Spain: Spanish Language Welcome to our guide to Spain! This is useful for anyone researching Spanish culture, customs, manners, etiquette, values and wanting to understand the people better. You may be going to Spain on business, for a visit or even hosting Spanish colleagues or clients in your own country. Facts and Statistics Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France Capital: Madrid Climate: temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast Population: 40,280,780 (July 2004 est.) Ethnic Make-up: composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6% Government: parliamentary monarchy The Spanish Language The official language is Spanish, also called Castilian, and is the first language of over 72% of the population. Why not learn some useful Spanish phrases? Spanish Society & Culture
Ejercicios para aprender español. Ejercicios de gramática . Spanish exercises Fiestas & Festivals in Spain | Spanish-Living.com Spanish fiestas symbolise the very essence of Spain and the Spanish people. They're colourful, vibrant, usually extremely noisy, often chaotic and always great fun. The origins of many of the country's countless fiestas lie in religious feasts, often honouring a patron saint. It's the same in northern Europe where many public holidays were born out of religious 'holy days'. But northern Europe simply can't compete with Spain when it comes to turning a religious celebration into a riotous round-the-clock knees up. Perhaps it's the warm weather or maybe it's the exuberant, uninhibited nature of the Spaniards who just love to party. Every day throughout the year there are fiestas taking place somewhere in Spain, either at a local, regional or national level. These may revolve around the major religious festivals such as Christmas, Easter and All Saints (Halloween) or they may be highly localised events, with their origins in obscure local folklore. The hottest fiesta of them all!
Amusing Spanish Idioms See also Spanish Slang, Spanish Words & Phrases An idiom is a phrase that is understood to have a meaning different from its literal meaning. For example, in English when we say “it’s raining cats and dogs” we mean it’s raining heavily, it’s a downpour. Like the cats and dogs example, idioms are fun, colorful expressions and the direct translation of an idiom from one language to another is often hilarious. Below are some of my favorite Spanish idioms. No tiene dos dedos de frente. Tiene más lana que un borrego. A otro perro con ese hueso. La carne de burro no es transparente. Cada quien tiene su manera de matar pulgas. Da un beso a la botella. El hijo de la gato, ratones mata. Antes que te cases mira lo que haces. Más vale pájaro en mano que cien volando. Mientras que en mi casa estoy, rey soy. Yo tengo una tía que toca la guitarra.
ESPAÑOL EXTRANJEROS. Victoria Monera.: B1. PRETÉRITO IMPERFECTO-PRETÉRITO INDEFINIDO 1. El uso de estos dos tiempos plantea muchos problemas para los extranjeros. En estas frases debes elegir entre el pretérito imperfecto y el indefinido. Abajo tienes un poco de teoría que puede ayudarte (mejor si la lees después de hacer el ejercicio). 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. “Ayer me levanté a las 8.00h”. Marcadores temporales Ayer, anteayer, anoche, anteanoche.La semana, el mes, el año.... pasado /-aHace 2, 3, 4...... días, meses, años.El otro día.En 2005. Usos Costumbres en el pasado.Descripciones en el pasado.Acción no terminada o interrumpida por otra (en el pasado). RESPUESTAS. 1, Esperábamos, empezó. 2. Spanish Idioms Webster's dictionary defines an idiom as: "1) the dialect of a people, region,etc., 2) the usual way in which words of a language are joined together to express thought; 3) a conventional phrase or expression having a meaning different from the literal; 4) a characteristic style." Webster's New World Dictionary,Compact School & Office Edition - The World Publishing Company, 1967 The use of idioms allows you to expand your fluency in a language. Return to Student's Page
Spanish Idiom Dictionary Spanish idioms are essential to understanding and communicating with native speakers. Because Spanish is spoken in so many different countries, extra care is required when learning idioms. Make sure to pay attention to who is saying what under what circumstances before you attempt to use anything but the most common expression. Browse below to take a look at just how many different ways you can express yourself in Spanish. a (la) merced de at the mercy of (n.b.: the “la” is often omitted) a altas horas de la madrugada in the small hours of the morning a cargo de in charge of; responsible for; by a causa de because of; as a result of (lit.: at the cause of) a chorros in abundance; plenty; lots a contrapelo wrong way; backwards; backassed a corto plazo in the short run; short-term; in the short term (lit.: at short place) a deshora at an inconvenient time a diario daily; every day a disgusto reluctantly a duras penas hardly; barely; with difficulty a eso de around, about (time) (lit.: a this of)
Pretérito Imperfecto/Indefinido - Exercises - Lingolia Spanish show special characters display incorrect answers Type in the verbs. Decide whether you need the pretérito imperfecto or the pretérito indefinido. El año pasado mi hermano y yo (mudarse) a Noruega. Sin embargo, tras unos meses (hacer/yo) nuevos amigos que me (ayudar) mucho. Después de medio año ya (manejarse/yo) yo sola y (empezar) a comprender cómo (funcionar) las cosas.
Spanish Pronouns A Pronoun in Spanish as well as in English is like a shortcut to refer to a noun, a word that stands for or represents a noun or noun phrase, a pronoun is identified only in the context of the sentence in which they are used. So you must have a prior idea about who "he or she" "él or ella" is. In English we find "me, her, what, that, his", In Spanish they're used pretty much the same way, the main difference is that in Spanish most pronouns have a gender, masculine or feminine and rarely neuter to unknown objects or ideas. Types of pronouns include personal pronouns (refer to the persons speaking, the persons spoken to, or the persons or things spoken about), indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns (connect parts of sentences) and reciprocal or reflexive pronouns (in which the object of a verb is being acted on by verb's subject). This table below shows examples of all pronouns categories in Spanish: Subject pronouns: Spanish Possessive Pronouns: Mine= el mío / la mía /los míos / las mías.
Formal & Plural commands in Spanish The formal and commands are polite requests that you make of adults who are not close friends. This includes patients if you are a doctor (unless your patients are young children), clients for businessmen, even waiters since in most Hispanic countries you will not find a teenager bouncing over to your table with a "Hey! I'm Jim!" When in doubt, use the Ud. The Plural form represents commands or requests of more than one person. Let's make a Formal Command. We always start with the first person singular "Yo" form of the verb: hablo Now drop the "o" : habl- Now we attach the "opposite" vowel ending to our verb stem to form our command: ¡ Hable ! The Usted and Ustedes command forms are the Ud. and Uds. form of the Present Subjunctive. If the Yo form is irregular in the Present Tense, it will be irregular in the Formal & Plural command form. With verbs that end in "Y" in the Yo form as well as Saber are very irregular:
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Formal & Plural commands in Spanish The formal and commands are polite requests that you make of adults who are not close friends. This includes patients if you are a doctor (unless your patients are young children), clients for businessmen, even waiters since in most Hispanic countries you will not find a teenager bouncing over to your table with a "Hey! I'm Jim!" name-tag on. When in doubt, use the Ud. The Plural form represents commands or requests of more than one person. Let's make a Formal Command. We always start with the first person singular "Yo" form of the verb: hablo Now drop the "o" : habl- Now we attach the "opposite" vowel ending to our verb stem to form our command: ¡ Hable ! The Usted and Ustedes command forms are the Ud. and Uds. form of the Present Subjunctive. If the Yo form is irregular in the Present Tense, it will be irregular in the Formal & Plural command form. With verbs that end in "Y" in the Yo form as well as Saber are very irregular:
How to Teach Commands to First Year Spanish Language Students written by: Heather Marie Kosur • edited by: Rebecca Scudder • updated: 3/2/2012 The following article describes a first year Spanish lesson plan for teaching basic commands in Spanish and includes examples to illustrate the Spanish imperative verb form. An optional refresher on the imperative mood in English is provided. Imperative Mood Lesson PlanThe following lesson plan can be used by Spanish teachers to introduce the imperative mood to English-speaking Spanish students.
Learn Spanish Grammar and Vocabulary - Woodward Spanish