3D American Civil War on Google Earth Life on a Southern Plantation, 1854 Life on a Southern Plantation, 1854 The moral inconsistency of slavery existing within a nation founded upon the sanctity of individual freedom was well recognized in the early days of America's history. All 13 colonies legalized slavery at the beginning of America's War of Independence in 1775. By the time the nation's Constitution was ratified 13 years later; five states had abolished the practice. In the late 18th century the slaves of the South fueled an economic engine based on tobacco. Eli Whitney (a Northerner) changed all this in 1792 when he invented the cotton gin. As cotton gained economic supremacy in the South, the North was transforming itself into an urbanized, industrial society with economic interests at variance with those of the South. It was in this atmosphere that writer Frederick Olmsted made a number of trips through the South in the 1850s publishing his observations in the New York Daily Times (soon to become the New York Times) and later as three books.
Great American History - Free American History Educational Material Free Civil War Games - Online and Downloadable Free Civil War Games Free Civil War Games for you to download and enjoy. Line of Muskets - Tower GamesTower Games is a site that provides both free and paid access to online games. Line of Muskets has three scenarios that are free civil war games. Ata - Extracts from the American Civil WarThis simulation of the American Civil War allows you to command your armies, fight battles, conquer states, and ultimately win the war. Civil War Online - Free Civil War GameCivil War Online is a full school online game that provides an immersive experience. Hidden Mysteries - Civil WarSimilar to "I Spy" games, this hidden mysteries game allows users to search for objects in an immersive Civil War environment. American Civil War: GettysburgThis immersive game provides a 3-D experience of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Strengths and Weaknesses: North vs. South As early as September 1861, the CSA began issuing national currency, promising to pay the bearer the face amount — six months after the ratification of a peace treaty. Within days of the fall of Fort Sumter, four more states joined the Confederacy: Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas. The battle lines were now drawn. On paper, the Union outweighed the Confederacy in almost every way. The North had an enormous industrial advantage as well. The South was at a severe disadvantage when it came to manufacturing, but the Confederacy managed to keep its guns firing by creating ammunition from melted-down bells from churches and town squares. All of the principal ingredients of gunpowder were imported. The South could produce all the food it needed, though transporting it to soldiers and civilians was a major problem. The South also proved to be very resourceful. The South's greatest strength lay in the fact that it was fighting on the defensive in its own territory.
The Civil War . In the Classroom . Classroom Activities . Lesson Plan Grade Level 6-12 Subjects History and English Estimated Time Required To complete all activities would take 8 class periods, but teachers can choose to implement some but not all activities in the lesson. Overview The lesson begins with an analysis of what historians can learn from ordinary Americans whose Civil War letters were preserved. It begins with the moving and memorable "Sullivan Ballou" letter (since made famous by The Civil War series), and then asks students to analyze a variety of primary source letters online. Next, students are put into pairs of letter-writing correspondents living in 1863. Partners represent a variety of American voices, North and South, and the lesson emphasizes the important roles women played during the war. Relevant Standards This lesson correlates to the standards of the National Center for History in the Schools ( Procedure Activity 1: Off to War Ask students when they last wrote a hand written letter.
Harriet Tubman: Former slave who risked all to save others Image copyright Getty Images Sometime in mid-October 1849, Harriet Tubman crossed the invisible line that borders the state of Pennsylvania. Tubman, a slave and later prominent abolitionist who has been chosen as the face of the new $20 bill, had escaped a plantation and was partway through a near-90 mile journey from Maryland to Philadelphia, and from bondage to freedom. She left the plantation, in Dorchester County, Maryland, in September and travelled by night. Years later, she recalled the moment she entered Pennsylvania: "When I found I had crossed that line, I looked at my hands to see if I was the same person. In the years that followed, Tubman returned again and again to Maryland to rescue others, conducting them along the so-called "underground railroad", a network of safe houses used to spirit slaves from the South to the free states in the North. But in September 1849, aged 27, Tubman was an unknown slave, uncertain about her future in the wake of her master's death.
Slavery in America - Black History The South would reach the breaking point the following year, when Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln was elected as president. Within three months, seven southern states had seceded to form the Confederate States of America; four more would follow after the Civil War (1861-65) began. Though Lincoln’s antislavery views were well established, the central Union war aim at first was not to abolish slavery, but to preserve the United States as a nation. Abolition became a war aim only later, due to military necessity, growing anti-slavery sentiment in the North and the self-emancipation of many African Americans who fled enslavement as Union troops swept through the South. Five days after the bloody Union victory at Antietam in September 1862, Lincoln issued a preliminary emancipation proclamation, and on January 1, 1863, he made it official that “slaves within any State, or designated part of a State…in rebellion,…shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.”
“I Sprung from A Kindred Race”: George McClellan Cultivates the Irish Vote, 1863 | Irish in the American Civil War The Irish of the North overwhelmingly supported the Democratic Party during the period of the American Civil War. Many had little time for Abraham Lincoln and the Republicans, and in the 1864 Presidential Election most rowed behind George McClellan– the former commander of the Army of the Potomac– who was hugely popular among the Irish. Though his Democratic affiliations made him the natural choice for many Irish, McClellan nonetheless had put work into endearing himself to them. One such occasion was his appearance at a meeting in 1863, organised to raise funds for the relief of the poor of Ireland. McClellan no doubt saw this as an ideal opportunity to garner significant Irish support. His speech that evening is reproduced in full below, as is an explanation from one Irish Legion voter as to why he intended to support McClellan in the 1864 Election. George McClellan and his wife during the Civil War (Library of Congress) The Academy of Music was an impressive venue. References
“I Not Onley Loved You But I Adored You”: 19th Century Irish Emigrants Speak of Love, Loss & Alcoholism | Irish in the American Civil War On 13th October 1863 Irishwoman Margaret Martin of 84 Fourth Street, East Cambridge, Massachusetts applied for a widow’s pension. Her husband Michael, a private in the 2nd Massachusetts Infantry, had lost his life at the Battle of Chancellorsville on 3rd May that year. Margaret’s file demonstrates the range of information that can be found in these files. Contained within it is an extremely poignant letter from her husband, expressing his regret at enlisting, and his profound feelings of love for his wife. The file also reveals an interview with Margaret more than twenty years later, following a descent into alcohol abuse that had cost the emigrant her home, her children, and almost certainly was what eventually cost her life. Michael Martin was born into the Irish community of St. East Cambridge in 1854, when the Martins lived there (Boston Public Library) Michael had been working for William Marvin for three years when, seemingly on impulse, he decided to enlist in the Union army.