Greece The first farmers in Europe arrived on the shores of Greece as migrants in the first quarter of the seventh millennium b.c. They brought with them an economy based on the cultivation of wheat, barley, peas, and beans and the herding of sheep, goats, cows, and pigs. The striking feature of this Early Neolithic ("New Stone Age") culture was its life in compact villages. These villages were recognizably modern in form and had populations of perhaps 300 or 400 people, four times larger than the loosely organized bands of foragers that had preceded them in the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic periods. The first farmers came from western and southern Anatolia (modern Turkey) and sailed across the Aegean Sea to Crete and mainland Greece. A second wave of migrants, much smaller than the first, may have infiltrated into northern Greece by land through Turkish Thrace. Greece before the arrival of Neolithic immigrants was sparsely inhabited. Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Burial goods are sparse.
Çatalhöyük: History Wall paintings discovered in the 1960s Since 1993 an international team of archaeologists, led by Professor Ian Hodder, has been carrying out new research at Çatalhöyük. After the first seasons of surface survey, the excavations in the North and South Areas began in 1995 and have continued up to the present day. During the first phase of excavation to 1999 teams based in Cambridge, Berkeley and Thessaloniki joined Turkish colleagues to excavate individual buildings. The primary aim was to study the depositional processes in houses. For example, Buildings 1 and 5 were excavated on the North part of the site, and Building 5 has now been put on display. Finds from the recent excavations Clay figurine © Çatalhöyük Research Project 2005
Nubia - The Other Egypt Much has been written about the splendors of ancient Egypt. Less has been written about ancient Nubia. Yet for centuries Nubia was a center of trade and cultural exchange in the ancient world. You have the opportunity to uncover Nubia’s story – on a very large scale. The deadline for the design competition is fast approaching. Online Resources: Decide as a group, how you will present your design competition entry. In order to meet the design competition deadline, you will need to work together cooperatively and make every minute of classroom and at-home research time count. Individual Scoring Guides Group Scoring Guides If your life story were written by someone other than you, how accurate would it be? History-Social Science Content Standards for California Musee National Suisse Back to Don's Maps A Neolithic Site - a dwelling built beside or over a lake in Switzerland. My thanks to Anya for finding this image. It is from a postcard labelled: Musee National Suisse - Balade en préhistoire - scène d'échanges dans un village néolithique, vers 2.700 avant J. Photo: Antiquity Publications Ltd, published in New Scientist, 3rd September 2005. Bronze Age Britons practised the art of mummification at the same time as the Egyptians. Archaeologists unearthed the skeletons of a man, a woman, and a 3-year-old girl under the floor of a prehistoric house at Cladh Hallan on the Scottish island of South Uist. Hiller thinks that the bodies were immersed in an acid peat bog for a few months - long enough to remove some of the soft tissue but keep the tendons and ligaments intact. This is the only example of mummification in Europe, she says,"It's nothing like the techniques used in Egypt. Text above: New Scientist, 3rd September 2005
Catal Huyuk the worlds oldest city in Anatolia Turkey Gnosis Magazine Spring 1990 The Temple City of Prehistoric Anatolia BY WlLLIAM CARL EICHMAN INTRODUCTION: Academic studies are not gnosis, but can be used to help chart the way through the wilderness of the spiritual process. In modern esoteric practice intellectual study is a necessity; A century ago a lucky person encountered one esoteric school in their lifetime, today, dozens of schools advertise their wares, and no quality standards exist to separate introductory from advanced, gold from dross. ldries Shah, a skilled proponent of Sufi thought, repeatedly warns that most of what is taught and written about esotericism is actually the broken, fossilized remains of once-living schools. We study the bones of the ancient esoteric philosophies; the oral traditions, and especially the practical, experiential traditions, have been lost, or nearly so. This is the reason that esoteric practicioners need to study the ancient cultures. The City at the Center of the Ancient World
Welcome to UCLA's National Center for History in the Schools Neolithic houses, RO Arhitectura locuirii traditionale românesti Tipologia planimetrica si volumetrica a locuintei rurale s-a configurat inca din neolitic TANGIRU - jud. Giurgiu Neoliticul mijlociu, c.c.a. 4200 - 3500 i.e.n. cultura Boian, faza Vidra Locuinta de tip megaron prin dispunerea spatiilor semideschise pe latura scurta a edificiului. ARIUSD - jud. PETRU-RARES - jud. VADASTRA - jud. HABASESTI - jud. Pereti din impletitura de niuele cu lipitura de pamant galben descoperit "in situ". Traseul ipotetic al peretilor. Urme de pari infipti in sol descoperite "in situ". Pozitia ipotetica a parilor. Vetre. Edificiile din epoca bronzului continua solutiile volumetrice, planimetrice si structurale din neolitic. SALACEA - jud. Perspectiva interioara Locuintele geto-dacice din sec II i.e.n. - sec. Acest sistem este folosit atat la locuintele de suprafata cat si la cele adancite (semibordeie) sau ingropate (bordeie). SLIMINIC - jud. POPESTI - jud. GRADUSTEA MUNCELULUI (SARMISEGETUSA) - jud. APRASUL DE SUS - jud.
Çatal Höyük Çatal Höyük (pronounced "cha-tal hay OOK") is not the oldest site of the Neolithic era or the largest, but it is extremely important to the beginning of art. Located near the modern city of Konya in south central Turkey, it was inhabited 9000 years ago by up to 8000 people who lived together in a large town. Çatal Höyük, across its history, witnesses the transition from exclusively hunting and gathering subsistence to increasing skill in plant and animal domestication. Çatal Höyük had no streets or foot paths; the houses were built right up against each other and the people who lived in them traveled over the town’s rooftops and entered their homes through holes in the roofs, climbing down a ladder. Art is everywhere among the remains of Çatal Höyük, geometric designs as well as representations of animals and people. Many figurines have been found at the site, the most famous of which illustrates a large woman seated on or between two large felines. Text by Dr.
Social Studies in the Middle School A Report of the Task Force on Social Studies in the Middle School Approved by NCSS Board of Directors, January 1991 Tedd Levy, Chair, Norwalk, Connecticut; Pat Nickell, Vice Chair, Lexington, Kentucky; Peggy Altoff, Baltimore, Maryland; Loretta Hannum, Williamsburg, Virginia; Alan Haskvitz, Alta Loma, California; Mel Miller, Washington, Michigan; Richard Moulden, Bellevue, Washington Introduction Today's young people are a source of growing social and academic concern. According to the Carnegie Corporation, nearly half of some 28 million adolescents in the United States between the ages of ten and seventeen are moderately or extremely vulnerable to "multiple high-risk behaviors" such as school failure, drugs and alcohol, unsafe sex, and violence that puts their future in serious jeopardy. The problems of young adolescents and the changing nature of society are causing a reexamination of education and, in particular, the education of young people at the middle level. Physical Intellectual 2.
Albersdorf, Germany Model of a residential house from the Neolithic Age (Funnel Beaker Culture, around 2500 BC) at a scale of 1:10. Wood, reed, raffia and clay Realised by: Markus Ruge, Hemmingstedt, Holm Stuhlmacher, Albersdorf, and Bernd Tichter, Nordhastedt Since the dawn of the Neolithic, man has altered his environment much more drastically all over the world than during the preceding 2 million years of his existence. Only for us people of the Modern Age have the severity of manâ€™s influence on his surrounds become apparent. With man settling in communities and the steady rise in population, a transfomarion of his social organisation arose several thousand years ago. The Stone Age house in Albersdorf gives us a vivid picture of domestic life in the Neolithic Age. The basic structure of the model consists of small spruce rods, which were cut at the project site of the Archaeological-Ecological Centre Albersdorf. Beside its authentic construction, the building also hosts a further specialty. Literatur: W.
Catal-Huyuk Mankind's First Megacity 10000 BC : Ancient Mysteries Chatal-Hayouk Mankind's First Megacity 10000 BC Ancient cities, as we find them today, are not impressive sights. All that remains of Catal Huyuk (Chat-al Hoo-yook), the first city, is a gullied, pitted mound, floating in a rolling plain of wheatfields. Little is left to show that this place was a primary source of Western civilization, a nexus of trade and ideas for two thousand years, the first organized cosmopolitan city-state, and arguably the source of the Great Mother Goddess religion -- the universal faith of Europe, the Near East, and the Far East before the great empires of the Fertile Crescent arose. Sadly, most of the research on this unique neolithic site has been abandoned, and thousands of pages of analysis remain unpublished. Only one acre of the thirty-two acre mound has been systematically excavated, recorded, and reported. Twelve successive layers of building, representing distinct stages of the city and reflecting different eras of its history, have been found.
Great archeological sites La Natière : The Saint-Malo shipwrecks Underwater archaeology at Saint-Malo 300 years ago In 1995, the wrecks of two large corsairs were discovered near Saint-Malo, sunken at the base of the Natière reef. Szentgál, Füzi-Kút, Hungary Szentgál, Füzi-Kút: the excavation of a Neolithic settlement The term 'Neolithic' is used for an important phase in human history. The name itself implies the use of 'new stone tools', denoting an important technological innovation. In the New Stone Age, polished stone tools appear supplementing the former tool-kit comprising chipped stone implements alone. Historical evidences on the New Stone Age in Transdanubia The Neolithic period started in Transdanubia in the 6th Millenium B.C. and lasted till the 4th Millenium. The Füzi-kút settlement is located to the West of the modern village, along the road lying to rkút on a steep hillside. The excavation of the settlement offered the possibility to get an insight into the everyday life of prehistoric people and reconstruct on models and drawings the contemporary phases of work and corresponding technological solutions. Production of tools Illustrations to this chapter: Contents * Chronicle * Publications * Figures