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English Bible History: Timeline of how we got the English Bible

English Bible History: Timeline of how we got the English Bible
The fascinating story of how we got the Bible in its present form actually starts thousands of years ago, as briefly outlined in our Timeline of Bible Translation History. As a background study, we recommend that you first review our discussion of the Pre-Reformation History of the Bible from 1,400 B.C. to 1,400 A.D., which covers the transmission of the scripture through the original languages of Hebrew and Greek, and the 1,000 years of the Dark & Middle Ages when the Word was trapped in only Latin. Our starting point in this discussion of Bible history, however, is the advent of the scripture in the English language with the “Morning Star of the Reformation”, John Wycliffe. John Wycliffe The first hand-written English language Bible manuscripts were produced in the 1380's AD by John Wycliffe, an Oxford professor, scholar, and theologian. John Hus Johann Gutenberg Thomas Linacre John Colet Erasmus William Tyndale Martin Luther Myles Coverdale John Rogers Thomas Cranmer King Henry VIII Queen Mary Related:  BritishBible Study 1

Why did Henry VIII have six wives? Henry divorced two of his wives (Catherine of Aragon and Anne of Cleves), he had two of his wives executed (Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard) and one of his wives (Jane Seymour) died shortly after childbirth. His last wife (Catherine Parr) outlived him. Why did Henry VIII have six wives? Monarchs in the Tudor times rarely married for love. Henry had six wives because.... He had the first wife because he was betrothed to her by his father. He had the second wife because he fell in love and also needed a legitimate male heir. He had the third wife because he still needed a male heir. He had the fourth wife because of diplomatic reasons. He had the fifth wife because he fell in love again. He had the sixth wife because he was old and sick and needed a companion and nurse who wouldn't give him too much trouble. Henry's main aim was to make sure that the Tudors would keep on ruling England after he died. Who were the six wives? They were (in order) "Divorced, beheaded, died. Back to Henry VIII

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Map of London Social and Functional Analysis 1943 | Mapping London [Updated] This map of London districts, was intended to be used as a grand “masterplan” of how a post-WW2 London could look. Each district appears as a simplified “blob” with rounded edges – many districts are simple ovals. Specific single “University”, “Government”, “Press” and “Law” districts are all defined. Blue dots mark out the main shopping streets, with town halls marked with larger red dots. The accompanying text reads: A simplification of the communities & open space survey showing the existing main elements of London. Thankfully London has not ended up as ordered and prescribed – and obsolescent – as this map suggests. [Update – Thanks to Andrea Marchesetti for mentioning the below related map, from around the same time and with the same general idea, except with more precise boundaries drawn around the communities.] See more maps featured on Mapping London

The Parables of Jesus: Intro and List The parables of Jesus are found in the three synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) and the Gospel of Thomas. We will be studying 27 of the parables found in these texts. In our examination of these stories, we'll consider their literary form and placement within each gospel and the ways scholars of the New Testament and early Christianity have analyzed these texts. New Testament scholars believe that Mark's gospel was used as a source by both Matthew and Luke, so their versions of each parable can be usefully compared to the Markan version to see their editing [or redaction] of the Markan source (though it also possible that they had access to another source in addition to Mark). Their activities of preaching, studying, worshipping, and learning together radically shaped the ways the parables were heard and told. Mark 4:1–20, Matthew 13:3–23, Luke 8:5–15, Thomas 9 Mark 4:26-29 [unique to Mark] Mark 4:30-32, Matthew 13:31-32, Luke 13:18-19, Thomas 20 Matthew 13:24-30, Thomas 57 17b.

Mary I Mary Tudor was the only child born to Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon to survive childhood. Had she been born a boy, it is likely that the whole of English history would have been different (but probably less interesting!). Mary had a good childhood as a young princess, and was the center of court attention in her earliest years. But, as the years progressed and no little brothers followed, Mary's father began to look into the alternatives. Eventually, Henry sought an annulment from Catherine, and married his second Queen: Anne Boleyn. When Anne Boleyn gave birth to Elizabeth, Mary was sent to attend the new young Princess in her household. Shortly after the death of Anne Boleyn, Henry wed Jane Seymour, who sought to reconcile the King with his two daughters. In October 1537, Queen Jane gave birth to Edward, Henry's longed for son and Mary stood as the young Prince's godmother at the christening. In January 1540, Mary gained yet another stepmother: Anne of Cleves.

Online Library Bible Research Tools Research Tools Home > Online Library Bible Research Tools "For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart." Hebrews 4:12 Online Library Research Tools Page Index The continued expansion and use of the internet has established a new and convenient way to study any topic online. Student Research Tools Student Free Hebrew / Greek Courses Free Hebrew Course Free Greek Course Greek New Testament Search Engine Links Free Downloadable Software Ministry Links Student Hebrew / Greek Language Courses Free Hebrew Courses Biblical Hebrew for Christians Introduction to Biblical Hebrew Foundation Stone - a free and easy way to learn Hebrew Free Greek Courses NT Greek.Net - Introduction to New Testament Greek New Testament Greek - a free New Testament Greek tutoring course Greek New Testament Greek New Testament Search Engine Links

The History of the Jet Engine - Sir Frank Whittle - Hans Von Ohain By Mary Bellis Dr. Hans von Ohain and Sir Frank Whittle are both recognized as being the co-inventors of the jet engine. Each worked separately and knew nothing of the other's work. Sir Frank Whittle was an English aviation engineer and pilot, the son of a mechanic, Frank Whittle joined the Royal Air Force or RAF as an apprentice. With private financial support, he began construction of his first engine in 1935. The firm of Power Jets Ltd., with which Whittle was associated, received a contract for a Whittle engine, known as the W1, on July 7, 1939. born: June 1, 1907, Coventry, Warwickshire, England died: Aug. 8, 1996, Columbia, Md., U.S. Doctor Hans Von Ohain was a German airplane designer who invented an operational jet engine. Hans Von Ohain joined Ernst Heinkel in 1936 and continued with the development of his concepts of jet propulsion. Hans Von Ohain developed a second improved jet engine, the He S.8A, which was first flown on April 2, 1941. Photo Courtesy U.S.

Who Were the Religious Leaders of Jesus's Day? The Priesthood In first century Palestine there was no separation between church and state. The priests at the temple in Jerusalem not only officiated over the religious life of the Jews, they were also rulers and judges. Herod, who was himself a pawn of Rome, had his own pawns installed in the Jewish priesthood. By the first century the election of the High Priest was more political than religious. “Then many of the Jews who had come to Mary, and had seen the things Jesus did, believed in Him. Josephus recorded that the priesthood went so far as to authorize a daily sacrifice for Caesar in the temple. The priesthood lived in luxury well beyond that of the average man. “…impressive archeological remains of their Jerusalem residences show how elegant their life style had become. The priests lived lavish lifestyles while the average Jewish peasant struggled to survive. The Pharisees The Pharisees rose to prominence in what scholars call the second temple period. The Sadducees The Essenes

The Reformation The English Reformation started in the reign of Henry VIII. The English Reformation was to have far reaching consequences in Tudor England. Henry VIII decided to rid himself of his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, after she had failed to produce a male heir to the throne. He had already decided who his next wife would be - Anne Boleyn. By 1527, Catherine was considered too old to have anymore children. However, a divorce was not a simple issue. The Roman Catholic faith believed in marriage for life. This put Henry VIII in a difficult position. Another approach Henry used was to make a special appeal to the pope so that he might get a special "Papal Dispensation". The Archbishop granted Henry his divorce - against the wishes of the pope. This event effectively lead to England breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church based in Rome. How did the people of England react to this? Henry was made Supreme Head of the Church by an Act of Parliament in 1534. To reform means to change.

Lady Jane Grey and Lord Guilford Dudley Executions 1554 Lady Jane Grey and her husband, Lord Guildford Dudley, were executed on 12 February 1554 at the Tower of London. The account below was found in the anonymous Chronicle of Queen Jane and of Two Years of Queen Mary. The decision to execute her cousin was not easy for Queen Mary I. His [Guildford’s] carcase thrown into a cart, and his head in a cloth, he was brought to the chapel within the Tower, where the Lady Jane, whose lodging was in Partidge’s house, did see his dead carcase taken out of the cart, as well as she did see him before alive on going to his death – a sight to her no less than death. Read More English History Topics The Coronation of Lady Jane Grey, 1553 This account of Jane Grey's coronation was written by Henry Machyn, a London undertaker. February 28, 2015 In "Tudor" Lady Catherine Grey Facts & Information Biography ' I have sent you, good sister Catherine, a book, which although it be not outwardly trimmed with gold, yet inwardly it is more worthy than precious stones.

Year of the Eucharist, encyclical of John Paul II God's most precious gift to His Church: Jesus is really present in the consecrated Host On Thursday, June 10, 2004, when celebrating Corpus Christi with the Diocese of Rome, Pope John Paul II announced that in October, 2004, coinciding with the International Eucharistic Congress of Guadalajara, Mexico, a special Year of the Eucharist will begin, which will end in October 2005 with the ordinary assembly of the Synod of Bishops, whose them will be “The Eucharist: Source and Summit of the Life and Mission of the Church.” The Eucharist is a great mystery — Jesus is really present, body and blood, soul and divinity, in the consecrated Host — but it is also God's greatest gift to mankind, since in it, Christ becomes intimately united to us, by becoming the Bread of Life. On April 17, 2003 — Holy Thursday — Pope John Paul II devoted a whole encyclical letter to the Eucharist, to remind the faithful about the importance of this sacrament, and the right dispositions to receive it.

Elizabeth I Elizabeth's life was troubled from the moment she was born. Henry VIII had changed the course of his country's history in order to marry Anne Boleyn, hoping that she would bear him the strong and healthy son that Catherine of Aragon never did. But, on September 7, 1533 in Greenwich Palace, Anne bore Elizabeth instead. Anne did eventually conceive a son, but he was stillborn. Elizabeth was probably at the royal manor at Hunsdon when her mother was arrested and executed after being at court for Christmas (and likely the last time she saw her mother). Elizabeth's last stepmother was Katherine Parr, the sixth queen to Henry VIII. Elizabeth went to live with the Queen Dowager Katherine, but left her household after an incident with the Lord Admiral, Thomas Seymour, who was now Katherine's husband. Edward may have contracted what was then called consumption (possibly tuberculosis) or had a severe respiratory infection. Elizabeth had survived and was finally Queen of England.