History of East Timor East Timor is a country in Southeast Asia, officially known as Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste. The country comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor and the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco. The first inhabitants are thought to be descendant of Australoid and Melanesian peoples. The Portuguese began to trade with Timor by the early 16th century and colonized it throughout the mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty for which Portugal ceded the western half of the island. Imperial Japan occupied East Timor during World War II, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese surrender. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975, but was invaded by neighboring Indonesia nine days later. Pre-colonial history The island of Timor was populated as part of the human migrations that have shaped Australasia more generally. Around 3000 BC, a second migration brought Melanesians.
Sheppard Software: Fun free online learning games and activities for kids. Cross-Cultural Adaptation COM 372—Theory and Research in Intercultural Communication Updated 11 June 2013 A General Introduction Adaptation: Going Abroad · Many authors have theorized and researched the notion of cross-cultural adaptation, which entails moving from one culture to another culture, usually (but not always) learning the rules, norms, customs, and language of the new culture. o Short-term travelers, such as those on vacations or business trips. o Sojourners, those who travel to a culture for an extended time, but still one with planned limits—that is, a plan to return, such as international students or those on an extended business assignment of (for example), one to three years o Immigrants, those who move to another culture with plans of making that culture their new home · Of course, even immigrants can vary on several dimensions, which become important later, such as: o Social class/support: Often, but not always, social class combines with purpose of immigration. Today’s notes cover two main themes: o
Expanding Your Cultural Intelligence Quiz | RealMagazine – Winter/Spring 2014 Your CQ can be as important as your IQ Few subjects are as massive and complex as culture. Here’s how the American Heritage English Dictionary leads off its definition of the term: “the totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought.” The “all other products” qualifier would strain the resources of most anyone’s cultural quotient, or CQ, which global-competence researchers, Linn Van Dyne, Soon Ang and Christine Koh, interpret as an individual’s “capability to function effectively in situations characterized by cultural diversity.” Diversity, of course, at least according to the U.S. education, geographic origin, and skill characteristics.” For the purposes of this quiz, which will begin shortly, culture will be sighted and united by nations. Individualism: This dimension measures the degree of interdependence in a society, distinguishing between self-images based on “I” or “We.” or just let life happen?
Human Body, Human Body Information Beyond the Brain What goes on within the human skull is more complex and fantastic than anyone imagined. And scientists are finding ways to delve even deeper into what we know of the mind. Mending Broken Hearts Cheeseburgers, smoking, stress—risk factors for heart disease, a malady reaching global epidemic proportions. Now, discoveries about genetic triggers may help us spot trouble before it starts. Unmasking Skin Equal parts armor, air-conditioning system, and genetic heritage, skin is more than skin-deep. Scientists are probing beneath the surface of the body's largest organ.
22 Easy Formative Assessment Techniques for Measuring Student Learning I came across Terry Heick’s blog – 10 Assessments You Can Perform In 90 Seconds – at TeachThought from earlier this year and really enjoyed the formative assessment strategies that he outlined. Using formative assessment techniques in class – or “simple assessments” as Terry calls them – are easy to administer and provide the instant feedback teachers need to identify which students need more help, and then adjust their instruction and lesson plans to help them. Visit Terry’s blog above to get more detail on the following ten formative assessment techniques: 1. New Clothes 2. Combining Terry’s ten with the ten we’ve blogged about can give teachers 20 great formative assessment strategies for measuring student learning. 11. Here are a couple more assessments you can use to elicit evidence of student learning. 21. 22. All of these 22 formative assessment techniques are simple to administer and free or inexpensive to use. Do you have a favorite?
Protocol Professionals, Inc. | Chinese Etiquette & Protocol Confucius, China's greatest sage established a system of ethics, morals, hierarchy and behavior, setting the rules for people dealing with other people, and establishing each person's proper place in society. The five major relationships set forth by Confucius: Key concepts in understanding Chinese culture: Guanxi - Throughout much of Chinese history, the fundamental glue that has held society together is the concept of guanxi, relationships between people. Mianzi - Face - Losing face, saving face and giving face is very important and should be taken into consideration at all times. Li - Originally li meant to sacrifice, but today it is translated as the art of being polite and courteous. Keqi - Ke means guest and qi means behavior. Getting to Know Each Other Greetings and Introductions
Richard Lewis Communications - Negotiating across Cultures “In all negotiations of difficulty, a man may not look to sow and reap at once; but must prepare business, and so ripen it by degrees” – Francis Bacon (1561-1626) ‘Of Negotiating’ Negotiation is probably as old as mankind itself and was born out of Homo Sapiens’ early struggles for survival and dominance. During the last century or so, negotiation has become a science, dominated by the Americans. But anyone who has mediated at, for instance, a Japanese-US joint venture knows that the moment intercultural factors enter the equation, the landscape can change utterly. It has always been advisable to understand the cultural factors in international negotiations. In times of financial crisis, people are under psychological stress and there is a tendency to assert our cultural values more powerfully when under pressure. In international negotiation, cultural preparation to understand different worlds is central to successful strategy and tactics. It is dangerous to rely on our intuitions.
Indonesia Indonesia ( The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Muslim traders brought the now-dominant Islam, while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups. Etymology History A Borobudur ship carved on Borobudur, c. 800 CE. Austronesian peoples, who form the majority of the modern population, migrated to South East Asia from Taiwan. The nutmeg plant is native to Indonesia's Banda Islands. Sukarno, Indonesia's founding President. Government and politics
September 11 Digital Archive Issues in Cross-Cultural Communication CULLISON: There must be witty expressions, though, that don’t make it across the cultural gap. MURAMATSU: Well, take the American saying "It won’t play in Peoria." I’ve heard it used, I know what it means. The other day in Osaka an American businessman, arguing against some Japanese proposals, said "It won’t hold in Washington, and certainly not in Peoria." CULLISON: So what did you do? MURAMATSU: I just disregarded Peoria and paraphrased it as "It won’t be accepted by the people in Washington, government people, Congressmen, and certainly not by the average citizen." But these are the things that spice our conversation, make it interesting, so they shouldn’t be discouraged. CULLISON: Are there any other danger points that you can think of? MURAMATSU: Religion, yes. CULLISON: But there are all kinds of English, as you know. MURAMATSU: Yes. - from
Map of the Human Heart Map of the Human Heart Day and night, the muscles of your heart contract and relax to pump blood throughout your body. In the Step Thru below, see the complicated path the blood takes as it moves in and out of the heart. Step Thru Animation Oxygen-poor blood (shown in blue) flows from the body into the right atrium. Anatomy Do right and left seem backward? aortasuperior vena cavaright atriuminferior vena cavapulmonary valvetricuspid valveright ventriclemitral valveleft ventriclepulmonary arteryaortic valveleft atrium Heart Facts Put your hand on your heart. Hold out your hand and make a fist. Give a tennis ball a good, hard squeeze. The aorta, the largest artery in the body, is almost the diameter of a garden hose. Feel your pulse by placing two fingers at pulse points on your neck or wrists. Your body has about 5.6 liters (6 quarts) of blood. The heart pumps about 1 million barrels of blood during an average lifetime—that's enough to fill more than 3 super tankers.
September 11, 2001 : Attack on America September 11, 2001 : Attack on America Remarks by the President After Two Planes Crash Into World Trade Center 9:30 A.M. EDT; September 11, 2001 Remarks by the President Upon Arrival at Barksdale Air Force Base; September 11, 2001 Secretary Colin L. Powell Press Briefing on Board Plane En Route Washington, DC; September 11, 2001 Press Briefing to the Pool By Ari Fleischer 1:47 P.M. Press Briefing by Karen Hughes, Counselor to the President; September 11, 2001 Press Briefing to the Pool By Ari Fleischer 5:30 P.M. DoD News Briefing on Pentagon Attack 6:42 p.m. Press Briefing 7:15 P.M. Statement of Secretary of Transportation Norman Y. State Dept. Statement by the President in His Address to the Nation 8:30 P.M. Statement by the Press Secretary; September 11, 2001 DoD Press Release; September 11, 2001 Remarks of Attorney General John Ashcroft; September 11, 2001 Proclamation; September 11, 2001 Statement by the Secretary General of NATO Lord Robertson; September 11, 2001 James B. James B. U.S.