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Surnames Meanings, Origins & Distribution Maps

A surname is part of a personal name that is passed from either or both parents to their offspring. Customs on the format of surnames change from region to region and their use has changed over time. In most Western nations, the surname occurs at the end of a personal name, after a given name or names. Conversely some East Asian counties and Hungary place the surname before given names. In most regions and time periods, surnames were assumed based on descent from a male ancestor (usually the father), but in some cases were passed by the mother. Use of the mother's surname is usually due to extenuating circumstances (illegitimacy, posthumous birth, inheritance etc.), though in some regions culture dictated the use of the mother's surname. Surnames and family names have arisen throughout history as civilisations advance and become increasingly useful to distinguish people when they are recorded in written records, particularly tax records. Patronymic Surnames Occupational Surnames

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✜ The Thrones of Wisdom ✜ (Dennis Aubrey) Some of my favorite photographic subjects are these Throne of Wisdom madonnas, captivating and powerful iconographic images of the Romanesque era. Most of these are small (30 inch/76 centimeters), polychrome wooden statues from the 12th and 13th centuries. The Sedes Sapientiae(“Throne of Wisdom”) is an icon of the Mother of God in majesty and was found throughout Romanesque Europe. Notre Dame de Seu, Seu d’Urgell (Lleida) Photo by Dennis Aubrey These Vierges have some interesting characteristics; Mary is not usually a young mother, but a mature woman. The child is small, but is not depicted as an infant or a baby, but rather more like a small adult.

This amazing map lets you find out where your surname is most popular across the UK How popular is your surname around different parts of the UK? For certain inherited surnames from cultures, countries and dialects it should be obvious - but if you don't know, we have a way to find out. Academics from University College London have used geographical data from the Consumer Data Research Centre to build a website which generates a heat map of the country based on the prevalence of your surname. The Ultimate Guide to Choosing the Perfect Bra The well-known lingerie expert Rebecca Apsan selected the underwear worn by the characters in Sex & The City. Stars such as Angelina Jolie, Meryl Streep, and Linda Evangelista are known to frequent her stores. She’s also written a book about selecting the right bra and underwear.

Collection search Registration numbers The most common type of Museum number begins with the year of acquisition. The database standardises these numbers in the form, for example: 1887,0708.2427 (year: comma: block of four numbers - usually representing a month and day: full-stop and final number). The final number can be of any length and may be followed by another full-stop and a sub-number. In some cases the same number is shared by two or more objects across departments. theconversation The amount of electricity generated in the UK from renewables such as wind and solar is growing year on year. Recent analysis by the Carbon Trust revealed that solar panels generated more electricity than coal over six months – from April until the end of September – for the first time ever, while the amount of electricity generated from renewables increased from 19% in 2014 to 25% in 2015. While the growth of renewables is helping to reduce carbon emissions and tackle climate change, balancing the availability of these resources with varying levels of electricity demand can be a challenge. Wind power accounted for 11% of UK electricity generation in 2015, providing enough electricity to meet the demand from 30% of UK households (over 8m homes).

theconversation Historically, insomnia has been thought of as secondary to other disorders such as depression. The idea was that you became depressed – and that your sleep got messed up as a consequence. This might involve difficulty falling asleep, excessive time awake at night or waking up earlier than hoped. Bible Maps, Timelines, Charts, Lineages The Lost Tribes of Israel Locations where Israel taken captive View Migration after captivity View Israel's first settlement in Europe View The Roman Empire theconversation The election of Donald Trump symbolises the demise of a remarkable era. It was a time when we saw the curious spectacle of a superpower, the US, growing stronger because of – rather than despite – its burgeoning deficits. It was also remarkable because of the sudden influx of two billion workers – from China and Eastern Europe – into capitalism’s international supply chain.

CEO Corner: Finding Ancestor Records Directly from Family Tree In my 18 months at the helm, I’ve been excited about all the new features we have been releasing here at FamilySearch. However, we have a new search function that is one of the most effective new tools that FamilySearch has ever created: search records within an ancestor page in FamilySearch Family Tree. I have yet to see anyone who tries this amazing feature who doesn’t find huge research success. Greek Mythology: FAMILY TREE OF THE GREEK GODS The complete family tree of the gods is displayed over eight indexed charts. The basic structure follows Hesiod's Theogony, but that author's genealogies have been expanded with a plethora of additional gods, spirits and creatures sourced from other classical sources. Where there is disagreement amongst ancient writers as to the genealogy of a certain character, the oldest and/or most popular source has been selected for the chart. An additional family tree depicts the divine genealogy given in Hesiod's Theogony.

Our mental health obsession has fuelled the politics of Donald Trump and Brexit To understand the current anti-authoritarian political crises, from Brexit to the Trump vote, we need to look back at the activism that took place from the 1960s to mid 1970s, and ask what went wrong. 1960s social justice movements changed our relation to the establishment forever. Yes, there had been anti-authoritarian movements before, but never had so many of the disaffected risen to demand change. From the American civil rights movement, to campaigns for women’s rights, gay liberation, nuclear disarmament, and so on, discontent appeared to foster both rage and hope that a better world was possible. By the mid-1970s, the mass social justice movements began to be drained of their radicalism, a shift that can be attributed to the rise of a certain atomised individualism.