Greece (Greek: Ελλάδα, Elláda, pronounced [eˈlaða] ( )), officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία [eliniˈci ðimokraˈti.a] Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía) and known since ancient times as Hellas (Greek: Ἑλλάς), is a country in Southern Europe. According to the 2011 census, Greece's population is around 11 million. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city. Modern Greece traces its roots to the civilization of Mycenaean Greece and is considered the cradle of all Western civilization. As such, it is the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature and historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, including both tragedy and comedy. The cultural and technological achievements of Greece greatly influenced the world, with many aspects of Greek civilization being imparted to the East through Alexander the Great's campaigns, and to the West through the Roman Empire. History
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BulgariaCoordinates: Bulgaria i/bʌlˈɡɛəriə/ (Bulgarian: България, IPA: [bɐɫˈɡarijɐ]), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Република България, IPA: [rɛˈpublikɐ bɐɫˈɡarijɐ]), is a country located in south-eastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. With a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), Bulgaria is Europe's 14th-largest country. Bulgaria's population of 7.4 million people is predominantly urbanised and mainly concentrated in the administrative centres of its 28 provinces. The country's current political structure dates to the adoption of a democratic constitution in 1991. History Prehistory and antiquity Human activity in the lands of modern Bulgaria can be traced back to the Paleolithic. First Bulgarian Empire Khan Krum feasts with his nobles after the battle of Pliska. Second Bulgarian Empire Ottoman rule
LithuaniaLithuania ( i/ˌlɪθjuːˈeɪniə/; Lithuanian: Lietuva) officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika) is a country in Northern Europe, the largest of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It borders Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 3 million as of 2013, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. Lithuanians are a Baltic people, and the official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages (together with Latvian) in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family. For centuries, the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea was inhabited by various Baltic tribes. Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, a full member of the Schengen Agreement and NATO. History Prehistoric Medieval
LM4XCulture in Greece and society today | Greek cultureGreece is a country of great interests and diverse cultures, influenced by its location, at the junction between the East and the West and by the many occupations of the Greek people throughout history. In general, the Greeks are particularly proud of their culture and speak of their country with an intense passion, feeling that the culture in Greece is a definition of their national and ethnic belonging. Traditions, religion, music, language, food and wines are the major composites of the culture in Greece and constitute the base for those who wish to visit and understand today's country. Greek Culture: Aspects of the culture in Greece Below we propose information about the main aspects of the Greek culture today: language, traditions, religion, food, music and more. Language Language constitutes one of the most important elements of the Greek culture. History Greece is a country with a very rich history from Bronze age, to classical period, Roman period, Ottoman period and more. Geography
MontenegroMontenegro ( i/ˌmɒntɨˈneɪɡroʊ/ or /ˌmɒntɨˈniːɡroʊ/; or /ˌmɒntɨˈnɛɡroʊ/; Montenegrin: Crna Gora / Црна Гора [t͡sr̩̂ːnaː ɡɔ̌ra] ( ), meaning "Black Mountain") is a country in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, Kosovo[a] to the east and Albania to the south-east. Its capital and largest city is Podgorica, while Cetinje is designated as the Prijestonica, meaning the former Royal Capital City. In the 9th century, there existed three Slavic principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. Montenegro is classified by the World Bank as a middle-income country. Etymology The aforementioned region became known as Old Montenegro (Стара Црна Гора/Stara Crna Gora) by the 19th century to distinguish it from the newly acquired territory of Brda (The Highlands).
Valencia Tourist Information: Hotels, Attractions and Travel GuideLM2-Greece with the kids: A lesson in history and heritage | Newsday"Boro na eho nero?" my daughter says, trying out one of her go-to Greek phrases on the man behind the small lobby bar of the Athens Gate Hotel. Can I have water? She's asking for the same thing every other tourist wants on this 96-degree July afternoon, but she gets a little language lesson on the side. "Ena boukali," he says slowly and deliberately as he hands it over. "Bottle." This is serious business to my three kids, ages 9, 11 and 13. It's the trip that almost wasn't. See alsoEurope's best bets in 2015 We arrive in Athens in the midst of a minor heat wave, carrying enough cash to cover food, cabs and other expenses for two weeks. On day four we're off to Crete, catching an early morning flight to the island's biggest city, Iraklion (also spelled Heraklion), where we pick up our rental car. We start with Knossos, an elaborate Minoan palace whose history dates to about 2000 B.C. Our first outing is a traffic-clogged trip to Chania's Venetian harbor. INFO visit-greece.gr