Liang. During the War of the Three Kingdoms, he had sent a majority of his soldiers many miles away before he was alerted that an opposing army of 150,000 was headed towards the small town they were in. With no more than 100 soldiers left to defend him, he came up with a plan that required both luck and his reputation to pull off. He ordered his men to remove their flags, open all the gates, and hide. He then took a seat upon the towns city wall with nothing more than the robe he was wearing and a lute. Chuko Liang was a strong believer in the Confucian ethics of Hsun Tzu, the military philosopher. Chuko “Zhuge” Liang as pictured in the Sancai Tuhui (1609) One of the most important morals of this story is that a bluff should only be used in the most dire and extreme circumstances.

What I learned from life in a combat zone There was some discussion in my unit at drill this weekend about pulling together the "lessons learned" from our recent deployment. The idea is that we'd make a list of things we wished we had known before we went to help out the next time we or somebody else gets deployed. Its a good idea, and there are some things I would have done differently if I knew then what I know now (driving around in a HMMWV? - always have a 15mm wrench with you!), but I have to admit that I really didn't learn all that much that I didn't know before. I did figure out that some things that I'd been taught in the military before I went really are important (and some other things, of course, aren't.) In one way and another, I mostly learned that my Scoutmaster was right - Be Prepared: "Take care of your equipment and your equipment will take care of you." With that said, equipment always fails, and it never fails at a convenient time. "Two is one and one is none." "Have a plan. "Rehearse, rehearse, rehearse."

Parallel History Project on NATO and the Warsaw Pact Chapter One: A terrorist attack in Italy This chapter describes the discovery of the secret stay-behind army “Gladio” in Italy. The chapter takes the reader back to the Peteano terrorist attack of 31 May 1972. Chapter Two: A scandal shocks Western Europe This chapter describes how the democracies in Western Europe in 1990 dealt with the discovery of the secret stay-behind armies in their respective countries. Chapter Three: The silence of NATO, CIA and MI6 This chapter describes the reactions of NATO, the CIA and MI6 to the discovery of the secret stay-behind armies. The chapter also records how the foreign secret service of the United States, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), has somewhat inconsistently both commented and refused to comment on its stay-behind armies in Western Europe. Chapter Four: The secret war in the United Kingdom Chapter Five: The secret war in the United States Chapter Six: The secret war in Italy Chapter Seven: The secret war in France Conclusion

Operation Gladio B Operation Gladio B was an FBI codename adopted in 1997 for relations between US intelligence, the Pentagon, and Al Qaeda. The name refers to the original Operation Gladio, in which US intelligence had relations with anti-communist groups in Europe. According to Sibel Edmonds, Gladio B identified, among other things, meetings between US intelligence and Ayman al-Zawahiri in Azerbaijan between 1997 and 2001, with al-Zawahiri and other mujahideen being transported by NATO aircraft to Central Asia and the Balkans. These and related allegations were seemingly confirmed by Sunday Times journalists in 2008 by speaking to Pentagon and MI6 sources; however the journalists were prevented from publishing these allegations when the second half of their 4-part series was dropped.[1][2] References[edit] See also[edit]

ATF gunwalking scandal Weapons recovered by Mexican military in Naco, Sonora, Mexico on November 20, 2009. They include weapons bought two weeks earlier by Operation Fast and Furious suspect Uriel Patino, who would buy 723 guns during the operation.[1] "Gunwalking", or "letting guns walk", was a tactic of the Arizona Field Office of the United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), which ran a series of sting operations[2][3] between 2006[4] and 2011[2][5] in the Tucson and Phoenix area where the ATF "purposely allowed licensed firearms dealers to sell weapons to illegal straw buyers, hoping to track the guns to Mexican drug cartel leaders and arrest them. Background[edit] —Report by the Office of the Inspector General on the Review of ATF's Operation Fast and Furious and Related Matters, September 2012[1] Four federal statutes govern U.S. commerce of firearms domestically and internationally. Operations[edit] 2006–2008: Operation Wide Receiver and other probes[edit]

Seven Years in Tibet The book covers the escape of Harrer and his companion, Peter Aufschnaiter, from a British internment camp in India. Harrer and Aufschnaiter then traveled across Tibet to Lhasa, the capital. Here they spent several years, and Harrer describes the contemporary Tibetan culture in detail. Harrer subsequently became a tutor and friend of the 14th Dalai Lama. Seven Years in Tibet was translated into 53 languages, became a bestseller in the United States in 1954, and sold three million copies.[1] Endorsement[edit] Films[edit] Song[edit] References[edit] Jump up ^ Martin, Douglas Martin (January 10, 2006). External links[edit] "Book Review: Seven Years in Tibet".

passive-aggressive (and just plain aggressive) notes — no, your From the archive, 18 August 1970: Kennedy talked of possibility of killing Castro | From the Guardian Cuban leader Fidel Castro in Havana in 1960. Photograph: Tad Szulc/New York Times President Kennedy discussed the possibility of assassinating Fidel Castro during the 1960 presidential campaign, according to former Californian Senator [see footnote] George Smathers, a close friend who frequently accompanied the President on trips to the South. Senator Smathers, a political maverick, with Right-wing views on Latin America, made the statement in documents just released by the John F. Kennedy Memorial Library, published in the New York Times today: "I don't know whether he brought it up or I brought it up. We had further conversations on the assassination of Fidel Castro, what would be the reaction, how would the people react, would the people be gratified." "As I recollect," added Mr Smathers, who has since retired, "he was just throwing out a great barrage of questions – he was certain it could be accomplished – I remember that – it would be no great problem.

Operation Paperclip Operation Paperclip was the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) program used to recruit the scientists of Nazi Germany for employment by the United States in the aftermath of World War II. It was conducted by the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA), and in the context of the burgeoning Cold War. One purpose of Operation Paperclip was to deny German scientific expertise and knowledge to the Soviet Union[1] and the United Kingdom,[2] as well as inhibiting post-war Germany from redeveloping its military research capabilities. Although the JIOA's recruitment of German scientists began after the Allied victory in Europe on May 8, 1945, U.S. To circumvent President Truman's anti-Nazi order and the Allied Potsdam and Yalta agreements, the JIOA worked independently to create false employment and political biographies for the scientists. The Osenberg List[edit] Identification[edit] Beginning on 19 July 1945, the U.S. Capture and detention[edit] The scientists[edit] In May 1945, the U.S.

5 Things You Didn't Know About Operation Fast and Furious By GERARDO REYES and SANTIAGO WILLS @ThisIsFusion Posted 09/30/2012, 11:09PM Updated 10/15/2013, 03:29PM The U.S. government's botched Fast and Furious gun-trafficking operation left a trail of bullets and bodies in Mexico. 1. Mexican military reports show that at least three guns from North America were used in the Salvarcar massacre in 2010. 2. 57 Previously Unidentified Weapons Surface Univision cross-referenced the serial numbers off guns used in Fast and Furious against guns seized in Mexico. 3. Andrew Selee, vice president for programs at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington D.C. says the Mexican government was aware of the gun-walking, in spite of releasing a statement saying they were not. 4. Fast and Furious was not the only ATF operation of its kind that went awry. 5. Victor Avila and Jaime Zapata, two U.S. Prior to traveling into the region, Avila reached out to a supervisor expressing concerns over security that were backed by a U.S.